Ministry of Antiquities (Egypt)

Last updated
Arab Republic of Egypt
Ministry of Antiquities
Coat of arms of Egypt (Official).svg
Agency overview
Jurisdiction Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt
Headquarters Zamalek, Cairo
Agency executive
  • Khaled El-Anany, Minister
Child agency
  • Antiquities Repatriation
Website Official website

The Ministry of Antiquities is the Egyptian government organization which serves to protect and preserve the heritage and ancient history of Egypt.

Contents

History

It was formed from the Supreme Council of Antiquities in 2011 [1] during the reign of President Hosni Mubarak to deal with the security and theft of Egyptian antiquities.

Supreme Council of Antiquities branch of the Egyptian Ministry of Culture

The Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) was a department within the Egyptian Ministry of Culture from 1994 until January 2011, when it became an independent ministry, the Ministry of State for Antiquities (MSA). It was the government body responsible for the conservation, protection and regulation of all antiquities and archaeological excavations in Egypt.

President of Egypt The President of the Arab Republic of Egypt is the head of state of Egypt.

The President of the Arab Republic of Egypt is the head of state of Egypt. Under the various iterations of the Constitution of Egypt, the president is also the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces and head of the executive branch of the Egyptian government. The current president is Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, in office since 8 June 2014.

Hosni Mubarak 20th and 21st-century Egyptian president and politician

Muhammad Hosni El Sayed Mubarak is a former Egyptian military and political leader who served as the fourth President of Egypt from 1981 to 2011.

Grave robbers have been looting ancient Egyptian tombs for centuries. [2] The Ministry of Antiquities works to get the items restored back to Egypt, whenever possible. Over the years, thousands of stolen antiquities have made their way back to Egypt. For instance, in late 2016, the ministry recovered and repatriated two of four Islamic era lamps which had been stolen in 2015. [3] In 2018, a carving in the shape of Osiris which had been hidden in furniture and shipped to Kuwait was repatriated to Egypt's Ministry of Antiquities. [4]

Islamic art art associated with Muslim peoples

Islamic art encompasses the visual arts produced from the 7th century onward by people who lived within the territory that was inhabited by or ruled by culturally Islamic populations. It is thus a very difficult art to define because it covers many lands and various peoples over some 1,400 years; it is not art specifically of a religion, or of a time, or of a place, or of a single medium like painting. The huge field of Islamic architecture is the subject of a separate article, leaving fields as varied as calligraphy, painting, glass, pottery, and textile arts such as carpets and embroidery.

Projects

From 2009 - 2014, the ministry worked with the Getty Conservation Institute on the management and conservation of the Tomb of Tutankhamen. [5]

The Getty Conservation Institute (GCI), located in Los Angeles, California, is a program of the J. Paul Getty Trust. It is headquartered at the Getty Center but also has facilities at the Getty Villa, and commenced operation in 1985. The GCI is a private international research institution dedicated to advancing conservation practice through the creation and delivery of knowledge. It "serves the conservation community through scientific research, education and training, model field projects, and the dissemination of the results of both its own work and the work of others in the field" and "adheres to the principles that guide the work of the Getty Trust: service, philanthropy, teaching, and access." GCI has activities in both art conservation and architectural conservation.

Past ministers

Zahi Hawass egyptologist, archaeologist

Zahi Hawass is an Egyptian archaeologist, an Egyptologist, and former Minister of State for Antiquities Affairs. He has also worked at archaeological sites in the Nile Delta, the Western Desert, and the Upper Nile Valley.

Mamdouh Mohamed Gad Eldamaty is an Egyptian Egyptologist who has served in the government of Egypt as Minister of Antiquities from 2014 until 2016. He has also worked as Professor of Egyptology at the Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Arts, Ain Shams University in Cairo. On 15 May 2011, he became Cultural Counselor and Head of the Educational Mission at the Embassy of Egypt in Berlin. On 16 June 2014 it was announced that he was to be appointed as Minister of Antiquities, a position he held until March 2016 when he was replaced by Khaled El-Anany after a cabinet reshuffle.

Duties and Goals

In 2016, the minister, Khaled El-Anany, stated his primary focus would be on solving the budget deficit of the ministry, given that many projects were stalled for lack of funding. [12]

See also

Cabinet of Egypt

The Cabinet of Egypt is the chief executive body of the Arab Republic of Egypt. It consists of the Prime Minister and the cabinet ministers.

The Comité de Conservation des Monuments de l'Art Arabe was an organization established in December 1881 by Khedive Tawfiq which was responsible for the preservation of Islamic and Coptic monuments in Egypt. It was an Egyptian institution, part of the Ministry of Charitable Endowments, but is often referred to by its French title.

