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|Date||May (until 2015)|
September (since 2016)
|Local name(s)||Olympia's Tour|
|Competition||UCI Europe Tour|
|Web site|| www|
|Editions||65 (as of 2017)|
The Olympia's Tour is a cycling stage race held in September in the Netherlands.
Road bicycle racing is the cycle sport discipline of road cycling, held on paved roads. Road racing is the most popular professional form of bicycle racing, in terms of numbers of competitors, events and spectators. The two most common competition formats are mass start events, where riders start simultaneously and race to set finish point; and time trials, where individual riders or teams race a course alone against the clock. Stage races or "tours" take multiple days, and consist of several mass-start or time-trial stages ridden consecutively.
The Netherlands is a country located mainly in Northwestern Europe. The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve separate provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba—it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian.
A.S.C. Olympia was founded in Amsterdam on 27 November 1898. It ran one-day races but wanted a race through all the Netherlands. The first Olympia’s Tour was in 1909, with three stages and one rest day. The second in 1910 went to Maastricht and Groningen. It was 17 years before the third race, partly because races on public roads were forbidden in the Netherlands during the First World War. An international field with 16 Germans, the champions of Switzerland and Luxembourg and around 40 Dutch riders left the Rembrandtplein on 17 August 1927. The Dutch were mainly amateurs, the Germans sponsored riders who rode for bicycle manufacturers such as Opel and Diamant which provided material and a support team. The German Rudolf Wolke won after four stages and 800 kilometres ahead of Janus Braspennincx. It was the last race until 1955.
Maastricht is a city and a municipality in the southeast of the Netherlands. It is the capital and largest city of the province of Limburg. Maastricht is located on both sides of the Meuse, at the point where the Jeker joins it. It is adjacent to the border with Belgium.
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state situated in the confluence of western, central, and southern Europe. It is a federal republic composed of 26 cantons, with federal authorities seated in Bern. Switzerland is a landlocked country bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. It is geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi), and land area of 39,997 km2 (15,443 sq mi). While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8.5 million is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities are located, among them the two global cities and economic centres of Zürich and Geneva.
The race resumed on 17 June 1955, with 93 riders leaving Stadionplein in Amsterdam South for a stage of 212 km to Hoogeveen. The race was a battle until the end, when 26-year-old Piet Kooyman won . After 1955 the race was held every year except 2001, when it was stopped by a foot-and-mouth disease crisis.
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) or hoof-and-mouth disease (HMD) is an infectious and sometimes fatal viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed animals, including domestic and wild bovids. The virus causes a high fever for between two and six days, followed by blisters inside the mouth and on the feet that may rupture and cause lameness.
Some winners have become successful professionals. They include Henk Nijdam, Frits Schür, Cees Priem, Fedor den Hertog, Leo van Vliet, John Talen, Servais Knaven, Danny Nelissen, Matthé Pronk, Joost Posthuma and Thomas Dekker.
Henk Nijdam was a Dutch road and track cyclist. His sporting career began with Fortuna Zundert. On track, he finished in fifth place in the 4 km team pursuit at the 1960 Summer Olympics. He also won a gold and a bronze medals in the individual pursuit at world championships in 1962 and 1963.
Frederikus Johannes Maria Goduwes "Frits" Schür is a retired Dutch cyclist who was active between 1970 and 1984. He competed at the 1976 Summer Olympics in the individual road race, but failed to finish. He won the Olympia's Tour in 1970 and 1972 and Tour of Algeria in 1972, as well as a silver medal in the team time trial at the 1971 UCI Road World Championships.
Cees Priem is a retired Dutch professional road bicycle racer. After his cycling career, Priem became team manager of TVM. He competed in the individual road race and team time trial events at the 1972 Summer Olympics.
