Thora B. Gardiner (March 17, 1884 - November 13, 1953) was an America club woman.
Thora B. Gardiner was born in Holum, Iceland, on March 17, 1884, the daughter of Benedict Johnson and Thorbjorg Arnadottir. The family moved to the United States in 1901.
Holum is a former municipality in Vest-Agder county, Norway. The 116-square-kilometre (45 sq mi) municipality existed from 1838 until its dissolution in 1964. The administrative centre was the village of Krossen where Holum Church is located. The municipality was located in the northern part of the present-day municipality of Mandal.
Thora B. Gardiner was active in civic, club and church affairs. During and after the war, she was the secretary of the County Chapter of the American Red Cross.
The American Red Cross (ARC), also known as The American National Red Cross, is a humanitarian organization that provides emergency assistance, disaster relief, and disaster preparedness education in the United States. It is the designated US affiliate of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and the United States movement to the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.
She was on the school board and was instrumental in the founding the Oregon City High School, Barclay School, Eastham School and the merging of Park Place District with Oregon City and the founding of the Park Place School and the addition for the Mt. Pleasant School.One of the Middle school (grades 6-8) of the Oregon City School District, founded in 1954, is named after Thora B. Gardiner.
Oregon City High School is a public high school in the northwest United States in Oregon City, Oregon, a suburb south of Portland. It is the third-most populated high school in Oregon.
The Oregon City School District is a school district that serves the city of Oregon City, Oregon and some unincorporated areas of southwestern Clackamas County, including the hamlet of Beavercreek and the community of Jennings Lodge, which is physically separated from the rest of the district by the Gladstone School District.
She was the President of the Oregon City Women's Club and Vice-president and Secretary of the Clackamas County Public Health Association.
The General Federation of Women's Clubs (GFWC), founded in 1890 during the Progressive Movement, is a federation of over 3,000 women's clubs in the United States which promote civic improvements through volunteer service. Many of its activities and service projects are done independently by local clubs through their communities or GFWC's national partnerships. GFWC maintains nearly 100,000 members throughout the United States and internationally. GFWC remains one of the world's largest and oldest nonpartisan, nondenominational, women's volunteer service organizations.
She was a member of the Order of the Eastern Star, Parent-Teacher Association, American Yeoman, St. Pauls Episcopal Church, Auxiliary and Alter Guild.
The Order of the Eastern Star is a Masonic appendant body open to both men and women. It was established in 1850 by lawyer and educator Rob Morris, a noted Freemason, but was only adopted and approved as an appendant body of the Masonic Fraternity in 1873. The order is based on teachings from the Bible, but is open to people of all religious beliefs. It has approximately 10,000 chapters in twenty countries and approximately 500,000 members under its General Grand Chapter.
Thora B. Gardiner moved to Oregon in 1912 and lived at 1305 J. Q. Adams St., Oregon City, Oregon.
Oregon City is the county seat of Clackamas County, Oregon, United States, located on the Willamette River near the southern limits of the Portland metropolitan area. Established in 1829 by the Hudson's Bay Company, in 1844 it became the first U.S. city west of the Rocky Mountains to be incorporated.
On November 7, 1901, in Hamilton, North Dakota, she married Frederick William Gardiner and had three children: Benedict Edward "Ned" Gardiner, Frederick William Gardiner, Rosemary Gardiner Keeney.
She died on November 13, 1953, and is buried at Mountain View Cemetery, Oregon City.
1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1884th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 884th year of the 2nd millennium, the 84th year of the 19th century, and the 5th year of the 1880s decade. As of the start of 1884, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
Kingsley is a city in Plymouth County, Iowa, United States within Garfield Township. The population was 1,411 at the 2010 census. The city was originally known as the village Quorn, which was founded by two brothers, Frederick and William B. Close. Quorn was named after the Quorn Hunt in England. The village was later relocated to a different part of Iowa and named Kingsley due to a railroad not going through the original area. The railroad was designed by the Chicago and North Western Transportation Company. Kingsley was founded on January 15, 1884 and the centennial celebration was held in June 1984. Kingsley includes organizations, recreational activities, and a local government consisting of a mayor and a city council. The schools are an elementary school and a high school, with the middle school being located in Pierson, Iowa.
The Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) is a lineage-based membership service organization for women who are directly descended from a person involved in the United States' efforts towards independence. A non-profit group, they promote historic preservation, education, and patriotism. The organization's membership is limited to direct lineal descendants of soldiers or others of the Revolutionary period who aided the cause of independence; applicants must have reached 18 years of age and are reviewed at the chapter level for admission. It has 185,000 members in the United States and other countries. Its motto is "God, Home, and Country."
