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Duchy of Saxe-Jena
Saxe-Jena, shown with the other Ernestine duchies
|Status||State of the Holy Roman Empire|
|Historical era||Middle Ages|
• Partitioned from
• Ducal line extinct;
restored to Saxe-Weimar
The Duchy of Saxe-Jena was one of the Saxon Duchies held by the Ernestine line of the Wettin Dynasty. Established in 1672 for Bernhard, fourth son of Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, Saxe-Jena was reincorporated into Saxe-Weimar on the extinction of Bernhard's line in 1690.
The Ernestine duchies, also known as the Saxon duchies, were a changing number of small states that were largely located in the present-day German state of Thuringia and governed by dukes of the Ernestine line of the House of Wettin.
The House of Wettin is a dynasty of German counts, dukes, prince-electors and kings that once ruled territories in the present-day German states of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia. The dynasty is one of the oldest in Europe, and its origins can be traced back to the town of Wettin, Saxony-Anhalt. The Wettins gradually rose to power within the Holy Roman Empire. Members of the family became the rulers of several medieval states, starting with the Saxon Eastern March in 1030. Other states they gained were Meissen in 1089, Thuringia in 1263, and Saxony in 1423. These areas cover large parts of Central Germany as a cultural area of Germany.
Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Jena, was duke of Saxe-Jena.
Reincorporated into Saxe-Weimar
Saxe-Altenburg was one of the Saxon duchies held by the Ernestine branch of the House of Wettin in present-day Thuringia. It was one of the smallest of the German states with an area of 1323 square kilometers and a population of 207,000 (1905) of whom about one fifth resided in the capital, Altenburg. The territory of the duchy consisted of two non-contiguous territories separated by land belonging to the Principality of Reuss. Its economy was based on agriculture, forestry, and small industry. The state had a constitutional monarchical form of government with a parliament composed of thirty members chosen by male taxpayers over 25 years of age.
Saxe-Meiningen was one of the Saxon duchies held by the Ernestine line of the Wettin dynasty, located in the southwest of the present-day German state of Thuringia.
Saxe-Gotha was one of the Saxon duchies held by the Ernestine branch of the Wettin dynasty in the former Landgraviate of Thuringia. The ducal residence was erected at Gotha.
Saxe-Weimar was one of the Saxon duchies held by the Ernestine branch of the Wettin dynasty in present-day Thuringia. The chief town and capital was Weimar. The Weimar branch was the most genealogically senior extant branch of the House of Wettin.
Bernhard I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen was a duke of Saxe-Meiningen.
Johann II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, was a Duke of Saxe-Weimar and Jena.
Johann Georg I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach.
William Ernest, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach was the last Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
William Ernest, Duke of Saxe-Weimar was a duke of Saxe-Weimar.
Karl August, Hereditary Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach was a German prince and Hereditary Grand Duke (Erbgroßherzog) of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
Johann Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach, was a duke of Saxe-Eisenach.
John Ernest II, was a duke of Saxe-Weimar. He was the second but eldest surviving son of William, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, and Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau.
The Duchy of Saxe-Marksuhl was one of the Saxon Duchies held by the Ernestine line of the Wettin Dynasty. Established in 1662 for John George I, third son of Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar. Originally John George was supposed to share Saxe-Eisenach with his older brother, Adolf William. Johann Georg finally accepted the receipt of an income from the duchy of Saxe-Eisenach and made his residence in the small town of Marksuhl. Saxe-Marksuhl was reincorporated into Saxe-Eisenach on the accession of John George to the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach upon his nephew's death in 1671.
Johann Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Jena, was a duke of Saxe-Jena.
Charlotte Marie of Saxe-Jena, was a German princess member of the House of Wettin in the branch of Saxe-Jena and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weimar.
Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau, was a princess of Anhalt-Dessau by birth and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weimar.
Marie Charlotte de la Trémoille. was a French noblewoman member of the House of La Trémoille and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Jena.