Thuli Brilliance Makama

Last updated
Thuli Brilliance Makama
OccupationEnvironmental attorney
Awards Goldman Environmental Prize (2010)

Thuli Brilliance Makama is a Swazi environmental attorney. She is a Lawyer and the Executive Director of the green group Yonge Nawe/ Friends of the Earth Swaziland, an environmental organization that focuses on environmental justice. [1] [2] She was awarded the Goldman Environmental Prize in 2010. [3] Being the Attorney of public interest for the environment in Swaziland, Thuli has strived to guarantee that the opinions of the local community are taken into account while making decisions concerning the environment [4] .Thuli is Oil Change International's senior advisor for Africa, providing strategic direction and campaign support for the organization's work in the continent. [5] [6]


When the Swaziland Environment Authority Act was initially passed in 1992, there was a serious consideration given to the involvement of the public in decisions that would have an impact on the environment. In 2002, when this act was modified, the essence of public participation was fortified with a specific provision that mandated the inclusion of one representative from an environmental NGO in the Swaziland Environment Authority management board. However, the first minister of environment tasked with implementing this provision chose to disregard the law and exclude NGOs. Despite the pressure from Makama and her organization, Yonge Nawe Environmental Action Group, the minister refused to comply with the law. Faced with the alarming possibility that this disobedience could establish a precedent for future ministers, Makama and her organization decided to contest the minister’s actions in Swaziland’s highest court. In April 2009, three years into the lawsuit, the High Court of Swaziland supported Makama's stance and ruled that the Management Board of the Swaziland Environment Authority, as nominated by the environment minister, was unlawfully constituted. The court’s verdict ensures that environmental groups will now have a place on the Management Board, where they will be able to oversee the actions of the Environment Authority and include the legitimate perspective of the environmental justice movement in their discussions. The positive high court ruling has given hope to the local communities living near privately owned game reserves, that their struggles may finally be acknowledged by the appropriate authorities. [7] [8]


Thuli was named one of the winners of the most prestigious environmental award, The Goldman Prize in 2010 [9] [10]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Goldman Environmental Prize</span> Award

The Goldman Environmental Prize is a prize awarded annually to grassroots environmental activists, one from each of the world's six geographic regions: Africa, Asia, Europe, Islands and Island Nations, North America, and South and Central America. The award is given by the Goldman Environmental Foundation headquartered in San Francisco, California. It is also called the Green Nobel.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Water industry</span> Drinking and wastewater services

The water industry provides drinking water and wastewater services to residential, commercial, and industrial sectors of the economy. Typically public utilities operate water supply networks. The water industry does not include manufacturers and suppliers of bottled water, which is part of the beverage production and belongs to the food sector.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Environmental policy</span> Government efforts protecting the natural environment

Environmental policy is the commitment of an organization or government to the laws, regulations, and other policy mechanisms concerning environmental issues. These issues generally include air and water pollution, waste management, ecosystem management, maintenance of biodiversity, the management of natural resources, wildlife and endangered species. For example, concerning environmental policy, the implementation of an eco-energy-oriented policy at a global level to address the issues of global warming and climate changes could be addressed. Policies concerning energy or regulation of toxic substances including pesticides and many types of industrial waste are part of the topic of environmental policy. This policy can be deliberately taken to influence human activities and thereby prevent undesirable effects on the biophysical environment and natural resources, as well as to make sure that changes in the environment do not have unacceptable effects on humans.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sustainable forest management</span> Management of forests according to the principles of sustainable development

Sustainable forest management (SFM) is the management of forests according to the principles of sustainable development. Sustainable forest management has to keep the balance between three main pillars: ecological, economic and socio-cultural. Sustainable forestry can seem contradicting to some individuals as the act of logging trees is not sustainable. However, the goal of sustainable forestry is to allow for a balance to be found between ethical forestry and maintaining biodiversity through the means of maintaining natural patterns of disturbance and regeneration. The forestry industry mitigates climate change by boosting carbon storage in growing trees and soils and improving the sustainable supply of renewable raw materials via sustainable forest management. Successfully achieving sustainable forest management will provide integrated benefits to all, ranging from safeguarding local livelihoods to protecting biodiversity and ecosystems provided by forests, reducing rural poverty and mitigating some of the effects of climate change. Forest conservation is essential to stop climate change.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Von Hernandez</span>

Von Hernandez is a leading environmental activist from the Philippines. He was Executive Director of Greenpeace Southeast Asia (GPSEA) from 2008 to 2014, where he led the environmental group's programs and operations in the Southeast Asian region. Prior to that, he served as Campaigns Director for the organization, and was responsible for driving the group's campaigns in Thailand, Indonesia and the Philippines on a number of issues including climate change, forests, sustainable agriculture and toxics pollution. Currently, he serves as Development Director for Greenpeace International.

Isidro Baldenegro López was a farmer and community leader of Mexico's indigenous Tarahumara people in Sierra Madre and an environmental activist who fought against unregulated logging in his region.

Olga Speranskaya is a Russian scientist and environmentalist. She has been the Director of the Chemical Safety Program at the Eco-Accord Center for Environment and Sustainable Development in Moscow since 1997 and holds a master's degree in Geophysics from Moscow State University, and a doctorate in Environmental physics from the Russian Academy of Sciences. From 2010 to 2018, she was a co-chair of the International POPs Elimination Network. Speranskaya has led many campaigns against the use of organic pollutants, fought to ban the burial and transport of hazardous chemicals, and provided information to government decision-makers for policy changes in many different countries.

