San Miguel de Horcasitas

Last updated
San Miguel de Horcasitas
CountryFlag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
State Sonora
Municipality San Miguel de Horcasitas
Founded1749
Time zone UTC-7 (Pacific (US Mountain))
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (No DST)

San Miguel de Horcasitas is a town in San Miguel de Horcasitas Municipality, in the Mexican state of Sonora. San Miguel is located in the center of the state at an elevation of 518 meters.

San Miguel de Horcasitas Municipality is a municipality in Sonora in north-western Mexico.

Sonora State of Mexico

Sonora, officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora, is one of 31 states that, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 federal entities of United Mexican States. It is divided into 72 municipalities; the capital city is Hermosillo. Sonora is bordered by the states of Chihuahua to the east, Baja California to the northwest and Sinaloa to the south. To the north, it shares the U.S.–Mexico border with the states of Arizona and New Mexico, and on the west has a significant share of the coastline of the Gulf of California.

The settlement was founded in 1749 as a military fort. The name is in honor of the Vicerey of New Spain, Don Juan Francisco de Güemez y Horcasitas, first Count of Revillagigedo, who was governing New Spain at the time. After 1777, the governor and captain general of the provinces of Sonora and Sinaloa had his residence here.

In 1814 it became a town (ayuntamiento), one of the first in the state.

The economy is based on cattle raising and subsistence agriculture.

Subsistence agriculture self-sufficiency farming

Subsistence agriculture occurs when farmers grow food crops to feed themselves and their families. In subsistence agriculture, farm output is targeted to survival and is mostly for local requirements with little or no surplus trade. The typical subsistence farm has a range of crops and animals needed by the family to feed and clothe themselves during the year. Planting decisions are made principally with an eye toward what the family will need during the coming year, and secondarily toward market prices. Tony Waters writes: "Subsistence peasants are people who grow what they eat, build their own houses, and live without regularly making purchases in the marketplace."

Coordinates: 29°29′N110°45′W / 29.483°N 110.750°W / 29.483; -110.750

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.

Related Research Articles

Bacanora liquor

Other uses: the town of Bacanora, Sonora.

Juan Francisco de Güemes, 1st Count of Revillagigedo Viceroy of New Spain

Juan Francisco de Güemes y Horcasitas was a Spanish general, governor of Havana, captain general of Cuba, and viceroy of New Spain.

Arivechi Place in Sonora, Mexico

Arivechi is a town in Arivechi Municipality in the Mexican state of Sonora. It is located in the east of Sonora at 28°55'"N 109°11'"W, at an elevation of 556 meters.

Arizpe Place

Arizpe is a small town in Arizpe Municipality in the north of the Mexican state of Sonora. It is located at 30°20'"N 110°09'"W. The area of the municipality is 2,806.78 sq.km. The population in 2005 was 2,959 of which 1,743 lived in the municipal seat as of the 2000 census.

Bácum village in Sonora, Mexico

Bácum is a small city and the county seat of Bácum Municipality, located in the south of the Mexican state of Sonora at 27°32′N 110°05′W.

La Colorada is a small town in La Colorada Municipality in the Mexican state of Sonora. In 2005, the population of the municipality was 1,754, with 288 living in the municipal seat. The now-municipality was founded by Spanish Jesuit missionaries at some point between 1740 and 1743. Formerly known as Minas Prietas, La Colorada became a municipality on June 28, 1934. As an important mining camp in Mexico, La Colorada boasted a population that topped 5,604 in 1895. The municipality is situated 45 km (29 mi) southeast of Hermosillo.

Baviácora is a small town and the municipal seat of the surrounding municipality of the Mexican state of Sonora. The geographical coordinates are 29°42′N 110°09′W.

Ures human settlement in Mexico

Ures is a small city and a municipality in the Mexican state of Sonora.

Carbó is the municipal seat of Carbó Municipality of the state of Sonora, Mexico.

Fronteras municipality in Sonora, Mexico

Fronteras is the seat of Fronteras Municipality in the northeastern part of the Mexican state of Sonora. Frontera translates as Border. The elevation is 1,120 meters and neighboring municipalities are Agua Prieta, Nacozari and Bacoachi. The area is 2839.62 km², which represents 1.53% of the state total.

Huepac is the seat of a Huépac Municipality in the center of the Mexican state of Sonora. The municipal area is 317.37 km² with a population of 1,142 registered in 2000. Most of the inhabitants live in the municipal seat.

San Felipe de Jesús is the municipal seat of San Felipe de Jesús Municipality in the center of the Mexican state of Sonora. It is named after Mexico's first saint and Franciscan martyr, executed by Japanese shogun Toyotomi Hideyoshi.

Moctezuma, Sonora in Sonora State, Mexico

Moctezuma is a municipio (municipality) of the Mexican state of Sonora, located in the state's central region. It is also the name of its largest settlement and cabecera municipal.

San Pedro de la Cueva is a town in San Pedro de la Cueva Municipality, in the Mexican state of Sonora. It is located in the center of the state at an elevation of 500 meters.

San Miguel Achiutla Municipality and town in Oaxaca, Mexico

San Miguel Achiutla is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico. The municipality covers an area of 59.97 km². It is part of the Tlaxiaco District in the south of the Mixteca Region.

Carbó (municipality) is a municipality in Sonora in north-western Mexico.

Hermosillo Municipality Municipality in Sonora, Mexico

Hermosillo is a municipality in Sonora in north-western Mexico. The municipal seat is the city of Hermosillo.

Rayón Municipality is a municipality in Sonora in north-western Mexico.