Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire

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The "Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire" (abbreviated as TFEQ) is a questionnaire often applied in food intake-behavior related research.
It goes back to its publication in 1985 by Albert J. Stunkard and Samuel Messick. [1]

The TFEQ contains 51 items (questions) and measures three dimensions of human eating behavior:

Each item scores either 0 or 1 point. The minimum score for factors I-II-III is therefore 0-0-0, the possible maximum score 21-16-14. There exist revised versions of this scale with reduced numbers of items: the TFEQ-R18 with 18 items [2] [3] and the TFEQ-R21 with 21 items. [4]

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  1. Stunkard AJ, Messick S. The three-factor eating questionnaire to measure dietary restraint, disinhibition and hunger. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 1985;29(1):71-83. ScienceDirect
  2. de Lauzon B, Romon M, Deschamps V, Lafay L, Borys JM, Karlsson J, Ducimetière P, Charles MA; Fleurbaix Laventie Ville Sante Study Group. The Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R18 is able to distinguish among different eating patterns in a general population. J Nutr. 2004;134(9):2372-80.
  3. Anglé S, Engblom J, Eriksson T, Kautiainen S, Saha MT, Lindfors P, Lehtinen M, Rimpelä A. Three factor eating questionnaire-R18 as a measure of cognitive restraint, uncontrolled eating and emotional eating in a sample of young Finnish females. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2009;6:41.
  4. Cappelleri JC, Bushmakin AG, Gerber RA, Leidy NK, Sexton CC, Lowe MR, Karlsson J. Psychometric analysis of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R21: results from a large diverse sample of obese and non-obese participants. Int J Obes (Lond). 2009;33(6):611-20.