|1909||Chris Kalkman (NED)|
|1910||Adrie Bellersen (NED)|
|1927||Rudolf Wolke (GER)|
|1955||Piet Kooyman (NED)|
|1956||Cees Van Der Zande (NED)|
|1957||Adrie Roks (NED)|
|1958||Ab Van Egmond (NED)|
|1959||Huub Zilverberg (NED)|
|1960||Gerard Wesseling (NED)|
|1961||Mik Snijder (NED)|
|1962||Henk Nijdam (NED)|
|1963||Joske Dries (NED)|
|1964||Cor Schuuring (NED)|
|1965||Harrie Steevens (NED)|
|1966||Jan van der Horst (NED)|
|1967||Cees Zoontjens (NED)|
|1968||Leen De Groot (NED)|
|1969||Piet Legierse (NED)|
|1970||Frits Schür (NED)|
|1971||Cees Priem (NED)|
|1972||Frits Schür (NED)|
|1973||Fedor den Hertog (NED)|
|1974||Roy Schuiten (NED)|
|1975||Hans Langerijs (NED)|
|1976||Leo van Vliet (NED)|
|1977||Arie Hassink (NED)|
|1978||Arie Hassink (NED)|
|1979||Jos Lammertink (NED)|
|1980||Oleg Logvin (USSR)|
|1981||Gerard Schipper (NED)|
|1982||Gerrit Solleveld (NED)|
|1983||Mario Hering (DDR)|
|1984||Asiat Saitov (USSR)|
|1985||John Talen (NED)|
|1986||Berndt Dittert (DDR)|
|1987||Jos Bol (NED)|
|1988||Dirk Meier (DDR)|
|1989||Thomas Liese (DDR)|
|1990||Wilco Zuijderwijk (NED)|
|1991||Anton Tak (NED)|
|1992||Servais Knaven (NED)|
|1993||Servais Knaven (NED)|
|1994||Henk Vogels (AUS)|
|1995||Danny Nelissen (NED)|
|1996||Cristiano Citton (ITA)|
|1997||Remco van der Ven (NED)|
|1998||Matthé Pronk (NED)||Rabobank|
|1999||Marcel Duijn (NED)||Rabobank|
|2000||Jan van Velzen (NED)||Bankgiroloterij-Batavus|
|2002||Mart Louwers (NED)||Rabobank GS3|
|2003||Joost Posthuma (NED)||Rabobank GS3|
|2004||Thomas Dekker (NED)||Rabobank GS3|
|2005||Stef Clement (NED)||Rabobank Continental Team|
|2006||Tom Veelers (NED)||Rabobank Continental Team|
|2007||Thomas Berkhout (NED)||Rabobank Continental Team|
|2008||Lars Boom (NED)||Rabobank Continental Team|
|2009||Jetse Bol (NED)||Rabobank Continental Team|
|2010||Taylor Phinney (USA)||Trek–Livestrong|
|2011||Jetse Bol (NED)||Rabobank Continental Team|
|2012||Dylan van Baarle (NED)||Rabobank Continental Team|
|2013||Dylan van Baarle (NED)||Rabobank Development Team|
|2014||Berden de Vries (NED)||Cycling Team Jo Piels|
|2015||Jetse Bol (NED)||Cyclingteam de Rijke|
|2016||Cees Bol (NED)||Rabobank Development Team|
|2017||Pascal Eenkhoorn (NED)||BMC Development Team|
The general classification is the most important classification, the one by which the winner of the Tour de France is determined. Since 1919, the leader of the general classification wears the yellow jersey.
The Vuelta a España is an annual multi-stage bicycle race primarily held in Spain, while also occasionally making passes through nearby countries. Inspired by the success of the Giro d'Italia and the Tour de France, the race was first organized in 1935. The race was prevented from being run by the Spanish Civil War and World War II in the early years of its existence; however, the race has been held annually since 1955. As the Vuelta gained prestige and popularity the race was lengthened and its reach began to extend all around the globe. Since 1979, the event has been staged and managed by Unipublic, until in 2014, when Amaury Sport Organisation acquired control, with both working together. The peloton expanded from a primarily Spanish participation to include riders from all over the world. The Vuelta is a UCI World Tour event, which means that the teams that compete in the race are mostly UCI WorldTeams, with the exception of the wild card teams that the organizers can invite.
Hendrik Gerardus Joseph "Joop" Zoetemelk is a retired professional racing cyclist from the Netherlands. He started and finished the Tour de France 16 times, which were both records when he retired. His record number of starts in the Tour de France was surpassed when George Hincapie started for the 17th time in 2012, but Hincapie was disqualified in October 2012 from the 2004, 2005 and 2006 Tour de France for the use of performance-enhancing drugs, giving the number of starts record back to Zoetemelk. Nobody other than Zoetemelk achieved sixteen Tour de France finishes until Sylvain Chavanel did so in the 2018 Tour de France. Currently, three riders have had more than 16 starts in the Tour de France, but none of them has yet exceeded the record of finishing the event 16 times. He also holds the distance record in Tour de France history with 62,885 km ridden. He won the 1979 Vuelta a Espana, the 1980 Tour de France and also came eighth, fifth, fourth and second. He was the first rider to wear the Tour de France's Polka Dot Jersey as the King of the Mountains. He also won the World Professional Road Championship in 1985 at the age of 38, with a late attack surprising the favorites of Lemond, Roche, Argentin and Millar. He is, as of 2018, the oldest men's individual road race world champion. He retired from the sport to run a hotel at Meaux, France.
