The paramilitary forces of Pakistan consist of various uniformed organisations largely equipped with light infantry weapons and charged with a range of internal and external duties.
|Paramilitary Forces of Pakistan|
|Service branches||Federal Paramilitary Forces Gilgit Baltistan Scouts |
|Headquarters||Islamabad, Lahore, Karachi, Quetta, Peshawar and Gilgit|
The federal paramilitary forces current strength is approximately 330,000 personnel,divided into two categories:
In addition the provincial governments also control a number of specialised police forces.
|Executive Department||Service branch||Authority||Total active duty personnel|
|Defence||Defence Service Guard||Federal||N/A|
|Defence||Maritime Security Agency||Federal||2,500|
|Defence & Interior||Pakistan Rangers||Federal/Punjab/Sindh||25,000|
|Defence & Interior||Frontier Corps||Federal/Balochistan/Khyber Pakhtunkhwa||60,000|
|Interior||Pakistan Coast Guards||Federal/Balochistan/Sindh||7,000|
|Interior||Frontier Constabulary||Balochistan/Khyber Pakhtunkhwa||26,000|
|Interior||Gilgit Baltistan Scouts||Gilgit-Baltistan||2,481|
|Narcotics Control, Defence & Interior||Anti-Narcotics Force||Federal||3,100|
|Aviation Division||Airports Security Force||Federal||8,930|
CAF units are authorised by the Constitution of Pakistan with border security and internal security duties, but can be "regularised" i.e. attached to regular Army as necessary.
The CAF are paid for from the budget of the Ministry of Interior which also provides administrative support. However they are (with the exception of the Frontier Constabulary) commanded by officers on secondment from the Pakistan Army. They function under the operational control of army corps headquarters, not just in war time but whenever Article 245 of the Pakistani Constitution is invoked to provide 'military aid to civil power', for example in Karachi since 2015, and in Punjab since February 2017 .
The CAF are currently undergoing significant expansion of some (57) additional 'wings' approved for raising in the 2015-16 to deal with the challenging internal and border security environment and to provide security for the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), co-ordinated by a new 2-star command raised in September 2016, the Special Security Division.
Many CAF units were originally raised in the colonial era on the frontiers of the empire, and played a key role in the consolidation of control by building a link between the state and communities in strategically sensitive frontier areas through recruitment to government service. In many areas paramilitary units continue to play exactly the same historical role decades after independence.
Note that the Northern Light Infantry and the Azad Kashmir Regiment were once considered paramilitary forces until their promotion into the Pakistan Army in 1999and 1972 respectively.
The police forces of the Provinces of Pakistan & Federal Capital maintain paramilitary arms which act as a mobile armed reserve. They are not usually in contact with the public except during public events, civil unrest, and natural disasters. They maintain key guard posts and participate in antiterrorist operations. Depending on the type of assignment, they may be or may not be carrying firearms.
Note that the Levies and Khasadar will now fall under the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police.
Azad-Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan are not officially provinces of Pakistan but both have limited self-rule and hence their own police forces each of which maintains paramilitary branches.
Azad Kashmir is the Pakistani portion of Jammu and Kashmir which has its own Azad Kashmir Police who maintains several paramilitary forces within it.
Gilgit-Baltistan is the currently independent northernmost portion of the Pakistan which maintains the Gilgit-Baltistan Police and is home to the Gilgit-Baltistan Scouts.
The administrative units of Pakistan consist of four provinces, two autonomous territories and one federal territory. Each province and territory is subdivided into divisions, which are further subdivided into districts, which are further subdivided into tehsils, or taluka, which are further subdivided into union councils.
The Districts of Pakistan, are the third-order administrative divisions of Pakistan, below provinces and divisions, but forming the first-tier of local government. In total, there are 154 districts in Pakistan including the Capital Territory and the districts of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan. These districts are further divided into tehsils or talukas.
The Northern Light Infantry is a light infantry regiment in the Pakistan Army, based and currently headquartered in Gilgit, the capital of Gilgit–Baltistan. Along with many unified armed forces presence in the Northern Areas, the NLI has the primary ground operations responsibility of protecting the strategically important northern areas of Pakistan. The regiment draws its recruits from small tribes in mountainous areas and therefore they are less prone to altitude sickness and cold temperatures that characterize the mountain warfare.
The former administrative units of Pakistan are states, provinces and territories which mainly existed between 1947 and 1975 when the current provinces and territories were established. The former units have no administrative function today but some remain as historical and cultural legacies. In some cases, the current provinces and territories correspond to the former units – for example the province of Punjab includes almost all the territory of the former province of West Punjab.
Law enforcement in Pakistan is one of the three main components of the criminal justice system of Pakistan, alongside the courts and the prisons. In Pakistan, law enforcement is jointly carried out by the federal and provincial police services and other law enforcement agencies who form a chain leading from investigation of suspected criminal activity to administration of criminal punishment. The court system is vested with the power to make legal determinations regarding the conduct of the other two components.