Related Research Articles

Bahariya Oasis Place in Giza Governorate, Egypt

El-Wahat el-Bahariya or el-Bahariya is a depression and oasis in the Western Desert of Egypt. It is approximately 370 km away from Cairo. The roughly oval valley extends from north-east to south-west, has a length of 94 km, a maximum width of 42 km and covers an area of about 2000 km². The valley is surrounded by mountains and has numerous springs. Located in Giza Governorate, the main economic sectors are agriculture, iron ore mining, and tourism. The main agricultural products are guavas, mangos, dates, and olives.

Joann Fletcher is an Egyptologist and an honorary visiting professor in the department of archaeology at the University of York. She has published a number of books and academic articles, including on Cleopatra, and made numerous television and radio appearances. In 2003 she controversially claimed to have identified the mummy of Queen Nefertiti.

Statue of Ramesses II ancient Egyptian statue

The Statue of Ramesses II is a 3,200-year-old figure of Ramesses II, depicting him standing. It was discovered in 1820 by Giovanni Battista Caviglia at the Great Temple of Ptah near Memphis, Egypt. It is made from red granite.

Pabasa Ancient Egyptian noble, steward

The Ancient Egyptian noble Pabasa was chief steward of the God's Wife of Amun Nitocris I during the Saite Period. He is buried in tomb TT279, which is located in the El-Assasif, part of the Theban Necropolis, near Thebes.

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Maimonides Synagogue historic synagogue located in Cairo, Egypt

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TT28

The Theban Tomb TT28 is located in El-Assasif. It forms part of the Theban Necropolis, situated on the west bank of the Nile opposite Luxor. The tomb is the burial place of the Ancient Egyptian official, Hori.

TT391

The Theban Tomb TT391 is located in South El-Assasif, part of the Theban Necropolis, on the west bank of the Nile, opposite to Luxor. It is the burial place of the Ancient Egyptian mayor of Thebes and fourth priest of Amun Karabasken, who lived during the reign of the 25th Dynasty pharaohs Piye and Shabaka. The tomb itself was built around 715–705 BCE under Shebitku, and it is the earliest one in South El-Assasif. It was first discovered in 1820 by John Gardner Wilkinson, Robert Hay and James Burton, then by Karl Richard Lepsius; it was reopened in 2001.

Smart Village, Egypt

Smart Village is a high-technology business district in the city of 6th of October, Egypt, established by Presidential Decree no.355 in 2000, with activities starting in 2001. It is located on the Cairo-Alexandria Desert Road, slightly west of Cairo. Smart Village occupies an area of 450 feddans. It's a business district with office buildings, retail shops, entertainment, factories and green spaces.

Tutankhamuns trumpets

Tutankhamun's trumpets are a pair of trumpets found in the burial chamber of the 18th dynasty Pharaoh Tutankhamun. The trumpets, one of sterling silver and one of bronze or copper, are considered to be the oldest operational trumpets in the world, and the only known surviving examples from ancient Egypt.

Mohamed Saber Ibrahim Arab is a veteran politician, who has served as Egypt's former minister of culture in different cabinets, including the Beblawi cabinet.

Mask of Tutankhamun

The mask of Tutankhamun is a death mask of the 18th-dynasty ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun. It was discovered by Howard Carter in 1925 in tomb KV62 and is now housed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. The mask is one of the most well known works of art in the world.

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Mostafa Kemal Madbouly is the current Prime Minister of Egypt. He was appointed by President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi to succeed Sherif Ismail following his government's resignation in the wake of Sisi's re-election. Madbouly also serves in the Egyptian Government as Minister of Housing and Urban Utilities, and has also briefly served as interim Prime Minister.

References

  1. "A Brief History of the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA): 1858 to present". SCA Egypt. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
  2. Mueller, Tom (June 2016). "How Tomb Raiders Are Stealing Our History". National Geographic.
  3. El-Aref, Nevine (15 December 2016). "Egypt antiquities ministry receives two stolen Islamic-era lamps from UAE". ahram online.
  4. El-Aref, Nevine (10 October 2018). "Egypt receives coffin lid seized at Kuwait International Airport". Ahram Online. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  5. "Conservation and Management of the Tomb of Tutankhamen". Getty. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  6. Egyptology: Zahi Hawass confirms resignation, Dan Vergano, USA Today , March 5, 2011
  7. Hawass loyalists call for him to stay on, Nevine El Aref , Ahram Online , March 6, 2011
  8. Why Dr. Hawass Resigned Archived 2014-12-02 at the Wayback Machine , Zahi Hawass blog, March 6, 2011
  9. "BREAKING: New government swears in". Cairo Post. 17 June 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
  10. "Egypt's new Cabinet: What changed and what didn't?". Mada Masr. 19 September 2015. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
  11. "Who's who: Meet Egypt's 10 new ministers in Sherif Ismail's cabinet". Ahram Online. March 23, 2016.
  12. El-Aref, Nevine (23 Mar 2016). "New Minister of Antiquities Khaled El-Enany vows to tackle budget gaps: Interview". ahram online.