Thomas Somerford

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Temperance Billiard Hall, Chelsea Temperance Billiard Hall, Chelsea 01.JPG
Temperance Billiard Hall, Chelsea
Interior Temperance Billiard Hall, Chelsea 17.JPG
Interior

Thomas Retford Somerford (1881 - 25 June 1948) was a British architect, best known for the temperance movement billiard halls he designed for the Temperance Billiard Hall Co Ltd. [1]

Temperance movement 19th- and 20th-century global social movement

The temperance movement is a social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Participants in the movement typically criticize alcohol intoxication or promote complete abstinence (teetotalism), with leaders emphasizing alcohol's negative effects on health, personality, and family life. Typically the movement promotes alcohol education as well as demands new laws against the selling of alcohols, or those regulating the availability of alcohol, or those completely prohibiting it. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the temperance movement became prominent in many countries, particularly English-speaking and Scandinavian ones, and it led to Prohibition in the United States from 1920 to 1933.

Billiard hall

A billiard/billiards, pool or snooker hall is a place where people get together for playing cue sports such as pool, snooker or carom billiards. Such establishments commonly serve alcohol and often have arcade games, card games, darts, foosball and other games on the side. Some billiard halls may be combined or integrated with a bowling alley.

Temperance Billiard Halls

The Temperance Billiard Hall Co Ltd was a Pendleton, Lancashire company founded in 1906, that as part of the wider temperance movement built billiard halls in the north of England and London.

The Temperance Billiard Hall Co Ltd was a Pendleton, Lancashire company that as part of the wider temperance movement built billiard halls in the north of England and London.

Pendleton, Lancashire village in Lancashire, United Kingdom

Pendleton is a small village and civil parish in Ribble Valley, within the county of Lancashire, England. It is close to the towns of Whalley and Clitheroe. The parish lies on the north west side of Pendle Hill below the Nick o' Pendle. The village is just off the A59, Liverpool to York main road, since the construction of the Clitheroe By-Pass. Older roads through the parish include one from Clitheroe to Whalley which passes through the Standen area and another to Burnley which passes Pendleton Hall.

Somerford was initially an assistant to Norman Evans, and later was lead architect in his own right.

Norman Evans (architect) British architect

Norman Evans was a British architect, best known for the dozen and a half temperance movement billiard halls he designed for the Temperance Billiard Hall Co Ltd.

Several of these former halls designed by Somerford are now Grade II listed buildings. His 1912-1914 hall at 134-141 King's Road, Chelsea, London is now a Grade II listed building. [1] Somerford's hall at 411-417 Coldharbour Lane, Brixton, London is also still there, but the frontage has been sub-divided into a number of smaller shop units, and the upper storeys are used as a hotel. [2]

Listed building Collection of protected architectural creations in the United Kingdom

A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.

Kings Road major street stretching through Chelsea and Fulham in west London, England

King's Road or Kings Road, is a major street stretching through Chelsea and Fulham, both in west London. It is associated with 1960s style and with fashion figures such as Mary Quant and Vivienne Westwood. Sir Oswald Mosley's Blackshirt movement had a barracks on the street in the 1930s.

Together with fellow architect E A Stone, he designed the Astoria in Brixton, London in 1929 (now the Brixton Academy music venue). [3]

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Brixton Market comprises a street market in the centre of Brixton, south London, and the adjacent covered market areas in nearby arcades

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O2 Brixton Academy music venue in London, a former cinema

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Temperance Billiard Hall, Fulham Hammersmith and Fulham, Greater London, SW6

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References

  1. 1 2 "Temperance Billiard Halls". victorianweb.org. The Victorian Web. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
  2. "The old Temperance Billiard Hall on Coldharbour Lane, Brixton". brixtonbuzz.com. Brixton Buzz. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  3. "O2 Academy Brixton". cinematreasures.org. Cinema Treasures. Retrieved 11 February 2014.