Thruepang Palace

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Thruepang Palace is a royal dzong (a form of fortress) in Trongsa District, Bhutan. The royal government of Bhutan considers it to be a historic building. [1]

Dzong architecture kind of fortress

Dzong architecture is a distinctive type of fortress architecture found mainly in Bhutan and Tibetan areas of China. The architecture is massive in style with towering exterior walls surrounding a complex of courtyards, temples, administrative offices, and monks' accommodation.

Trongsa District dzongkhag

Trongsa District is one of the districts of Bhutan. It is the most central district of Bhutan and the geographic centre of Bhutan is located within it at Trongsa Dzong.

Bhutan Landlocked kingdom in Eastern Himalayas

Bhutan, officially the Kingdom of Bhutan, is a landlocked country in South Asia. Located in the Eastern Himalayas, it is bordered by Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north, the Sikkim state of India and the Chumbi Valley of Tibet in the west, the Arunachal Pradesh state of India in the east, and the states of Assam and West Bengal in the south. Bhutan is geopolitically in South Asia and is the region's second least populous nation after the Maldives. Thimphu is its capital and largest city, while Phuntsholing is its financial center.

Contents

History

Early history

Located on the hillside, the palace was considered crucial in establishing control in the early days of the kingdom. [2]

The dzong (fortress) portion was constructed in 1648. The first and second kings used the fortress to rule the kingdom from this crucial position.

Modern history

It is the birthplace of the third Druk Gyalpo (King) Jigme Dorji Wangchuck of Bhutan in 1928. [3] He spent is early days growing up in the palace.

Druk Gyalpo head of state of Bhutan

The Druk Gyalpo is the head of state of the Kingdom of Bhutan. In the Dzongkha language, Bhutan is known as Drukyul which translates as "The Land of the Thunder Dragon". Thus, while Kings of Bhutan are known as Druk Gyalpo, the Bhutanese people call themselves the Drukpa, meaning "Dragon people".

Jigme Dorji Wangchuck King of Bhutan

Jigme Dorji Wangchuck was the Druk Gyalpo of Bhutan.

This was a secondary resident and served as a, but not main, royal palace for the second Druk Gyalpo (king) Jigme Wangchuck and Queen Ashi Puntsho Choden. [4] The Trhruepang Palace currently is still in use as a winter royal palace for the current king Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck. [5]

Jigme Wangchuck King of Bhutan

Jigme Wangchuck was the Druk Gyalpo or king of Bhutan from 21 August 1926, until his death. He was the eldest son of King Ugyen Wangchuck and was educated in English, Hindi and Buddhist literature.

Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck King of Bhutan

Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, born 21 February 1980, is the current reigning Druk Gyalpo or "Dragon King" of the Kingdom of Bhutan. After his father Jigme Singye Wangchuck abdicated the throne in his favour, he became King on 9 December 2006. A public coronation ceremony was held on 6 November 2008, an auspicious year that marked 100 years of monarchy in Bhutan.

It is customary that any and future kings of Bhutan to serve as governor of the village, with his residence in the palace, before ascension to the throne. [6]

Description

Location

The dzong is located on the hillside overlooking the village of Thruepang within the Nubi gewog village block in the district of Trongsa. Not far from the palace is the local market place. [7] The palace sits upon a hill that leads straight to the Thruepang village.

Nubi Gewog Gewog in Trongsa District, Bhutan

Nubi Gewog is a gewog of Trongsa District, Bhutan.

Gewogs of Bhutan

A gewog, in the past also spelled as geog, refers to a group of villages in Bhutan. The head of a gewog is called a gup. Gewogs form a geographic administrative unit below dzongkhag districts, and above Dzongkhag Thromde class B and Yenlag Thromde municipalities. Dzongkhag Thromde class A municipalities have their own independent local government body.

Travel from the capital Thimpu requires 192 kilometers of travel and 8 hours of time. [8]

Architecture

The palace largely can be attributed a large house rather than a full scale palace. There are 2 stories palace that sits on 10 acres of land.

Festivals

Tschechu is a religious festival that brings people from all walks of life to Trongska. This festival, the one hosted here, also honors the establishment of the roots of the kingdom by the first and second kings of Bhutan. Dates of the event occurs on the tenth day of a month (not specified) of the Tibetan calendar. In 2011, the event occurred on January 2 to January 4. [9]

Related Research Articles

History of Bhutan aspect of history

Bhutan's early history is steeped in mythology and remains obscure. Some of the structures provide evidence that the region has been settled as early as 2000 BC. According to a legend it was ruled by a Cooch-Behar king, Sangaldip, around the 7th century BC, but not much is known prior to the introduction of Tibetan Buddhism in the 9th century, when turmoil in Tibet forced many monks to flee to Bhutan. In the 12th century, the Drukpa Kagyupa school was established and remains the dominant form of Buddhism in Bhutan today. The country's political history is intimately tied to its religious history and relations among the various monastic schools and monasteries.

Jigme Singye Wangchuck King of Bhutan 1972–2006

Jigme Singye Wangchuck is the former king of Bhutan from 1972 until his abdication in favor of his eldest son, Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, in 2006. He is credited with many modern reforms in the country.

Articles related to Bhutan include:

Dechencholing Palace building

Dechencholing Palace is located in Thimphu, the capital of Bhutan, 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) to the north of the Tashichho Dzong and 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) north of the city centre. It was built in 1953 by the third king of Bhutan Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck.

