The Litter

Last updated
The Litter
Origin Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States
Genres
Years active1966-1970 (reunions thereafter)
Labels
Associated actsThe Victors
The Tabs
Past membersDan Rinaldi
Bill Strandlof
Denny Waite
Jim Kane
Mark Gallagher
Ray Melina
Tom Caplan
Tom Murray
Lonnie Knight
Mike Rowe

The Litter was an American psychedelic and garage rock band, formed in 1966 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States. They are best remembered for their 1967 debut single, "Action Woman". The group recorded three albums in the late 1960s before disbanding, but they re-united in 1990, 1992, and again in 1998, when they recorded a new studio album consisting of both old and new material. All of their Minneapolis recorded material was produced by Warren Kendrick, who owned the Scotty and Warick and Hexagon labels.

Contents

History

Four members of the original lineup, Jim Kane, Bill Strandlof, Denny Waite, and Dan Rinaldi formed the band in 1966 from the remains of two popular Minneapolis bands: The Victors and The Tabs. Tom Murray joined as a result from a successful band audition. Their group name was presented by Jim Kane and accepted over other suggestions like "The Mustys". [1]

Heavily influenced by the bands of the British Invasion, the group recorded their debut single "Action Woman/"A Legal Matter"in late 1966. "Action Woman" proved to be their most impactful single and became a garage rock classic. Bill Strandlof, lead guitarist for the single, was replaced by Tom Caplan just before their debut album Distortions was released in the summer of 1967. Distortions leaned on cover songs, but became a classic that would be re-released when garage rock was revived.

By 1968, the band had shifted to the psychedelic rock scene. Their second album, $100 Fine, included original input from the band and British-influenced cover material. Although the album did not chart nationally, it did chart at number 10 on the Twin Cities chart. Their writer/producer, Warren Kendrick, had developed a method to precisely control the flanging effect (which eventually became a staple of psychedelic recordings) and he applied it to a cover version of a Procol Harum song, "Kaleidoscope." A highlight for the band that year was their brief appearance in the movie, Medium Cool. Their scene in the movie however, was overdubbed by The Mothers of Invention's song, "Flower Punk". Further work on the soundtrack was also replaced by Frank Zappa tracks. The band, later in the year, turned down offers by Elektra Records and Columbia Records which slowed their progress to the national scene. [2]

In 1969, the band finally signed to a major label. Their third album, Emerge was released on the ABC Records label and became their most successful to date. It peaked at number 175 on the Billboard 200 . However, recording for the album did not include Chaplin or Waite. There were heavier rock tracks on the album. The group disbanded in 1970.

The group continued to tour with several different line-ups sporadically thereafter and released an album of new material in 1998.

Personnel

Line-ups

1966 – Summer 1967Summer 1967 – Mid 1968Mid 1968 – Late 1968Late 1968 – 1970
  • Denny Waite – lead vocals, organ, harmonica
  • Billy Strandlof – lead guitar
  • Dan Rinaldi – rhythm guitar, backing vocals
  • Jim Kane – bass, backing vocals
  • Tom Murray – drums, percussion
  • Denny Waite – lead vocals, organ, harmonica
  • Dan Rinaldi – rhythm guitar, backing vocals
  • Jim Kane – bass, backing vocals, organ
  • Tom Murray – drums, percussion
  • Tom "Zippy" Kaplan – lead guitar, backing vocals, special effects
  • Dan Rinaldi – rhythm guitar, backing vocals
  • Jim Kane – bass, backing vocals
  • Tom Murray – drums, percussion
  • Lonnie Knight – lead guitar, lead vocals
  • Dan Rinaldi – rhythm guitar, backing vocals
  • Jim Kane – bass
  • Tom Murray – drums, percussion
  • Mark Gallagher – lead vocals
  • Ray Melina – lead guitar, backing and lead vocals
1970Late 1970 – 19711971 – 19721972 – 1990
  • Dan Rinaldi – rhythm guitar, backing vocals
  • Jim Kane – bass
  • Tom Murray – drums, percussion
  • Mark Gallagher – lead vocals
  • Sean Jones – lead guitar
  • Dan Rinaldi – rhythm guitar, backing vocals
  • Tom Murray – drums, percussion
  • Mark Gallagher – lead vocals
  • Sean Jones – lead guitar
  • John Suthpen – bass
  • Dan Rinaldi – rhythm guitar, backing vocals
  • Tom Murray – drums, percussion
  • Casey McPhearson – lead vocals
  • John King – lead guitar
  • Mike Rowe – bass

Disbanded

199019911993 – 19981998 – August 1999
  • Denny Waite – lead vocals, organ, synthesizer, harmonica
  • Tom "Zippy" Kaplan – lead guitar, backing vocals, special effects
  • Dan Rinaldi – rhythm guitar, backing vocals
  • Tom Murray – drums, percussion
  • Woody Woodrich – bass
  • Tom "Zippy" Kaplan – lead guitar
  • Dan Rinaldi – rhythm guitar
  • Tom Murray – drums, percussion
  • Mark Gallagher – lead vocals
  • Bob Hood – keyboards, backing vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Rick Ottum – bass, backing vocals

Studio contributors:

  • Mick Stanhope – lead vocals
  • Denny Waite – harmonica, backing vocals, synthesizer

Disbanded

  • Denny Waite – lead vocals, organ, synthesizer, harmonica
  • Tom "Zippy" Kaplan – lead guitar, backing vocals, special effects
  • Dan Rinaldi – rhythm guitar, backing vocals
  • Bill Grenke – bass
  • John Haga – drums, percussion
August 1999 – Present
  • Denny Waite – lead vocals, organ, synthesizer, harmonica
  • Tom "Zippy" Kaplan – lead guitar, backing vocals, special effects
  • Dan Rinaldi – rhythm guitar, backing vocals
  • Bill Grenke – bass
  • Joe Scanlan – drums, percussion

Discography

Singles

Albums

Compilation appearances

Live albums

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References

  1. "The Litter". last.fm.
  2. "The Litter". thelitterlightning.com. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 "biomenu". Thelitter-lightning.com. Retrieved 2014-08-23.