Wadja Egnankou is a scientist from Côte d'Ivoire, a researcher at the University of Abidjan. He is a botanist, wetland expert and lecturer at the University of Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire. He is also the founder and president of the NGO SOS-FORETS. He received the Goldman Environmental Prize in 1992 for his efforts to protect the mangrove forests of the country.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nnimmo Bassey</span> Nigerian activist

Nnimmo Bassey is a Nigerian architect, environmental activist, author and poet, who chaired Friends of the Earth International from 2008 through 2012 and was executive director of Environmental Rights Action for two decades. He was one of Time magazine's Heroes of the Environment in 2009. In 2010, Nnimmo Bassey was named a Laureate of the Right Livelihood Award, and in 2012, he was awarded the Rafto Prize. He also received an honorary doctorate from the University of York, UK, in 2019. He serves on the advisory board and is Director of the Health of Mother Earth Foundation, an environmental think tank and advocacy organization.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Laila Iskander</span>

Laila Rashed Iskander Kamel is an Egyptian social entrepreneur and politician. She is formerly Egypt's Minister of State for Environment Affairs in the interim government of Prime Minister Hazem El Beblawi.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Samuel Nguiffo</span> Cameroonian lawyer

Samuel Nguiffo is a Cameroonian lawyer. He is manager of the Center for Environment and Development in Yaoundé. He was awarded the Goldman Environmental Prize in 1999, for his efforts on protection of the tropical rainforests of Central Africa.

Michal Kravčík is a Slovak hydrologist and environmentalist. He was awarded the Goldman Environmental Prize in 1999, for his contributions to the management of the Torysa River.

Rudolf Amenga-Etego is a Ghanaian lawyer and environmentalist. He was awarded the Goldman Environmental Prize in 2004, for his efforts in keeping water supplies affordable for the population and campaigning against the privatization of water in Ghana. The main opposition is the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund who are offering loans to the Ghanaian government to improve the water infrastructure across the country. The only drawbacks to these loans are their stipulations requiring the privatization of the water supply.

Maria Elena Foronda Farro is a Peruvian sociologist and environmentalist. She was awarded the Goldman Environmental Prize in 2003, for her campaigns of improving waste treatment from the country's fishmeal industry. She was elected as congresswoman for the region of Ancash in 2016 as a member of The Broad Front for Justice, Life, and Freedom.

Margaret Jacobsohn is a Namibian environmentalist. She was awarded the Goldman Environmental Prize in 1993, jointly with Garth Owen-Smith, for their efforts on conservation of wildlife in rural Namibia.

Diane Wilson is an American environmental activist, an anti-war activist, and an author. In 1989, she was a shrimp boat captain in Calhoun County, Texas, and she saw an Associated Press article saying that the county had the most toxic waste disposal of all counties in America. Wilson began a campaign against Formosa Plastics, a Taiwanese chemical company then building a PVC facility near her town, with tactics including several hunger strikes and sinking her own boat to draw attention to the matter. In 1994 she won "zero discharge" agreements from Formosa and Alcoa.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thuli Madonsela</span> South African public lawyer and anti-apartheid activist

Thulisile Nomkhosi "Thuli" Madonsela is a South African advocate and professor of law, holding a chair in social justice at Stellenbosch University since January 2018. She served as the Public Protector of South Africa from 19 October 2009 to 14 October 2016. In 1996, she helped draft the final constitution of South Africa promulgated by then-President Nelson Mandela.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">China Biodiversity Conservation and Green Development Foundation</span>

The China Biodiversity Conservation and Green Development Foundation (CBCGDF) is a Chinese state-backed environmental organization that works to protect the environment, and preserve natural resources and biodiversity in China. It was established in 1985 as the China Milu Foundation and is registered by the China Association for Science and Technology and the Ministry of Civil Affairs.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chibeze Ezekiel</span>

Chibeze Ezekiel is a Ghanaian environmental activist and a 2020 Goldman Environmental Prize award recipient for Africa. He is known to have challenged the Ghanaian Ministry of Environment to cancel the construction of a coal plant through activism.

The Department of Environment, Parks and Recreation, also referred to as the Environment Unit, is a department overseen by the Ministry of Development. The Pollution Control Guidelines for Industrial Development in Brunei are under the custody of JASTRe.


  1. "Thuli Brilliance Makama | ETC Group". Retrieved 2023-04-18.
  2. "Thuli Makama - Goldman Environmental Prize". 2022-03-18. Retrieved 2023-04-24.
  3. "Thuli Brilliance Makama". Goldman Environmental Prize . Retrieved 10 November 2010.
  4. "Thuli Brilliance Makama | ETC Group". Retrieved 2023-04-18.
  5. "Thuli Brilliance Makama | ETC Group". Retrieved 2023-04-18.
  6. "Thuli Brilliance Makama". Devex. 7 November 2018.
  7. "Thuli Makama - Goldman Environmental Prize". 2022-03-18. Retrieved 2023-04-18.
  8. "Thuli Brilliance Makama | ETC Group". Retrieved 2023-04-18.
  9. "Thuli Makama - Goldman Environmental Prize". 2022-03-18. Retrieved 2023-04-18.
  10. "Thuli Brilliance Makama | ETC Group". Retrieved 2023-04-18.