Saxe-Jena

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Duchy of Saxe-Jena

Herzogtum Sachsen-Jena
1672–1690
SajoniaJena.jpg
Saxe-Jena, shown with the other Ernestine duchies
Status State of the Holy Roman Empire
CapitalJena
GovernmentPrincipality
Historical era Middle Ages
 Partitioned from
     Saxe-Weimar
 
1672 1672
 Ducal line extinct;
    restored to Saxe-Weimar
 
1690 1690
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Armoiries Saxe.svg Saxe-Weimar
Saxe-Weimar Armoiries Saxe.svg

The Duchy of Saxe-Jena was one of the Saxon Duchies held by the Ernestine line of the Wettin Dynasty. Established in 1672 for Bernhard, fourth son of Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, Saxe-Jena was reincorporated into Saxe-Weimar on the extinction of Bernhard's line in 1690.

Ernestine duchies duchy

The Ernestine duchies, also known as the Saxon duchies, were a changing number of small states that were largely located in the present-day German state of Thuringia and governed by dukes of the Ernestine line of the House of Wettin.

House of Wettin noble family

The House of Wettin is a dynasty of German counts, dukes, prince-electors and kings that once ruled territories in the present-day German states of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia. The dynasty is one of the oldest in Europe, and its origins can be traced back to the town of Wettin, Saxony-Anhalt. The Wettins gradually rose to power within the Holy Roman Empire. Members of the family became the rulers of several medieval states, starting with the Saxon Eastern March in 1030. Other states they gained were Meissen in 1089, Thuringia in 1263, and Saxony in 1423. These areas cover large parts of Central Germany as a cultural area of Germany.

Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Jena German noble

Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Jena, was duke of Saxe-Jena.

Dukes of Saxe-Jena

Reincorporated into Saxe-Weimar

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