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Captain Thomas Topping (1608 - December 1687) was a prominent early settler and government official in colonial Connecticut and Long Island. He was born in Totternhoe, Bedfordshire, and died in Branford, Connecticut. Topping participated in the establishment of Wethersfield, Connecticut and Milford, Connecticut. He is a named recipient of the 1662 Connecticut Charter from Charles II of England, with his last name spelled as "Tappen."
Totternhoe is a village and civil parish in the Manshead hundred of the county of Bedfordshire, England.
Bedfordshire is a county in the East of England. It is a ceremonial county and a historic county, covered by three unitary authorities: Bedford, Central Bedfordshire, and Luton.
Branford is a shoreline town located on Long Island Sound in New Haven County, Connecticut, 8 miles (13 km) east of New Haven. The population was 28,026 at the 2010 census.
Topping served as magistrate at Southampton, New York from 1650 to 1656, 1659 to 1662, and in 1664. He was the Southampton representative at Hartford from 1651 to 1653, 1655 to 1656, and from 1659 to 1663. Topping was the Southampton delegate to the 1665 Hempstead Convention.
Southampton, officially the Town of Southampton, is a town in southeastern Suffolk County, New York, partly on the South Fork of Long Island. As of the 2010 United States Census, the town had a population of 56,790. Southampton is included in the stretch of shoreline prominently known as The Hamptons.
The Hempstead Convention was a ten-day assembly where 34 delegates met starting on February 28, 1665, "to settle good and known laws" according to a letter by newly appointed Governor Richard Nicolls, the first English colonial governor of the Province of New York.
Connecticut is known as the "constitution state." The origin of this title is uncertain, but the nickname is assumed to be a reference to the Fundamental Orders of 1638–39 which represent the framework for the first formal government written by a representative body in Connecticut. Connecticut's government has operated under the direction of five separate documents in its history. The Connecticut Colony at Hartford was governed by the Fundamental Orders, and the Quinnipiac Colony at New Haven had its own Constitution in The Fundamental Agreement of the New Haven Colony which was signed on 4 June 1639.
The Connecticut Colony or Colony of Connecticut, originally known as the Connecticut River Colony or simply the River Colony, was an English colony in North America that became the state of Connecticut. It was organized on March 3, 1636 as a settlement for a Puritan congregation, and the English permanently gained control of the region in 1637 after struggles with the Dutch. The colony was later the scene of a bloody war between the colonists and Pequot Indians known as the Pequot War. Connecticut Colony played a significant role in the establishment of self-government in the New World with its refusal to surrender local authority to the Dominion of New England, an event known as the Charter Oak incident which occurred at Jeremy Adams' inn and tavern.
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Afonso VI, known as "the Victorious", was the second King of Portugal of the House of Braganza from 1656 until his death. He was initially under the regency of his mother, Luisa of Medina-Sidonia, until 1662, when he removed her to a convent and took power with the help of his favourite, the Count of Castelo Melhor.
The IncorporatedVillageofHempstead is located in the Town of Hempstead, Nassau County, New York, United States. The population was 53,891 at the 2010 census,, but by 2017 had reached 55,806 according to the U.S. Census Bureau estimate. It is the most densely populated village in New York. Hempstead Village is the site of the seventeenth-century "town spot" from which English and Dutch settlers developed the Town of Hempstead, the Town of North Hempstead, and ultimately Nassau County.
Daniel Denton was an early American colonist. Denton led an expedition into the interior of northern New Jersey. He was one of the purchasers of what is known as the Elizabethtown Tract in 1664, in the area of present day Elizabeth, New Jersey. In 1670 he wrote the first English-language description of the area.
Thomas White was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1659 and 1660.
James Philipps was a Welsh politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1653 and 1662. He was a supporter of the Parliamentary cause during the English Civil War.
Nathaniel Hardy (1618–1670) was an English churchman, Dean of Rochester from 1660.
Thomas Powell (1641–1721/22) was a land owner in the middle section of Long Island in the Province of New York during the colonial period of American history. He secured the land transaction known as the Bethpage Purchase with local native tribes on Long Island.
Sir John Robinson, 1st Baronet, of London was an English merchant and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1660 and 1667. He was Lord Mayor of London in 1662.
Sir Rowland Lytton was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1656 and 1660.
Richard Standish was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1659 and 1660. He was a colonel in the Parliamentarian army in the English Civil War.
John Bulkeley was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1640 and 1662.
William Brisco was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1654 and 1660.
John Trenchard of Warmwell, near Dorchester was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1621 and 1659.
James Thurbarne (1607–1688) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1656 and 1679.
Thomas Cole (1622–1681) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1656 and 1660.
Francis St John was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1654 and 1698.
Thomas Chaplin (1591–1672) was an English draper and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1659 and 1660.
Richard Olmsted was a founding settler of both Hartford and Norwalk, Connecticut. He served in the General Court of the Connecticut Colony in the sessions of May 1653, October 1654, May 1658, October 1660, May 1662, May and October 1663, May and October 1664, October 1665, May and October 1666, May 1667, May and October 1668, May 1669, May 1671, and May 1679.
Matthew Canfield was a founding settler of Norwalk, Connecticut and Newark, New Jersey. He served as a deputy of the General Court of the Connecticut Colony representing Norwalk in the sessions of May 1654, May 1655, May 1656, May 1657, May 1658, May 1659, May 1660, May 1661, May and October 1662, October 1663, May and October 1664, May and October 1665, and May and October 1666.