Goli Ameri is an American diplomat and businesswoman. She is the co-founder of a mobile technology platform called StartitUp, which provides resources to aspiring entrepreneurs. She is the former Under Secretary General for Humanitarian Values and Diplomacy for the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. She is also the former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs. She ran for the U.S. House of Representatives as a Republican in 2004, and is a former U.S. Representative to the United Nations. She serves on the board of trustees of the international NGO Freedom House, as well as on the Center for Middle East Public Policy advisory board of the RAND Corporation, a group of public and private sector leaders that provide guidance and support for RAND's Middle East research.
Mary Church Terrell was one of the first African-American women to earn a college degree, and became known as a national activist for civil rights and suffrage. She taught in the Latin Department at the M Street school —the first African American public high school in the nation—in Washington, DC. In 1896, she was the first African-American woman in the United States to be appointed to the school board of a major city, serving in the District of Columbia until 1906. Terrell was a charter member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (1909) and the Colored Women's League of Washington (1894). She also helped found the National Association of Colored Women (1896) and served as its first national president, and she also was a founding member of the National Association of College Women (1910).
Mary Burnett Talbert was an American orator, activist, suffragist and reformer. Called "the best known Colored Woman in the United States," Talbert was among the most prominent African Americans of her time. In 2005, Talbert was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.
David Preston Thompson was an American businessman and politician in the Pacific Northwest. He was governor of the Idaho Territory from 1875 to 1876. A native of Ohio, he immigrated to the Oregon Territory in 1853. In Oregon, Thompson would become a wealthy business man, and served in the Oregon Legislative Assembly, as both a Republican and a Democrat, both before and after his time in Idaho, with election to both chambers of the legislature.
Jane Cunningham Croly was an American author and journalist, better known by her pseudonym, Jennie June. She was a pioneer author and editor of women's columns in leading newspapers and magazines in New York. She founded the Sorosis club for women in New York in 1868 and in 1889 expanded it nationwide to the General Federation of Women's Clubs. She also founded the Woman's Press Club of New York City.
Norma Jean Paulus was an American lawyer and politician in the state of Oregon. A native of Nebraska, she was raised in Eastern Oregon before becoming a lawyer. A Republican, she first held political office as a representative in the Oregon House of Representatives, and then became the first woman elected to statewide public office in Oregon when she became Oregon Secretary of State in 1977. Paulus later served as Oregon Superintendent of Public Instruction for nine years. She made unsuccessful bids to become Governor of Oregon and United States Senator. Prior to her death on February 28, 2019, Paulus lived in Portland, where she was involved with several non-profit groups and sponsored a ballot measure to create open primaries in Oregon's statewide elections.
Asa Bird Gardiner was a controversial American soldier, attorney, and district attorney for New York County from 1898 to 1900.
Robert Hallowell Gardiner III was an Episcopal layman and ecumenist, head of the Brotherhood of St. Andrew and one of the founders of the World Council of Churches. A prominent lawyer in Maine and Boston until his retirement for health reasons, he was the great-grandson of Dr. Silvester Gardiner, the founder of Gardiner, Maine, and a trustee for the Gardiner Lyceum school and the Roxbury Latin School.
Ella Lillian Davis Browne Mahammitt was a journalist, civil rights activist, and women's rights activist from Omaha, Nebraska. She was editor of the black weekly The Enterprise, president of Omaha's Colored Women's Club, and an officer of local branches of the Afro-American League. On a national stage, in 1895 she was vice-president of the National Federation of Afro-American Women headed by Margaret James Murray, and in 1896 was a committee member of the successor organization, the National Association of Colored Women under president Mary Church Terrell.
Christopher Hallowell Phillips was an American diplomat and politician who served as United States Ambassador to Brunei and was a member of the Massachusetts Senate.
Sarah Wool Moore (1846–1911) was an artist and art teacher, as well as a language instructor, who was the first director of the Art Department at the University of Nebraska and founded the Nebraska Art Association. After leaving Nebraska, she taught in New York City. Disturbed by the intolerance shown to Italian immigrants, Moore worked as secretary of the New York Society for Italian Immigrants. In that capacity, she founded and taught at several language schools in New York and Pennsylvania to facilitate Italian immigrants learning of English. She also wrote English-Italian handbooks to help immigrants quickly learn the language they would use on a daily basis.
Christine Shoecraft Smith was an African-American community worker began her career as the assistant principal of the Alabama State Normal and Industrial School. She married an AME minister, who would become a bishop in the church and assisted him as the manager of the press organ of the Sunday School Union. She worked in many clubs and served as the 13th president of the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs (NACWC).
Augusta Cottlow was an American pianist of the early 20th century, and a child musical prodigy in the 1880s.
Oda Hunt Faulconer was an early 20th century lawyer and judge and the president of the Bank of Italy, San Fernando, and West Adams State Bank, Los Angeles.
Adagerta "Ada" G. Jordan Pray, B.L., was a composer, teacher and concert singer, the director of the Ada Jordan Pray Music School.