Port-Cros National Park

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Port-Cros National Park
Parc national de Port-Cros
IUCN category II (national park)
Porquerolles vue du ciel - Pointe Medes.JPG
Pointe Mèdes in Porquerolles
France relief location map.jpg
Red pog.svg
Location Port-Cros, Var
Nearest city Hyères
Coordinates 43°00′15″N6°23′43″E / 43.00417°N 6.39528°E / 43.00417; 6.39528 Coordinates: 43°00′15″N6°23′43″E / 43.00417°N 6.39528°E / 43.00417; 6.39528
Area46 km2 (18 sq mi)
Established14 December 1963
Governing bodyParcs nationaux de France

Port-Cros National Park (French : Parc national de Port-Cros) is a French national park established on the Mediterranean island of Port-Cros, east of Toulon. It also administers natural areas in some surrounding locales.



Map of Port-Cros National Park and adjacent limited areas Le parc national de Port-Cros en mai 2012.jpg
Map of Port-Cros National Park and adjacent limited areas

The park was founded in 1963 after the island of Port-Cros was bequeathed to the state; it became France's second national park after Vanoise National Park. The state is the sole land owner on the island, which is a natural protected area. The park's boundaries were extended in 2012 to encompass most of Porquerolles.


Port-Cros National Park is the first national park in Europe that unites terrestrial and maritime protection zones. The protected area is about 1,700 hectares of land and 2,900 hectares of sea at a 600 metre (656 yard) zone from the coast. Most of the area of the main islands of Port-Cros and Porquerolles are protected, as well as the small islands of Bagaud, Gabinière and Rascas. Until 2012, about 1,000 hectares of land on the island of Porquerolles had since 1971 been under the national park's administration (Conservatoire Botanique National Méditerranéen de Porquerolles).


There are strict behavior rules for the few inhabitants as well as daily tourists there. Sea bathing is admitted on three beaches only and smoking or taking dogs can result in an extensive fine.

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Port-Cros is a French island in the Mediterranean island group known as the Îles d'Hyères. It is part of the commune of Hyères, in the department of Var in the region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. The island was donated to the French government with the promise that a national park, the Port-Cros National Park, would be created on the island. This was established on 14 December 1963. The island is 4 km (2 mi) wide and its most elevated point is 199 m (653 ft). It is 650 hectares.