Thomas R. Bruce

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Thomas R. "Tom" Bruce co-founded the Legal Information Institute at Cornell Law School in 1992 with Peter Martin. [1] [2] He is the author of Cello, the first Web browser for Microsoft Windows. [3] [4] [5] Cello was released on 8 June 1993. [6]

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Cello (web browser)

Cello is an early, discontinued graphical web browser for Windows 3.1; it was developed by Thomas R. Bruce of the Legal Information Institute at Cornell Law School. It was released as shareware in 1993. While other browsers ran on various Unix machines, Cello was the first web browser for Microsoft Windows, using the winsock system to access the Internet. In addition to the basic Windows, Cello worked on Windows NT 3.5 and with small modifications on OS/2.

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Legal Information Institute

The Legal Information Institute (LII) is a non-profit, public service of Cornell Law School that provides no-cost access to current American and international legal research sources online at The organization is a pioneer in the delivery of legal information online. Founded in 1992 by Peter Martin and Tom Bruce, LII was the first law site developed on the internet. LII electronically publishes on the Web the U.S. Code, U.S. Supreme Court opinions, Uniform Commercial Code, the US Code of Federal Regulations, several Federal Rules, and a variety of other American primary law materials. LII also provides access to other national and international sources, such as treaties and United Nations materials. According to its website, the LII serves over 30 million unique visitors per year.

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Peter W. Martin

Peter W. Martin has been a law professor since 1972, and Dean from 1980 to 1988, at Cornell Law School. In 1992 he co-founded the Legal Information Institute at Cornell with Tom Bruce.


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  1. Stefanou, Constantin; Helen Xanthaki (2008). Drafting legislation: a modern approach. Ashgate Publishing. p. 272. ISBN   978-0-7546-4903-8.
  2. "Thomas R. Bruce's Cornell Law School Bio Page" . Retrieved 2010-03-04.
  3. "LII: Overview" . Retrieved 2010-03-03.
  4. "Web History Day: Pioneering software and sites". The World Wide Web History Project. April 1997. Retrieved 2010-03-04.
  5. He, Jimin (1998). Internet resources for engineers. Elsevier. p. 34. ISBN   978-0-7506-8949-6.
  6. Gillies, James; Cailliau, R. (2000). How the Web was born: the story of the World Wide Web . Oxford University Press. pp.  235. ISBN   978-0-19-286207-5. tom bruce cello.