Thomas Walkington

Last updated

Thomas Walkington (died 1621) was an English cleric and author.



Walkington was a native of Lincoln. He was educated at Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. in 1596–1597 and M.A. in 1600. He was elected to a fellowship at St. John's College, Cambridge, on 26 March 1603. He was incorporated B.D. of Oxford on 14 July 1611, and proceeded D.D. of Cambridge in 1613. He was presented to the vicarage of Raunds, Northamptonshire, in 1608, and to the rectory of Wadingham St. Mary, Lincolnshire, in 1610, and the vicarage of Fulham, Middlesex, on 25 May 1615. He died in 1621, the administration of his goods being granted on 29 October of that year. [1] [2]


Walkington was author of a book that anticipated Robert Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy . It was entitled The Optick Glasse of Humors, or the Touchstone of a Golden Temperature, or the Philosophers Stone to make a Golden Temper. Wherein the Four Complections, Sanguine, Cholericke, Phligmaticke, Melancholicke are Succinctly Painted forth […] by T. W., Master of Arts. The first edition seems to be that which is stated on the title-page to have been printed by John Windet for Martin Clerke in London in 1607. This was dedicated to Sir Justinian Lewin from "my study in St. Johns, Camb. 10 Kal. March. T. W.". An undated edition, which cannot be dated earlier than 1631, was printed by W[illiam] T[urner] at Oxford. This issue, which has the same dedication as its predecessor, has an elaborately engraved title-page on steel, in which two graduates in cap and gown, representing respectively the universities of Cambridge and Oxford, hold between them an optic class or touchstone (Madan, Early Oxford Press, pp. 160–161). William Carew Hazlitt describes a fragment of an edition printed at Oxford with a different dedication addressed to the author's "friend, M. Carye" (Collections, 1st ser.). Later editions, with the engraved title-page, appeared in London in 1630 and 1663. Richard Farmer, in his Essay on the Learning of Shakespeare, [3] credited "T. Wombwell" with the authorship of Walkington's treatise on the Optick Glasse, and referred to a passage (traceable to Scaliger) by way of illustrating Shylock's remarks on irrational antipathies (Merchant of Venice, iv.i.49). [2]

Walkington was also the author of An Exposition of the two first verses of the sixth chapter to the Hebrews, in form of a Dialogue, by T. W., Minister of the Word, London, 1609; of Theologicall Rules to guide us in the Understanding and Practice of Holy Scriptures […] also Enigmata Sacra, Holy Riddles […] by T. W., Preacher of the Word, 2 pts. London, 1615; of Rabboni, Mary Magdalen's Teares of Sorrow […] London, 1620; and, according to Anthony Wood, of a sermon on Ecclesiastes xii.10. [2]

Related Research Articles

Philip Massinger 16th/17th-century English playwright

Philip Massinger was an English dramatist. His finely plotted plays, including A New Way to Pay Old Debts, The City Madam and The Roman Actor, are noted for their satire and realism, and their political and social themes.

Thomas Hartwell Horne was an English theologian and librarian.

Thomas Tomkis was an English playwright of the late Elizabethan and the Jacobean eras, and arguably one of the more cryptic figures of English Renaissance drama.

William Stansby (1572–1638) was a London printer and publisher of the Jacobean and Caroline eras, working under his own name from 1610. One of the most prolific printers of his time, Stansby is best remembered for publishing the landmark first folio collection of the works of Ben Jonson in 1616.

George Walker (c.1581–1651) was an English clergyman, known for his strong Puritan views. He was imprisoned in 1638 by William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, an affair that was later raised against Laud at his trial. He became a member of the Westminster Assembly in 1643.

Alexander Gill the Elder, also spelled Gil, was an English scholar, spelling reformer, and high-master of St Paul's School, where his pupils included John Milton. He was the author of an English grammar, which was written, however, in Latin.

Samuel Ward (minister) English minister

Samuel Ward (1577–1640) was an English Puritan minister of Ipswich.

Thomas Taylor (priest, 1576–1632) English clergyman, born 1576

Thomas Taylor (1576–1632) was an English cleric. A Calvinist, he held strong anti-Catholic views, and his career in the church had a long hiatus. He also attacked separatists, and wrote copiously, with the help of sympathetic patrons. He created a group of like-minded followers.

Thomas Westfield was an English churchman, Bishop of Bristol and member of the Westminster Assembly.

John Kettlewell English priest

John Kettlewell was an English clergyman, nonjuror and devotional writer. He is now known for his arguments against William Sherlock, who had justified the change of monarch of 1688–89 and his own switch of sides in The Case of the Allegiance. According to J. P. Kenyon, Kettlewell's reply made a case "with which conformist Anglicans could only agree, because it was spiritual, while Sherlock's was resolutely aspiritual". He went on to attack defenders of the Glorious Revolution generally as proponents of fallacious contractarian theories.

Roger Fenton (1565–1615) was an English clergyman, one of the translators of the Authorised King James Version.

Thomas Tymme was an English clergyman, translator and author. He combined Puritan views, including the need for capital punishment for adultery, with a positive outlook on alchemy and experimental science.

Charles Wheatly (1686–1742) was an English clergyman, known for writings on the Book of Common Prayer.

Thomas Draxe was an English divine, a theological and classical author.

Thomas Langley was an English churchman and canon of Winchester Cathedral.

Richard Niccols (1584–1616) was an English poet and editor.

Thomas Whincop was an English compiler of theatrical history.

Henry Holland (1583–1650?) was an English bookseller and printer.

Thomas Mason (1580–1619?) was an English clergyman and writer.

Thomas Stackhouse English theologian and controversialist

Thomas Stackhouse (1677–1752) was an English theologian and controversialist.


  1. (Hennessy, Novum Repertorium Eccl. Londin.
  2. 1 2 3 "Walkington, Thomas"  . Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  3. 1780, p. 40 n.,

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : "Walkington, Thomas". Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.