Tourism in Pakistan is a growing industry. In 2010, Lonely Planet termed Pakistan as being "...tourism's ‘next big thing’ for more years than we care to remember. [But] world media headlines [always] send things off the rails". The country is geographically and ethnically diverse, and has a number of historical and cultural heritage sites. The upsurge in tourism in the past few years has been aided by the Government of Pakistan's recent decision to end mandatory No Objection Certificates for foreign tourists seeking to visit certain parts of the country.
The Frontier Corps, is a Paramilitary force of Pakistan that is currently stationed in the Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to maintain law and order while overseeing the border control of the country's frontiers with the Afghanistan and Iran. It is an umbrella term for the two western provincial auxiliary forces part of the paramilitary forces of Pakistan along the western provinces of Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and are the direct counterparts to the Rangers of the eastern provinces. The Frontier Corps comprises two separate organizations: FC NWFP stationed in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, and includes the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, and FC Balochistan stationed in Balochistan province. Each subdivision is headed by a seconded inspector general, who is a Pakistan Army officer of at least major-general rank, although the force itself is under the jurisdiction of the Interior Ministry.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Pakistan:
A Member of the Provincial Assembly , or MPA, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to the legislature or legislative assembly of a subnational jurisdiction. In Pakistan, the members are elected by the voters in provinces for a term of five years.
The provincial languages of Pakistan are a set of languages that are spoken and used in the four Provinces of Pakistan. However, provincial languages have no official status in Pakistan, except Sindhi in Sindh, given the fact that Urdu and English are the official languages of the country. Shown below are the main languages of each the provinces:
The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police is responsible for law enforcement and policing in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is located in the north-west region of Pakistan. It is known as the tourist hotspot for adventurers and explorers. The province has a varied landscape ranging from rugged mountains, valleys, hills and dense agricultural farms. The region is well known for its ancestral roots. There are a number of Buddhist archaeological sites from the Gandhara civilisation such as Takht Bhai and Pushkalavati. There are a number of other Buddhist and Hindu archaeological sites including Bala Hisar Fort, Butkara Stupa, Kanishka stupa, Chakdara, Panjkora Valley and Sehri Bahlol.
In Pakistan, the position of Chief Secretary is occupied by the highest-ranking civil servant in each of the four provinces. The chief secretaries are the administrative heads of their respective provinces.
Provincial elections were held in the Pakistani province of Balochistan on 11 May 2013, alongside nationwide general elections and three other provincial elections in Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab. The remaining two territories of Pakistan, Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan, were ineligible to vote due to their disputed status.
The Khasadar are paramilitary forces operating throughout Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), now a part of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. The khasadar are locally recruited and maintained tribal security forces, paid for through a stipend provided directly to the tribe by the Pakistani government. 40,000 Khasadar serve seven former tribal agencies and six frontier regions.
The Pakistan Levies, also called the Federal Levies, are paramilitary law enforcement organizations (gendarmerie) in Pakistan that have a primary mission of providing law enforcement, providing assistance to the police in maintaining law and order, and conducting internal security operations below the federal level. Pakistan Levies is an umbrella term for the various Levies Forces which operate under their own separate chains of command and wear distinct patches and badging.
This article documents the timeline of the COVID-19 pandemic in Pakistan.
Pakistan Armed Forces comparative commissioned military ranks
|Pay grade / Branch of Inter-service||O-1||O-1||O-2||O-3||O-4||O-5||O-6||O-7||O-8||O-9|| O-10|
|Air Force||P/Of.||F/Of.||Flt. Lt.||Sq-Ldr.||Wg-Cdr.||Gp-Capt.||Air-Cdre||AVM||AM||ACM||MAF |
|Marines ||Mid||SLt.||Lt||Lt-Cdr||Cdr||Capt.||Cdre||R-Adm||V-Adm||No Equal||No Equal|
|Grade authorized for use by Ayub Khan (for self-appointment) in 1962; since then it was never awarded|
Grade never created or authorized
Not a separate branch, appointments directly from the Navy
|Army||Naib Subedar||Naib Subedar||Sbd||Sbd-Maj|
|Marines||CPO||No Equal||No Equal||No Equal|
|Grade depends on the service type authorized by the MoD |
Non-commissioned officer ranks
|Inter-Service Pay Grade||BPS-7||BPS-8||BPS-9||BPS-10||BPS-11||BPS-12||BPS-12|
|Air Force||No Equal|
|Navy||No Equal||No Equal||OS-II||AB||No Equal||LH||PO||No Equal|
|Marines||No Equal||No Equal||No Equal||No Equal||No Equal||No Equal||PO||No Equal|
|Grade depends on the service type authorized by the MoD|