|Motto||Non sinit esse feros|
|Type||Medical royal colleges|
|Affiliations|| Academy of Medical Royal Colleges |
The Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (RCPE) is a medical royal college in Scotland. It is one of three organisations that sets the specialty training standards for physicians in the United Kingdom.It was established by Royal charter in 1681. The college claims to have 12,000 fellows and members worldwide.
The RCPE was formed by a royal charter, granted in 1681, with Sir Robbert Sibbald recognised as playing a key part in the negotiations. 49 There were 21 original Fellows, eleven of whom were graduates or students of the University of Leiden. :652 The Universities (Scotland) Act 1858 resulted in several items from the College's Charter becoming obsolete, and they obtained a further charter on 31 October 1861. :50 In 1920 the College enacted changes that allowed women to be admitted on the same terms as men. :50 The charter was amended on 7 May 2005.Three applications preceded this and had been unsuccessful. :
In 1699 The College first published a medical guide with standardised recipes Pharmacopoea Colegi Regii Medicorum Edimburgensium; 653thirteen editions of this Edinburgh Pharmacopoeia were published unit 1841 when it was replaced by a British Pharmacopoeia. :
In 1704 the College acquired a house and grounds on Fountain Close, on the Cowgate, in the Old Town.
On 27 November 1775 William Cullen laid the foundation stone for a new hall and library in George Street in the New Town. Architect James Craig, had ideas about expansion but the builders of neighbouring properties found favour instead. 16 The hall was not fully completed until 1830. :50 Unfortunately the great cost of the hall's exterior exhausted the College's finances leaving no money to finish the interior of a building. The College's debt was so much that there was talk of selling the Hall before it was even occupied. The Hall was sold to the Commercial Bank of Scotland in 1841 and was demolished.:
Between 1843 and 1846 the College did not own a meeting place, instead renting a premises at 119 George Street. 50:
The foundation stone of a new Hall at 9 Queen Street was laid on 8 August 1844.The new Queen Street Hall was designed by Thomas Hamilton. The Queen Street Hall was completed in 1846.
An adjacent building, Number 8 Queen Street was designed by Robert Adam as a house for Robert Ord and built between 1770 and 1771, one of the earliest New Town constructions.In 1868 it was purchased by the College, who then leased it to other organisations until 1957. A restoration project began in 1990 and lasted seven years.
Numbers 11 and 12 were built around 1780.They were purchased by the college in the 20th century. The space behind 11 was used for the Conference Centre and 12 contains flexible meeting rooms and office space.
In 1984 the college put Richard Dadd's painting of Alexander Morison up for sale, to raise money to treat dry rot.
In 1682, Robert Sibbald donated around one hundred books to the college. 50 The college's library in Queen Street bears Sibbald's name in commemoration. The library also has artefacts, such as a medicine chest that belonged to Stuart Threipland, physician to Bonnie Prince Charlie. In the 1960s, the information held by the library was modern. From the sixties onward, medical information became more available and college's library became more known for its historical works.At the end of the 18th century the library was located at the Royal Infirmary. :
In 2015, a project with the University of Glasgow digitised a collection of 5,000 letters of William Cullen from the mid-1750s to 1790, making them available online.
As of 2016 [update] , the college has catalogued more than 30,000 records that are in its archives.
In 1888 the College took the decision to establish its own research laboratory and initially rented a house in Lauriston Lane, near the Royal Infirmary. 654A three-storey building on Forest Road was acquired and in 1896 was formally opened as the college's new laboratory. It had areas equipped and fitted for a range of disciplines: Bacteriological, Chemical, and Histological and Experimental. With the creation of the NHS, the laboratory could not depend upon income from their reporting service and it closed in 1950. :
The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (JRCPE) is a peer reviewed medical journal published quarterly by the College. It was established in 1971 as Chronicle,renamed in 1988 to Proceedings of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, and obtained its current title in 2002.
Following successful completion of the MRCP(UK) or MRCPCH examinations, doctors are eligible to become Members of the College.