The Amstel Gold Race is an annual road bicycle race in the province of Limburg, the Netherlands. It traditionally marks the turning point of the spring classics, with the climbers and stage racers replacing the cobbled classics riders as the favourites.
Brian Robinson is an English former road bicycle racer of the 1950s and early 1960s. He was the first Briton to finish the Tour de France and the first to win a Tour stage. He won the 1961 Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré stage race. His success as a professional cyclist in mainland Europe paved the way for other Britons such as Tom Simpson and Barry Hoban.
Team Jumbo–Visma is a men's professional bicycle racing team, successor of the former Rabobank. The team consists of three sections: ProTeam, Continental, and Cyclo-cross.
Hennes "Hans" Junkermann is a retired German professional racing cyclist who won 35 road races in 18 seasons from 1956 to 1973. He won the German National Road Race in 1959, 1960 and 1961.
Johannes Adrianus "Jan" Janssen is a Dutch former professional cyclist (1962–1972). He was world champion and winner of the Tour de France and the Vuelta a España. He was the first Dutch rider to win the Tour de France and the first to win the Vuelta a España. He rode the Tour de France eight times and finished all but the first time. He won seven stages and wore the yellow jersey for two days. He was easily spotted in the peloton because of his blond hair and his glasses.
The 1981 Tour de France was the 68th edition of the Tour de France, taking place between 25 June and 19 July. The total race distance was 24 stages over 3,753 km (2,332 mi). It was dominated by Bernard Hinault, who led the race from the sixth stage on, increasing his lead almost every stage, and winning the race with a margin of almost 15 minutes. Only Phil Anderson was able to stay close to him, until the seventeenth stage when he lost 17 minutes.
Eleonora Maria "Ellen" van Dijk is a Dutch professional road racing cyclist, who currently rides for UCI Women's Team Trek–Segafredo. Besides road cycling she was also a track cyclist until 2012. Van Dijk is known as a time trial specialist and is five times world champion. She won her first world title on the track in the scratch race in 2008. She became Road World Champion in 2012, 2013 and 2016 with her respective trade teams in the team time trial and in 2013 also in the individual time trial. In 2015, she won the time trial at the first European Games and the silver medal in the team time trial at the world championships.
Marianne Vos is a Dutch cyclo-cross, road bicycle racer, mountain bike racer and track racer, who currently rides for UCI Women's Team CCC Liv. Vos has drawn comparison to Eddy Merckx as being "the finest cyclist of [her] generation".
Lars Anthonius Johannes Boom is a professional cyclo-cross and road racing cyclist, who currently rides for UCI Professional Continental team Roompot–Charles.
Johan De Roo is a Dutch former professional road racing cyclist between 1958 and 1968. During 11 seasons as a professional he had six victories in single-day classics, three stages of the Tour de France and one stage of the Vuelta a España. He had 46 wins as a professional. He was the most successful rider from Zeeland until the emergence of Jan Raas.
The World Championship of Speedway is an international competition between the highest-ranked motorcycle speedway riders of the world, run under the auspices of the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM).
The Sidecar Motocross World Championship is an annual event, first held in 1980. It is organized by the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM). Before 1980, a European competition was held from 1971 onwards.
Gerrit Schulte was a Dutch professional track bicycle racer. Between 1940 and 1960 he won 19 six-day races out of 73 starts and was one of the dominant Six days racers of his time. Schulte was as well successful in track pursuit, becoming national champion ten times, European champion twice and world champion once, in 1948, when he beat Fausto Coppi in the final. He was also successful as a road race cyclists, becoming national champion three times and winning a stage in the 1938 Tour de France. Since 1955, the Gerrit Schulte Trophy has been awarded by the national federation to the best professional rider in the Netherlands.
Not to be very confused with Leslie West
The 2010 Giro d'Italia was the 93rd edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Giro started off in Amsterdam on 8 May and stayed in the Netherlands for three stages, before leaving the country. The route included climbs such as Monte Zoncolan, Plan de Corones, the Passo del Mortirolo and the Passo di Gavia before ending in Verona with an individual time trial.
Jan Derksen was a Dutch professional cyclist. He was world professional track sprint champion in 1946 and 1957. He was the only rider to win a gold medal at Milan, Italy, in 1939 – in the world amateur sprint – before the championship was abandoned at the outbreak of the Second World War. Derksen became a riders' agent and race promoter after retiring from racing and lived in a house on the outskirts of Amsterdam, named after the Ordrup track in Denmark where won the professional omnium – akin to a pentathlon in athletics – 10 times.
The 2013 FIM Sidecarcross World Championship, the 34th edition of the competition, started on 1 April and finished after fourteen race weekends on 22 September 2013.