Thomas Shreve (2 January 1755, New York - 21 August 1816, Lunenburg, Nova Scotia) was a Loyalist during the American Revolution and later served as the first rector of St. George's Anglican Church (Parrsboro, Nova Scotia) (1787) and then became a prominent minister of St. John's Anglican Church (Lunenburg), Nova Scotia.
Lunenburg is a port town in Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia, Canada. Situated on the province's South Shore, Lunenburg is located on the Fairhaven Peninsula at the western side of Mahone Bay. The town is approximately 90 kilometres southwest of the county boundary with the Halifax Regional Municipality.
Loyalists were American colonists who stayed loyal to the British Crown during the American Revolutionary War, often called Tories, Royalists, or King's Men at the time. They were opposed by the Patriots, who supported the revolution, and called them "persons inimical to the liberties of America". Prominent Loyalists repeatedly assured the British government that many thousands of them would spring to arms and fight for the crown. The British government acted in expectation of that, especially in the southern campaigns in 1780-81. In practice, the number of Loyalists in military service was far lower than expected since Britain could not effectively protect them except in those areas where Britain had military control. The British were often suspicious of them, not knowing whom they could fully trust in such a conflicted situation; they were often looked down upon. Patriots watched suspected Loyalists very closely and would not tolerate any organized Loyalist opposition. Many outspoken or militarily active Loyalists were forced to flee, especially to their stronghold of New York City. William Franklin, the royal governor of New Jersey and son of Patriot leader Benjamin Franklin, became the leader of the Loyalists after his release from a Patriot prison in 1778. He worked to build Loyalist military units to fight in the war, but the number of volunteers was much fewer than London expected.
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783. The American Patriots in the Thirteen Colonies won independence from Great Britain, becoming the United States of America. They defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) in alliance with France and others.
During the American Revolution he studied at King's College (present-day Columbia University) and then as Assistant Barracks Master. He was a Captain in the De Lancey's Brigade and Lieut. in 82nd Regiment of Foot (1777)).He came to Nova Scotia as a loyalist and settled in Parrsboro, Nova Scotia (1874). He went to England to become a missionary and joined the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts and then returned to be rector at St. George's Anglican Church (Parrsboro, Nova Scotia) (1787). In 1803, he moved to Lunenburg, Nova Scotia and served as their missionary for 13 years until his death in 1816. He was buried in the crypt of St. John's Anglican Church.
Columbia University is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City. Established in 1754, Columbia is the oldest institution of higher education in New York and the fifth-oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. It is one of nine colonial colleges founded prior to the Declaration of Independence, seven of which belong to the Ivy League. It has been ranked by numerous major education publications as among the top ten universities in the world.
De Lancey's Brigade, also known as De Lancey's Volunteers, De Lancey's Corps, De Lancey's Provincial Corps, De Lancey's Refugees, and the "Cowboys" or "Cow-boys", was a Loyalist British provincial military unit, raised for service during the American War of Independence. Its commanders were Brigadier General Oliver De Lancey and his nephew James De Lancey.
The 82nd Regiment of Foot was a British army regiment raised for service in the American Revolutionary War.
Charles Inglis was an Irish clergyman who was consecrated the first Anglican bishop in North America, although technically of the Diocese of Nova Scotia.
The Diocese of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island is a diocese of the Ecclesiastical Province of Canada of the Anglican Church of Canada. It encompasses the provinces of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island and has two cathedrals: All Saints' in Halifax and St. Peter's in Charlottetown. It is the oldest Anglican diocese outside the British Islands. Its de facto see city is Halifax, and its roughly 24 400 Anglicans distributed in 239 congregations are served by approximately 153 clergy and 330 lay readers according to the last available data. According to the 2001 census, 120,315 Nova Scotians identified themselves as Anglicans, while 6525 Prince Edward Islanders did the same.
St. Paul's Church is an evangelical Anglican church in downtown Halifax, Nova Scotia, within the Diocese of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island of the Anglican Church of Canada. It is located at the south end of the Grand Parade, an open square in downtown Halifax with Halifax City Hall at the northern end. Built during Father Le Loutre's War, it is the oldest surviving Protestant church in Canada and the oldest building in Halifax. There is also a crypt below the church and the St. Paul's Church Cemetery. The official chapel of the church was the Little Dutch (Deutsch) Church.
The Old Burying Ground is a historic cemetery in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. It is located at the intersection of Barrington Street and Spring Garden Road in Downtown Halifax.
Black Nova Scotians are Black African Canadians whose ancestors primarily date back to the Colonial United States as slaves or freemen, and later arrived in Nova Scotia, Canada during the 18th and early 19th centuries. As of the 2016 Census of Canada, 21,915 black people live in Nova Scotia, most in Halifax. Since the 1950s, numerous Black Nova Scotians have migrated to Toronto, Ontario, for its larger range of opportunities. Before the immigration reforms of the 1960s, Black Nova Scotians formed 37% of the total Black Canadian population.