William Pulteney AlisonFRSE FRCPE FSA was a Scottish physician, social reformer and philanthropist. He was a distinguished professor of medicine at the University of Edinburgh. He served as president of the Medico-Chirurgical Society of Edinburgh (1833), president of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (1836–38), and vice-president of the British Medical Association, convening its meeting in Edinburgh in 1858.
Sir Robert Sibbald was a Scottish physician and antiquary.
Sir Robert Christison, 1st Baronet, FRSE FRCSE FRCPE, was a Scottish toxicologist and physician who served as president of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and as president of the British Medical Association (1875). He was the first person to describe renal anaemia.
This article is a timeline of the history of Edinburgh, Scotland, up to the present day. It traces its rise from an early hill fort and later royal residence to the bustling city and capital of Scotland that it is today.
The Royal Edinburgh Hospital is a psychiatric hospital in Morningside Place, Edinburgh, Scotland. It is managed by NHS Lothian.
The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, is an institute of physicians and surgeons in Glasgow, Scotland.
The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, or RIE, often known as the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, or ERI, was established in 1729 and is the oldest voluntary hospital in Scotland. The new buildings of 1879 were claimed to be the largest voluntary hospital in the United Kingdom, and later on, the Empire. The hospital moved to a new 900 bed site in 2003 in Little France. It is the site of clinical medicine teaching as well as a teaching hospital for the University of Edinburgh Medical School. In 1960, the first successful kidney transplant performed in the UK was at this hospital. In 1964, the world's first coronary care unit was established at the hospital. It is the only site for liver, pancreas and pancreatic islet cell transplantation and one of two sites for kidney transplantation in Scotland. In 2012 the Emergency Department had 113,000 patient attendances, the highest number in Scotland. It is managed by NHS Lothian.
Sir Andrew Balfour was a Scottish doctor, botanist, antiquary and book collector, the youngest brother of the antiquarian Sir James Balfour, 1st Baronet.
Abraham Goldberg was Regius Professor of the Practice of Medicine at the University of Glasgow. He was educated at George Heriot's School in Edinburgh and the University of Edinburgh.
Andrew Duncan, the elder FRSE FRCPE FSA (Scot) was a British physician and professor at Edinburgh University. He was joint founder of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
Alexander Wiseman MacAra, was a Scottish professor of epidemiology at Bristol University and chairman of British Medical Association (BMA) from 1993 to 1998.
Dr John Graham MacDonald Burt FRSE LLD (1809–1868) was an eminent Scottish physician and medical author.
Sir Robert William Philip was a Scottish physician and pioneer in the treatment and control of tuberculosis.
The Edinburgh Pharmacopoeia was a medical guide consisting of recipes and methods for making medicine. It was first published by the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh in 1699 as the Pharmacopoea Collegii Regii Medicorum Edimburgensium. The Edinburgh Pharmacopeia merged with the London and Dublin Pharmacopoeia's in 1864 creating the British Pharmacopoeia.
The Edinburgh College of Medicine for Women was established by Elsie Inglis and her father John Inglis. Elsie Inglis went on to become a leader in the suffrage movement and found the Scottish Women's Hospital organisation in World War I, but when she jointly founded the College she was still a medical student. Her father, John Inglis, had been a senior civil servant in India, where he had championed the cause of education for women. On his return to Edinburgh he became a supporter of medical education for women and used his influence to help establish the college. The college was founded in 1889 at a time when women were not admitted to university medical schools in the UK.
William Russell, MD, LLD, FRCPE was a Scottish pathologist and physician who became Professor of Medicine at the University of Edinburgh and president of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh. He was the first to describe the cellular inclusion particles known as Russell bodies. He was an early supporter of medical education for women.
Sir John Sibbald FRSE FBSE was a 19th-century Scottish physician and amateur botanist. In 1855/56, aged 22, he served as president of the Royal Medical Society.
Ronald Foote Robertson PRCPE was a 20th-century Scottish physician who served as President of the British Medical Association 1983/4 and President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh for the period 1976 to 1979. He was official Physician in Scotland to Queen Elizabeth II. He was affectionately known as Ronnie Robertson.
Sir Neil James Douglas is a medical doctor and was president of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (RCPE) 2004–2010 and chairman of the Academy of Medical Royal Colleges (AoMRC) 2009–2012.