House of Wangchuck dynasty

The House of Wangchuck has ruled Bhutan since it was reunified in 1907. Prior to reunification, the Wangchuck family had governed the district of Trongsa as descendants of Dungkar Choji. They eventually overpowered other regional lords and earned the favour of the British Empire. After consolidating power, the 12th Penlop of Trongsa Gongsar Ugyen Wangchuck was elected Druk Gyalpo, thus founding the royal house. The position of Druk Gyalpo is more commonly known in English as King of Bhutan.

Penlop

Penlop is a Dzongkha term roughly translated as governor. Bhutanese penlops, prior to unification, controlled certain districts of the country, but now hold no administrative office. Rather, penlops are now entirely subservient to the House of Wangchuck.

Princess AshiKesang Choden Wangchuck, is a member of the royal family of Bhutan. She is a daughter of the former King Jigme Singye Wangchuck and Queen Mother Ashi Tshering Pem, one of the former king's four wives, all of whom are sisters and held the title 'queen consort'. She is a half-sister of the current Druk Gyalpo Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, who became king following the abdication of his father Jigme Singye Wangchuck on 9 December 2006.

Penlop of Trongsa Bhutanese royal title

Penlop of Trongsa, also called Chhoetse Penlop, is a Dzongkha title meaning "Governor of the Province of Trongsa (Chhoetse)". It is generally given to the heir apparent of the Kingdom of Bhutan. The most recent holder of the title was King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, who was then a prince. Although the current heir presumptive is Prince Jigyel Ugyen Wangchuck, the title is reserved for the officially designated heir apparent, which is subject to change by the reigning king. Also, the reigning Druk Gyalpo may retain the office or award it to another person after coronation. The proper reference style is His Royal Highness Trongsa (Chhoetse) Penlop.

The Raven Crown is worn by the Kings of Bhutan. It is a hat surmounted by the head of a raven.

Trongsa Dzong

Trongsa Dzong is the largest dzong fortress in Bhutan, located in Trongsa in Trongsa district, in the centre of the country. Built on a spur overlooking the gorge of the Mangde River, a temple was first established at the location in 1543 by the Drukpa lama, Ngagi Wangchuk son of Ngawang Chhojey. In 1647, his great-grandson Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal, constructed the first dzong to replace it, called Chökhor Rabtentse Dzong with a shorter version of Choetse Dzong. It was enlarged several times during the 18th century; the Chenrezig Lhakang was built in 1715 and a whole complex, including the Maitreya (Jampa) temple, was added in 1771. The dzong has since been repaired on several occasions; it was damaged during the 1897 Assam earthquake and underwent extensive renovation in 1927 and 1999.

Public holidays in Bhutan consist of both national holidays and local festivals or tshechus. While national holidays are observed throughout Bhutan, tsechus are only observed in their areas. Bhutan uses its own calendar, a variant of the lunisolar Tibetan calendar. Because it is a lunisolar calendar, dates of some national holidays and most tshechus change from year to year. For example, the new year, Losar, generally falls between February and March.

Trongsa Province

Trongsa Province was one of the nine historical Provinces of Bhutan.

Paro Province

Paro Province was one of the nine historical Provinces of Bhutan.

Provinces of Bhutan

The Provinces of Bhutan were historical regions of Bhutan headed by penlops and dzongpens. Provincial lords gained power as the increasingly dysfunctional dual system of government eventually collapsed amid civil war. The victorious Penlop of Trongsa Ugyen Wangchuck gained de jure sovereignty over the entire realm in 1907, marking the establishment of the modern Kingdom of Bhutan and the ascendancy of the House of Wangchuck. Since this time, the provinces of Bhutan have been reorganized several times into what are now the twenty Districts of Bhutan (Dzongkhag). Provincial titles such as Penlop of Trongsa and Penlop of Paro carry on, however, wholly subordinate to the Royal House.

Jigme Namgyal (Bhutan) forefather of the House of Wangchuck

Desi Jigme Namgyal of Bhutan is a forefather of the Wangchuck Dynasty. He served as 48th Druk Desi of Bhutan (1870–1873), and held the hereditary post of 10th Penlop of Trongsa. He was called the Black Ruler.

The Kingdom of Bumthang was one of several small kingdoms within the territory of modern Bhutan before the first consolidation under Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal in 1616. After initial consolidation, the Bumthang Kingdom became Bumthang Province, one of the nine Provinces of Bhutan. The region was roughly analogous to modern day Bumthang District. It was again consolidated into the modern Kingdom of Bhutan in 1907.

Ashi Kesang Choden is the Queen Grandmother of Bhutan. She participates in royal duties of her own accord. She is the only queen grandmother in the world. In Bhutan she is called The Royal Grandmother.

References

  1. Planet, Lonely. "Thruepang Palace in Trongsa, Bhutan". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2017-11-14.
  2. "Trongsa | Tourism Council of Bhutan (Official Website)". www.tourism.gov.bt. Retrieved 2017-11-14.
  3. Bhutan, Tourism Council of. "Thruepang Palace". www.bhutan.travel. Retrieved 2017-11-06.
  4. Tourism Council of Bhutan. "Thruepang Palace". www.bhutan.travel. Retrieved 2017-11-14.
  5. Planet, Lonely; Mayhew, Bradley; Brown, Lindsay (2017-03-01). Lonely Planet Bhutan. Lonely Planet. ISBN   9781787010192.
  6. "Trongsa Tshechu | Tourism Council of Bhutan (Official Website)". www.tourism.gov.bt. Retrieved 2017-11-14.
  7. "Bhutan Cultural Atlas - Thruepang Palace". www.bhutanculturalatlas.org. Retrieved 2017-11-06.
  8. "Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 2017-11-14.
  9. Tshering, Ugen. "Bhutan Festival Dates". Windhorse Tours. Retrieved 2017-11-14.