Thomas Shreve

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Rev. Thomas Shreve Rev. Thomas Shreve, Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.jpg
Rev. Thomas Shreve

Thomas Shreve (2 January 1755, New York - 21 August 1816, Lunenburg, Nova Scotia) was a Loyalist during the American Revolution and later served as the first rector of St. George's Anglican Church (Parrsboro, Nova Scotia) (1787) and then became a prominent minister of St. John's Anglican Church (Lunenburg), Nova Scotia. [1] [2]

Lunenburg, Nova Scotia Town in Nova Scotia, Canada

Lunenburg is a port town in Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia, Canada. Situated on the province's South Shore, Lunenburg is located on the Fairhaven Peninsula at the western side of Mahone Bay. The town is approximately 90 kilometres southwest of the county boundary with the Halifax Regional Municipality.

Loyalist (American Revolution) loyalist of the American Revolution

Loyalists were American colonists who stayed loyal to the British Crown during the American Revolutionary War, often called Tories, Royalists, or King's Men at the time. They were opposed by the Patriots, who supported the revolution, and called them "persons inimical to the liberties of America". Prominent Loyalists repeatedly assured the British government that many thousands of them would spring to arms and fight for the crown. The British government acted in expectation of that, especially in the southern campaigns in 1780-81. In practice, the number of Loyalists in military service was far lower than expected since Britain could not effectively protect them except in those areas where Britain had military control. The British were often suspicious of them, not knowing whom they could fully trust in such a conflicted situation; they were often looked down upon. Patriots watched suspected Loyalists very closely and would not tolerate any organized Loyalist opposition. Many outspoken or militarily active Loyalists were forced to flee, especially to their stronghold of New York City. William Franklin, the royal governor of New Jersey and son of Patriot leader Benjamin Franklin, became the leader of the Loyalists after his release from a Patriot prison in 1778. He worked to build Loyalist military units to fight in the war, but the number of volunteers was much fewer than London expected.

American Revolution Political upheaval, 1775–1783

The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783. The American Patriots in the Thirteen Colonies won independence from Great Britain, becoming the United States of America. They defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) in alliance with France and others.

During the American Revolution he studied at King's College (present-day Columbia University) and then as Assistant Barracks Master. He was a Captain in the De Lancey's Brigade and Lieut. in 82nd Regiment of Foot (1777)). [3] He came to Nova Scotia as a loyalist and settled in Parrsboro, Nova Scotia (1874). He went to England to become a missionary and joined the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts and then returned to be rector at St. George's Anglican Church (Parrsboro, Nova Scotia) (1787). [4] [5] In 1803, he moved to Lunenburg, Nova Scotia and served as their missionary for 13 years until his death in 1816. He was buried in the crypt of St. John's Anglican Church. [6]

Columbia University private Ivy League research university in New York City

Columbia University is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City. Established in 1754, Columbia is the oldest institution of higher education in New York and the fifth-oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. It is one of nine colonial colleges founded prior to the Declaration of Independence, seven of which belong to the Ivy League. It has been ranked by numerous major education publications as among the top ten universities in the world.

De Lancey's Brigade, also known as De Lancey's Volunteers, De Lancey's Corps, De Lancey's Provincial Corps, De Lancey's Refugees, and the "Cowboys" or "Cow-boys", was a Loyalist British provincial military unit, raised for service during the American War of Independence. Its commanders were Brigadier General Oliver De Lancey and his nephew James De Lancey.

The 82nd Regiment of Foot was a British army regiment raised for service in the American Revolutionary War.

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References

  1. Richmond B. Shreve. A History of the Shreve Family in Nova Scotia and the United States (1976), Nova Scotia Archives.
  2. https://archive.org/stream/cihm_64879#page/n43/mode/1up
  3. http://www.uelac.org/Loyalist-Info/extras/Shreve-Thomas/Shreve-Thomas-bio.pdf
  4. Dorothy Meyerhof. Information about Thomas Shreve
  5. Shreve, Thomas. A sermon, preached at St. Paul's Church, in Halifax, before the Provincial Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Ancient Masons, June 24th, 1803, dn [sic] the celebration of St. John the Baptist / by Thomas Shreve. Halifax [N.S.] : Printed by A. Gay, [1803?]
  6. Judith Fingard, The Anglican Design in Loyalist Nova Scotia, 1783-1816. London: SPCK, 1972, 47.