Pu Thuam Hang (born 1870),chief of Khuasak, was the first Christian convert among the Zomi (Chin) in Chin State, Burma.
Conversion to Christianity is a process of religious conversion in which a previously non-Christian person converts to Christianity. Converts to Christianity typically make a vow of repentance from past sins, accept Jesus as their Savior and vow to follow his teachings as found in the New Testament.
Chin State is a state in western Myanmar. The 36,019-square-kilometre (13,907 sq mi) Chin State is bordered by Sagaing Division and Magway Division to the east, Rakhine State to the south, Bangladesh to the south-west, and the Indian states of Mizoram to the west and Manipur to the north. The population of Chin state is about 478,801 in 2014 census. The capital of the state is Hakha. The state is a mountainous region with few transportation links. Chin State is sparsely populated and remains one of the least developed areas of the country. Chin State has the highest poverty rate of 73% as per the released figures from the first official survey.The official radio broadcasting dialect of Chin is Falam. There are 53 different subtribe and languages in Chin State. There are nine townships in Chin State. Hakha, Thantlang, Falam, Tedim, Tonzang, Matupi, Mindat, Kanpetlet and Paletwa townships. In 1926,it became a part of Pakokku Hill Tracts Districts of British Burma until 1948,January 4.
Reverend Arthur E. Carlson and Mrs. Laura Carlson, Swedish-American Baptist missionaries, came to Hakha, Chin State, Burma, in 1899. This couple sent a Kayin pastor named Saya Shwe Zan to Khuasak, to preach about Christianity, as they had heard that the Sizang people could understand the Burmese language. Pu Thuam Hang was at first reluctant to convert, as he was concerned over the resulting loss of social and economic status.Two of his sons suffered from illnesses; after one was cured by Dr. Eric Hjalmar East, and the other apparently miraculously, Pu Thuam Hang was converted. Dr. East baptized Pu Thuam Hang and Thuam Hang's wife on May 15, 1905 along with Pu Pau Suan. Pu Thuam Hang was later ordained.
A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to promote their faith or perform ministries of service, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care, and economic development. The word "mission" originates from 1598 when the Jesuits sent members abroad, derived from the Latin missionem, meaning "act of sending" or mittere, meaning "to send". The word was used in light of its biblical usage; in the Latin translation of the Bible, Christ uses the word when sending the disciples to preach The gospel in his name. The term is most commonly used for Christian missions, but can be used for any creed or ideology.
Hakha is the capital of Chin State in Myanmar
The Karen, Kayin, Kariang or Yang people are an ethnolinguistic group of Sino-Tibetan language-speaking ethnic groups. The group as a whole is heterogeneous and disparate as many Karen ethnic groups do not associate or identify with each other culturally or linguistically. These Karen groups reside primarily in Kayin State, southern and southeastern Myanmar. The Karen make up approximately 7% of the total Burmese population with approximately five million people. A large number of Karen have migrated to Thailand, having settled mostly on the Thailand–Myanmar border. A few Karen have settled in Andaman and Nicobar islands, India and other South-East Asian and East Asian countries.
The Chin people are one of the major ethnic nationalities in Burma. The Chin are one of the founding groups of the Union of Burma. Chin is the primary ethnic group of the Chin State, who have many related languages, cultures and traditions. According to BBC News, "The Chin people... are one of the most persecuted minority groups in Burma." The largest ethnic group of the Chin people are the Zomi. These people predominantly live in the Chin State, Bago Division, Ayeyarwady Division, Magwe Division, Rakhine State and Sagaing Region of Myanmar, but are also spread throughout Burma, Bangladesh and India as refugee. In the 2014 Burmese ethnic census, the Chin ethnicity was again dismissed by the people of the Chin State.
The Kukis constitute one of several hill tribes within India, Bangladesh, and Burma. As Chin in the Chin State of Myanmar and as Mizo in the State of Mizoram in India are a number of related Tibeto-Burman tribal peoples spread throughout the northeastern states of India, northwestern Burma, and the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh. In Northeast India, they are present in all states except Arunachal Pradesh. This dispersal across international borders is a culmination of punitive actions made by the British during their occupation of India.
The Siyin (Sizang) people or the Thaute people meaning someone with a stout or sturdy build. Siyin are mainly the descendants of Pu Thuantak as also known as Suantak in Tedim language and related clans, and their adopted sons and daughters. The Siyin Valley is located in the present day Chin State, Burma, founded by the descendants of the Pu Thuantak, when they moved away from their original home of Ciimnuai with other Zo (Chin) people such as the Sukte, Thado, Zou, and other related clans.
Tedim is a town in and the administrative seat of Tedim Township, Chin State, in the north-western part of Burma. It is the second largest town in Chin State. The town's four major boroughs (veng) are: Sakollam, Myoma, Lawibual and Leilum. The population is primarily Zomi.
Siyin Ywa or Thing Unau, also known as Gyothonbin, in Burmese is a large village under the present Sagaing Division of Burma, adjoining to Chin State.
