Thomas de Montpellier (died after 1347) was a fourteenth-century Anglo-French judge and Crown official, much of whose career was spent in Ireland. He held a number of important lay and clerical offices including Dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Chancellor of the Exchequer of Ireland and, briefly, Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer.
The British people, or the Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, and the Crown dependencies. British nationality law governs modern British citizenship and nationality, which can be acquired, for instance, by descent from British nationals. When used in a historical context, "British" or "Britons" can refer to the Celtic Britons, the indigenous inhabitants of Great Britain and Brittany, whose surviving members are the modern Welsh people, Cornish people, and Bretons. It may also refer to citizens of the former British Empire.
The French are an ethnic group and nation who are identified with the country of France. This connection may be ethnic, legal, historical, or cultural.
Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
His family, who probably came to England from Montpellier in France in the late thirteenth century, had a tradition of service to Edward I; Thomas himself is recorded as being in the service of the Crown by 1307, and in his official capacity he visited Ireland on several occasions.Peter de Montpellier, who was Royal Physician to the English Court from c.1303 to the end of the reign of Edward II, was probably Thomas's brother or cousin.
Montpellier is a city near the south coast of France on the Mediterranean Sea. It is the capital of the Hérault department.It is located in the Occitanie region. In 2014, 589,610 people lived in the urban area and 275,318 in the city itself. Nearly one third of the population are students from three universities and from three higher education institutions that are outside the university framework in the city.
Edward II, also called Edward of Carnarvon, was King of England from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327. The fourth son of Edward I, Edward became the heir apparent to the throne following the death of his elder brother Alphonso. Beginning in 1300, Edward accompanied his father on campaigns to pacify Scotland, and in 1306 was knighted in a grand ceremony at Westminster Abbey. Following his father's death, Edward succeeded to the throne in 1307. He married Isabella of France, the daughter of the powerful King Philip IV, in 1308, as part of a long-running effort to resolve tensions between the English and French crowns.
He became a prebendary in the Diocese of Ossory in 1318 and subsequently prebendary of Lusk; he was appointed Dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, about 1338.
A prebendary is a senior member of clergy, normally supported by the revenues from an estate or parish.
Lusk is a small town in Fingal, Ireland. The town is located about 23 km (14 mi) north of Dublin city centre.
He was appointed Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer in 1327 but seems only to have served for a few months. He was made Chancellor of the Irish Exchequer the following year. In 1335 he returned to the Court of Exchequer (Ireland) as second baron but quickly transferred to the Court of Common Pleas (Ireland). He went to England in 1341 and was removed from the Bench: whether this was at his own wish or not is unclear.He was still Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral in 1347, but nothing seems to be known of him after that date.
The Court of Exchequer (Ireland) was one of the senior courts of common law in Ireland. It was the mirror image of the equivalent court in England. The Court of Exchequer was one of the four royal courts of justice which gave their name to the building which is still called the Four Courts in Dublin.
The Court of Common Pleas was one of the principal courts of common law in Ireland. It was a mirror image of the equivalent court in England. It was one of the four courts of justice that gave the Four Courts in Dublin its name.
Saint Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin, Ireland, founded in 1191, is the National Cathedral of the Church of Ireland. With its 43-metre (141 ft) spire, St. Patrick's is the tallest church in Ireland and the largest. Christ Church Cathedral, also a Church of Ireland cathedral in Dublin, is designated as the local Cathedral of the diocese of Dublin and Glendalough.
The office of Lord High Chancellor of Ireland was the highest judicial office in Ireland until the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922. From 1721 to 1801, it was also the highest political office of the Irish Parliament: the Chancellor was Speaker of the Irish House of Lords. The Lord Chancellor was also Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of Ireland. In all three respects, the office mirrored the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
The Dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral is the senior cleric of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, elected by the chapter of the cathedral. The office was created in 1219 or 1220, by one of several charters granted to the cathedral by Archbishop Henry de Loundres between 1218 and 1220.
Walter de Islip was an English-born cleric, statesman and judge in fourteenth-century Ireland. He was the first Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer; he also held the office of Treasurer of Ireland, and numerous clerical benefices. His career was damaged by accusations of corruption and maladministration.
Adam de Harvington or de Herwynton (c.1270-c.1345) was a fourteenth-century Crown official and judge who had a successful career in both England and Ireland. He held office as Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer and Chancellor of the Exchequer and acquired considerable wealth.
Nicholas de Balscote was an English-born official and judge in fourteenth-century Ireland. He achieved high judicial office, but his career was later ruined by a quarrel with King Edward II.
William de Meones was an English-born cleric and judge in fourteenth-century Ireland', who was the second Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer. Today he is chiefly remembered for giving his name to the Dublin suburb of Rathmines.
Robert Sutton was an Irish judge and Crown official. During a career which lasted almost 60 years he served the English Crown in a variety of offices, notably as Deputy to the Lord Chancellor of Ireland, Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer, Master of the Rolls in Ireland, and Deputy Treasurer of Ireland. A warrant dated 1423 praised him for his "long and laudable" service to the Crown.
Thomas de Everdon (c.1320–1413) was an English-born cleric and judge, who was a trusted Crown official in Ireland for several decades.
Thomas Minot was an English-born cleric. He was Archbishop of Dublin from 1363 to 1375. He is chiefly remembered for his extensive restoration works to St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin. In particular he built the cathedral's tower, which is still called Minot's Tower.
John de Burnham was an English-born judge and Crown official who spent much of his career in Ireland. He held office as Lord High Treasurer of Ireland and Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer. He spent many years trying to clear himself of charges of corruption, which seem to have been the invention of malicious colleagues.
Hugh de Burgh was a Crown official and judge in fourteenth-century Ireland, who held the offices of Lord High Treasurer of Ireland and Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer. He was praised for his good service to the English Crown, but was also accused of maladministration.
William de Karlell was an English-born judge, administrator and cleric in fourteenth-century Ireland. He held numerous benefices including Archdeacon of Meath and Rector of Youghal, and sat in the Irish House of Commons. After many years as a Baron of the Court of Exchequer (Ireland) served briefly as Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer. He is buried in St Canice's Cathedral, Kilkenny.
Edward Worth was a Church of Ireland Bishop of Killaloe, mainly remembered now as the founder of the Blue Coat School for the poor boys of Cork.
John de Troye was a Welsh-born Crown official and judge in fourteenth century Ireland, who held the offices of Chancellor of the Exchequer of Ireland and Lord Treasurer of Ireland. He was also a leading ecclesiastic, whose most senior office was Chancellor of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin.
John de Karlell was an English-born cleric and judge in fourteenth-century Ireland. He became Chancellor of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, after a contest with his fellow judge Walter de Brugge.
Thomas atte Crosse was an English cleric, Crown official and judge who had a highly successful career in both England and Ireland.
Walter de Brugge, or Walter de Brigge was an English-born clergyman and judge in fourteenth-century Ireland; much of his career was spent in the service of the Earl of March. He is mainly remembered now as the first person known to have owned a copy of the celebrated poem Piers Plowman.
Thomas Bache was an Anglo-Italian cleric and judge who held high office in Ireland in the late fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries: he served one term as Lord High Treasurer of Ireland and three terms as Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer.
Robert de Faryngton, or de Farrington was an English-born cleric, judge and statesman who became Lord High Treasurer of Ireland. As a cleric he was notorious for pluralism, but he enjoyed the trust of three successive English monarchs.