Richard John Uniacke was an abolitionist, lawyer, politician, member of the Nova Scotia House of Assembly and Attorney General of Nova Scotia. According to historian Brian Cutherburton, Uniacke was "the most influential Nova Scotian of his day.... His faith in Nova Scotia's destiny as a partner in a great empire was only to be equalled by Joseph Howe." He devoted 49 years to public service in Nova Scotia. He fought in the American Revolution and later sought to emancipate Catholics and Black Nova Scotians who were slaves in Nova Scotia. He is buried in the crypt of St. Paul's Church. His substantial estate is preserved as the Uniacke Estate Museum Park at Mount Uniacke.
Rev Dr John Breynton was a renowned minister in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Dettlieb Christopher Jessen was one of the founding fathers of Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, and helped the village through Father Le Loutre's War, the French and Indian War and the American Revolution. He was German born. After his emigration to Canada, he became a militia leader, judge, and politician in Nova Scotia. His first name also appears as "Detleff". He represented Lunenburg County in the Nova Scotia House of Assembly from 1785 to 1793.
Sebastian Zouberbuhler was one of the founding fathers of Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
Upper Big Tracadie is a small community in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, located in Antigonish County. It is a rural, predominantly African Canadian community. Led by Thomas Brownspriggs, Black Nova Scotians who had settled at Chedabucto Bay behind the present-day village of Guysborough migrated to Tracadie (1787). The community is served by a community center and church, Tracadie United Baptist Church. It has close ties with the nearby community of Tracadie and Guysborough. According to one 19th century observer, this community was the most successful rural Black community in the province.
St. George's Anglican Church is an historic Carpenter Gothic style Anglican church building located at 216 Main Street in Parrsboro, Nova Scotia, Canada.
The Raid on Lunenburg occurred during the American Revolution when the US privateer, Captain Noah Stoddard of Fairhaven, Massachusetts, and four other privateer vessels attacked the British settlement at Lunenburg, Nova Scotia on 1 July 1782. The raid was the last major privateer attack on a Nova Scotia community during the war.
Simon Gibbons was Canada's first Inuit priest. The Anglican missionary constructed a number of churches in Nova Scotia.
Little Dutch (Deutsch) Church is the second oldest building in Halifax, Nova Scotia after St. Paul's and was built for the Foreign Protestants.
St. John's Anglican Church was the first church established in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, Canada (1754). It was the second Church of England built in Nova Scotia, and was the second oldest remaining Protestant church in present-day Canada until Halloween night, 2001, when St. John's church was destroyed by fire. It has since been rebuilt.
Jean-Baptiste Moreau was first minister at St. John's Anglican Church (Lunenburg) (1753-1700) and one of the founding fathers of the community. He was one of two missionaries who first arrived in Halifax with Edward Cornwallis (1749) and served at St. Paul's Church (Halifax). Then in 1753 he was sent to help establish Lunenburg, Nova Scotia. Rev Moreau served the community throughout the French and Indian War. He reported to Society for Propagation of the Gospel (SPG) in London, "…the number massacred by Indians in Lunenburg District during the War was 32." He learned the Mi'kmaw language and is reported to have baptised a number of Mi'kmaq children. He is buried in the crypt of St. John's Anglican Church
St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church is a church in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia. The congregation is the longest history of any Presbyterian congregation in Canada. After meeting at a private house, the congregation worshipped in St. John's Anglican Church (Lunenburg) (1759-1770). The first church was built in 1720 and the first minister was Reverend Bruin Romkes Comingo, who served the community for 50 years until he died at age 95 (1820). The current church was built in the neo-gothic style and dates from 1828.
Rev. Roger Aitken was a missionary at Lunenburg, Nova Scotia for Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (1817-1825). He was the rector at St. John's Anglican Church (Lunenburg) and was instrumental in establishing the Rectory and St. Peter's Anglican Church, New Dublin.
St. Peter's Anglican Church is a church in West LaHave, Nova Scotia that was established in 1818 by Roger Aitken, the missionary at Lunenburg for Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (1817-1825). The first church was built in 1829 and consecrated in 1834. The church remains active. Aitken gave to the church the oldest known Anglican Chalice and Paten in Canada.
Nova Scotia was heavily involved in the American Revolution. The American Revolution (1776–1783) had a significant impact on shaping Nova Scotia. At the beginning, there was ambivalence in Nova Scotia, "the 14th American Colony" as some called it, over whether the colony should join the Americans in the war against Britain. Largely as a result of American Privateer attacks on Nova Scotia villages, as the war continued, the population of Nova Scotia solidified their support for the British. Nova Scotians were also influenced to remain loyal to Britain by the presence of British military units, judicial prosecution of the Nova Scotia Governors and the efforts of Reverend Henry Alline.
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