The Zou people or Zomi are an indigenous community living along the frontier of India and Burma, they are a sub-group of the Zo people (Mizo-Kuki-Chin). In India, they live with and are similar in language and habits to the Paite and the Simte peoples. In Burma, the Zou are counted among the Chin people. They are a hill people.
Rezua is a town located in Rezua Township, Mindat District of Chin State, Myanmar (Burma).
Zou or Zokam, or Zo, Zomi, Yo, Yaw, or Jo, is a Northern Kuki-Chin language originating in northwestern Burma and spoken also in Manipur in northeastern India, where the name is spelled Zo.
Vangte or Vangteh is a large village in southern Tedim Township, Falam District, Chin State, in Myanmar. Vangteh is also the name of the village tract where Vangte lies.
Guite is the progenitor clan of Paite people. Mostly the Guite clan speak Paite language. Some known as Paite and also as Mizo in India and as Chins in Myanmar (Burma). Depending on local pronunciation, the clan was also called differently such as Nguite, Vuite, and was also recorded even as Gwete, Gwite, Nwite. In accord with the claim of their solar origin, the Guite clan has been called nampi, meaning noble or major or even dominant people, of the region in local dialect in the past.
The Zo people or Zomi, also known as the Mizo, the Kuki, the Chin and a number of other names, are a large group of related Tibeto-Burman peoples spread throughout the northeastern states of India, northwestern Myanmar (Burma) and the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh. In northeastern India, they are present in: Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur and Assam. This dispersal across international borders resulted from a British colonial policy that drew borders on political grounds rather than ethnic ones.
Zotung Chin is one of the ethnic groups in Chin State in Myanmar also known as Burma. It is located in the southern Chin State. Zotung Mingphuin is a very distinct ethnic people in Burma. It is very difficult to get historical records of this ethnic people as they didn't have written languages for many years. However, it still can be traced back as far as the year 900 AD as there are the names of the places and traditional songs, which reveal the time periods they were composed and the stories of ancient people. These people are from a Tibeto-Burman group and are familiar with all other Chin groups even though they have their own written language which is unintelligible with other neighboring tribes unless they learn it. These people called themselves "Zo Mingphuin" from the early times of their ancestors which can be traced back to 700 years ago. Neighboring tribes from the north and south called them Zo, and the Mara tribe from the west called them Azyu. From 1933, their language was recorded using the Roman alphabet. It was called "Zo Ccaw". Most of these people are farmers and prefer hunting animals for their meals like other Chin groups. In early history, the Zo Mingphuin believed in Khozi as god and they used to pray to Khozi for their health, wealth and sins through Khuarum services. But when the western missionaries entered Chinland, these people converted into Christianity between the 1930s and the present.
The Chin National Front is a Chin nationalist political organization in Myanmar (Burma). According to its website, its armed wing, the Chin National Army (CNA), has fought the government of Myanmar since its founding on 20 March 1988. This ethnic armed resistance organization is fighting to build a genuine Federal Union based on self-determination, ethnic equality, and democracy. The Chin people are one of the four founding members of the Union of Burma.
Khai Kam was a Chin leader who fought the British forces when they invaded Chin Hills/Chin State in the late 19th century. Two years after the British had conquered the Chin Hills, he led a rebellion to overthrow the British administration from Chin Hills. Unsuccessful in his rebellion, Khai Kam was sentenced to life imprisonment on the Andaman Islands in the Indian Ocean. He was released in 1910 and returned to the Chin Hills.
Lairawn Baptist Association(LBA) is the organization of 62 Baptist churches throughout Kalay Valley, Sagaing Division, Myanmar. The majority the Burmese population is made of profess Theravada Buddhism and only 6% practices Christianity, with two-thirds of them being considered Protestant. Almost half of these Protestants are Baptist. The LBA mainly serves the Chin people who speak Falam dialect. It is one of the twenty eight associations of Chin Baptist Convention which is under the umbrella of Myanmar Baptist Convention (MBC). As of 2015, the association has 78 pastors and 21305 members. The association is divided into 12 areas and each area has their own by-law and constitution, but they work together with each other in unity in the context of LBA, encouraging and resourcing each other.
The Khup Lian Inscription is a bi-lingual inscription located at the top of Lophei village in Chin State, Myanmar. It is located 5 miles from the well-known Fort White which in turn is located at halfway between the 48-mile Tedim-Kalaymyo motor car road. The inscription is a brief autobiography of him, including his genealogy, the capture of a semi-automatic rifle in a hand-to-hand combat with a British soldier during the first British invasion of Chin Hills in the year of 1888-1889, his involvement in the Sizang-Gungal rebellion of 1892-94 and also about his hunting trophies. The inscription is written in both Burmese and English.
Chin Baptist Convention, Myanmar was established in 1953 and located in Falam, Chin State, Myanmar. Today, the Chin Baptist Convention is the largest organization in Chin State consisting of 28 Associations and is also the second largest member body of the Myanmar Baptist Convention after the Karen Baptist Convention.
Fort Siallum is a defensive fort in Chin State, Myanmar built during the British annexation of Chin Hills, Myanmar. The fort was built by the Chin (Sizang) in the year of 1889 and located near Voklak village in Tedim Township, Myanmar.