|Born||3 May 1991|
|Height||1.95 m (6 ft 5 in)|
|Strokes||Freestyle, butterfly, medley, backstroke|
|Classifications||S8, SB7, SM8|
Thomas Young (born 3 May 1991)is a British Paralympic swimmer. He represented Britain at the 2012 London Paralympics and has won medals at both the long course and short course World Championships.
The 2012 Summer Paralympics, the 14th Summer Paralympic Games, and also more generally known as the London 2012 Paralympic Games, were a major international multi-sport event for athletes with disabilities governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), that took place in London, United Kingdom from 29 August to 9 September 2012. These Paralympics were one of the largest multi-sport events ever held in the United Kingdom after the 2012 Summer Olympics, and until the date the largest Paralympics ever: 4,302 athletes from 164 National Paralympic Committees participated, with fourteen countries appearing in the Paralympics for the first time ever.
Young was born in Lancaster, England in 1991. He was born without a right hand and forearm and two club feet.
Young was introduced to swimming at the age of five by his mother, who wanted him to be able to swim as he became older.He began competing at the age of 12 and was subsequently classified as a S8 disability swimmer. In 2008 Young attempted to qualify for the British team for the 2008 Summer Paralympics in Beijing, but missed out on a place in the 400m freestyle event by 0.3 seconds. In 2009 he first represented Great Britain at a major international tournament, the IPC Swimming European Championships in Reykjavik. Young reached the finals of six events in Iceland. On the first day of the Championships he finished in second place behind Russia's Konstantin Lisenkov in the 100m backstroke S8, winning his first major medal. He came fourth in the 400m freestyle S8, eighth in the 50m freestyle S8 and was disqualified in the 100m breaststroke - SB7. A second silver medal was won in the men's 4 × 100 m medley relay, where he took the first leg the race. In his final event, the 200m individual medley SM8, he swam 2:34.34 to just edge out Spain's Alejandro Sánchez Palomero to take third place and take his second medal of the tournament.
S8, SB7, SM8 are disability swimming classifications used for categorizing swimmers based on their level of disability. This class includes a number of different disabilities including people with amputations and cerebral palsy. The classification is governed by the International Paralympic Committee, and competes at the Paralympic Games.
The 2008 Summer Paralympic Games, the 13th Paralympics, took place in Beijing, China from September 6 to 17, 2008. As with the 2008 Summer Olympics, equestrian events were held in Hong Kong and sailing events in Qingdao.
The 2009 IPC Swimming European Championships was an international swimming competition. It was held in Reykjavik, Iceland and ran from 18 to 24 October. Around 650 athletes from 37 different countries attended. Great Britain finished top of the medal tables with 39 golds and 94 medals, both greater than any other country.
Later in 2009 Young travelled to Rio de Janeiro to take part in the IPC Swimming World Championships - short course. There he won two further international medals, the silver in his favoured 100m backstroke S8 and bronze in the 100m breaststroke SB7.The next year he travelled to Eindhoven with the British team to participate in the 2010 IPC Swimming World Championships. This would be Young's most impressive international tournament, winning three medals including a gold in the 400m Freestyle S8. His other two medals were both bronze, won in the 100m backstroke S8 and the 200m Individual Medley SM8. In 2011 he attended his second European Championship, this time in Berlin. There he won a gold and a bronze.
The 2009 IPC Swimming World Championships 25 m were held from 29 November – 5 December in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It was the first ever world-level short course paralympic swimming competition organised by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC).
In swimming, the term short course is used to identify a pool that is 25 metres (27.34 yd) in length. The term is also often included in meet names when conducted in a short course pool. "Short course" is the second type of pool configuration currently recognized by FINA and other swimming bodies for pool competition; the other/primary pool length being "long course", where the pool is 50 meters in length. Olympic and the World Aquatics Championships are conducted in a long course pool.
The 2010 IPC Swimming World Championships was an international swimming competition, the biggest meet for athletes with a disability since the 2008 Summer Paralympics. It was held in Eindhoven, Netherlands and lasted from 14 to 21 August.
In 2012 Young was selected for the Great Britain team to compete at the 2012 Summer Paralympics in London. He had high hopes going into the games and expected podium finishes in some of his seven events. He qualified for the finals in all his events bar the 200m individual medley SM8. Young finished 6th in the 100m freestyle S8 and 7th in the 50m freestyle S8. Despite qualifying in 1st place in the heats, the British team finished 5th in the 4 × 100m freestyle relay 34pts. Young was also fifth in the 100 m breaststroke SB7. In his stronger events, the 400 metre freestyle S8 and the 100 metre backstroke S8 he finished fourth in both; beaten by fellow team-mates Sam Hynd and Oliver Hynd to the bronze medal places.
Great Britain competed at the 2012 Summer Paralympics in London, United Kingdom, from 29 August to 9 September 2012 as the host nation. A total of 288 athletes were selected to compete along with 13 other team members such as sighted guides. The country finished third in the medals table, behind China and Russia, winning 120 medals in total; 34 gold, 43 silver and 43 bronze. Multiple medallists included cyclist Sarah Storey and wheelchair athlete David Weir, who won four gold medals each, and swimmer Stephanie Millward who won a total of five medals. Storey also became the British athlete with the most overall medals, 22, and equal-most gold medals, 11, in Paralympic Games history.
The men's 200m ind. medley SM8 event at the 2012 Summer Paralympics took place at the London Aquatics Centre on 5 September. There were three heats; the swimmers with the eight fastest times advanced to the final.
The men's 100m freestyle S8 event at the 2012 Summer Paralympics took place at the London Aquatics Centre on 6 September. There were two heats; the swimmers with the eight fastest times advanced to the final.
Matthew John Cowdrey is an Australian swimmer and politician. He presently holds numerous world records. He has a congenital amputation of his left arm; it stops just below the elbow. Cowdrey competed at the 2004 Paralympic Games, 2006 Commonwealth Games, 2008 Paralympic Games, 2010 Commonwealth Games, and the 2012 Paralympic Games. After the 2012 London Games, he is the most successful Australian Paralympian, having won thirteen Paralympic gold medals and twenty three Paralympic medals in total. On 10 February 2015, Cowdrey announced his retirement from swimming.
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