Thomas Wilton

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Thomas Wilton [1] (active from 1288 to 1322) was an English theologian and scholastic philosopher, a pupil of Duns Scotus, [2] a teacher at the University of Oxford and then the University of Paris, where he taught Walter Burley. [2] He was a Fellow of Merton College from about 1288. [3]

Duns Scotus Scottish Franciscan friar, philosopher and Catholic blessed

John Duns, commonly called Duns Scotus, a Scotsman, is generally considered to be one of the three most important philosopher-theologians of Western Europe in the High Middle Ages, together with Thomas Aquinas and William of Ockham. Scotus has had considerable influence on both Catholic and secular thought. The doctrines for which he is best known are the "univocity of being", that existence is the most abstract concept we have, applicable to everything that exists; the formal distinction, a way of distinguishing between different aspects of the same thing; and the idea of haecceity, the property supposed to be in each individual thing that makes it an individual. Scotus also developed a complex argument for the existence of God, and argued for the Immaculate Conception of Mary.

University of Oxford Collegiate research university in Oxford, England

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University of Paris former university in Paris, France

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He attacked some of Burley's theses. [4] He wrote on and rejected the theory of motion of Averroes, [5] provoking a reply by John of Jandun. [6] In discussing the eternity of the world, he connects the views of Maimonides and Aquinas. [7]

Averroes Medieval Arab scholar and philosopher

Ibn Rushd, often Latinized as Averroes, was a Muslim Andalusian philosopher and thinker who wrote about many subjects, including philosophy, theology, medicine, astronomy, physics, Islamic jurisprudence and law, and linguistics. His philosophical works include numerous commentaries on Aristotle, for which he was known in the West as The Commentator. He also served as a judge and a court physician for the Almohad caliphate.

John of Jandun was a French philosopher, theologian, and political writer. Jandun is best known for his outspoken defense of Aristotelianism and his influence in the early Latin Averroist movement.

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References

Notes

  1. Thomas of Wilton, Thomas de Wilton, Thomas Wylton, Thomas de Wylton.
  2. 1 2 Harjeet Singh Gill, Signification in language and culture, Indian Institute of Advanced Study, 2002, p. 109.
  3. Jorge J. E. Gracia, Timothy B. Noone, A Companion to Philosophy in the Middle Ages (2003), p. 666.
  4. John Marenbon, Medieval Philosophy (1998), p. 369.
  5. Cecelia Trifogli, Oxford Physics in the Thirteenth Century (ca. 1250-1270) (2000), p. 65.
  6. Cecelia Trifogli, Averroes's Doctrine of Time, p. 67, in Pasquale Porro (editor), The Medieval Concept of Time (2001).
  7. J. M. M. H. Thijssen, The Response to Thomas p. 91 in Jozef Wissink (editor), The Eternity of the World in the Thought of Thomas Aquinas and His Contemporaries (1990)