Thomas Whitgrave ( fl. 1650s) was the member of parliament for Staffordshire for the First, Second and Third Protectorate parliaments who was knighted by the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell in 1658.Although he was considered as a potential recipient Knight of the Royal Oak, the knighthood conferred by the Lord Protector was not recognised after the Restoration.
Staffordshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Members of Parliament until 1832.
The First Protectorate Parliament was summoned by the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell under the terms of the Instrument of Government. It sat for one term from 3 September 1654 until 22 January 1655 with William Lenthall as the Speaker of the House.
The Second Protectorate Parliament in England sat for two sessions from 17 September 1656 until 4 February 1658, with Thomas Widdrington as the Speaker of the House of Commons. In its first session, the House of Commons was its only chamber; in the second session an Other House with a power of veto over the decisions of the Commons was added.
The Protectorate was the period during the Commonwealth when England and Wales, Ireland and Scotland were governed by a Lord Protector as a republic. The Protectorate began in 1653 when, following the dissolution of the Rump Parliament and then Barebone's Parliament, Oliver Cromwell was appointed Lord Protector of the Commonwealth under the terms of the Instrument of Government. In 1659 the Protectorate Parliament was dissolved by the Committee of Safety as Richard Cromwell, who had succeeded his father as Lord Protector, was unable to keep control of the Parliament and the Army. This marked the end of the Protectorate and the start of a second period of rule by the Rump Parliament as the legislature and the Council of State as the executive.
Colonel John Hewson (Hughson) was a soldier in the New Model Army and signed the death warrant of King Charles I, making him a regicide.
Sir Thomas Foote, 1st Baronet was a wealthy Citizen and grocer of London. He was Lord Mayor of the City of London in 1649. During the Protectorate he was knighted by the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell in 1657, and after the Restoration (England) he was made a baronet by Charles II.
Sir Francis Barrington, 1st Baronet was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1601 and 1628.
John Claypole was an officer in the Parliamentary army in 1645 during the English Civil War. He was created Lord Cleypole by Oliver Cromwell, but this title naturally came to an end with the Restoration of 1660.
Sir John Russell, 3rd Baronet, first a Royalist, but afterwards a colonel of foot for Parliament and distinguished himself at the Battle of Marston Moor, and in the Protectorate's wars in Ireland and Flanders.
The Other House, established by the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell under the terms of the Humble Petition and Advice, was one of the two chambers of the parliaments that legislated for England and Wales, Scotland and Ireland, in 1658 and 1659, the final years of the Protectorate.
The Fenton Baronetcy, of Mitchelstown in the County of Cork, was a title in the Baronetage of Ireland. It was created on 22 July 1661 for Maurice Fenton. The baronetcy became extinct on 17 March 1670, with the death of his son William Fenton.
Thomas Atkins was Lord Mayor of London and an English politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1640 and from 1647 to 1653 and was Lord Mayor of London in 1644. He supported the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War.
Sir Oliver Cromwell was an English landowner, lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1589 and 1625. He was the uncle of Oliver Cromwell, the Member of Parliament, general, and Lord Protector of England.
Sir John Strode supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War. He held various official offices during the Protectorate and was knighted by Oliver Cromwell. After the Restoration he was a member of the Cavalier Parliament. He was knighted by King Charles II in 1662.
Sir Richard Chiverton of the Worshipful Company of Skinners was Lord Mayor of London in 1658.
John Dethick was Lord Mayor of London in 1656 during the Protectorate.
John Copleston supported the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War and Interregnum (England)
Sir John Perceval, 1st Baronet was a substantial land owner in Ireland. He was knighted by Henry Cromwell for his services to the Commonwealth government of Ireland during the Interregnum. Shortly before the Restoration he held the offices of Chief Prothonotary of the Common Pleas and Clerk of the Crown. After the Restoration he was granted a baronetcy and given a full pardon for his activities during the Interregnum. He was appointed Privy Councillor to King Charles II, a Knight of the Shire for County Cork, and was a member of the Council of Trade.
Daniel Abbot was a colonel of a regiment of dragoons in the New Model Army who fought throughout the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland and settled in the country once the war was over.
Philip Twisleton of Drax Abbey, North Yorkshire was a colonel of a cavalry regiment in the New Model Army. He was knighted by the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell on 1 February 1658.
Sir Richard Combe of Hemel Hempstead, was knighted by the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell during the Interregnum and again shortly after the Restoration by Charles II.
William Arthur Shaw (1865–1943) was an English historian and archivist.
|This article about a Member of the Parliament of England (up to 1707) is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|