Thuringian Colour pigeons

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Thuringen Shield (opal) Thuringian shield(0pal).jpg
Thuringen Shield (opal)

The Thuringian Colour pigeons are a group of breeds of fancy pigeons developed over many years of selective breeding. [1] Thuringian Colour pigeons, along with other varieties of domesticated pigeons, are all descendants from the rock pigeon (Columba livia). The breed group is known for several different colours and markings. Varieties include the Thuringian Breast, Thuringian Monk, Thuringian Shield (picture), Thuringian Whitetail and the Thuringian Spot. The breed can be either plain or shell crested, but is always clean-legged. [2]

A breed is a specific group of domestic animals having homogeneous appearance (phenotype), homogeneous behavior, and/or other characteristics that distinguish it from other organisms of the same species. Breeds are formed through genetic isolation and either natural adaptation to the environment or selective breeding, or a combination of the two. Despite the centrality of the idea of "breeds" to animal husbandry and agriculture, no single, scientifically accepted definition of the term exists. A breed is therefore not an objective or biologically verifiable classification but is instead a term of art amongst groups of breeders who share a consensus around what qualities make some members of a given species members of a nameable subset.

Fancy pigeons are a type of domestic pigeons, which are domesticated varieties of the wild rock dove. They are bred by pigeon fanciers for various traits relating to size, shape, color, and behavior, who often exhibit their birds at pigeon shows, fairs and other livestock exhibits.

Selective breeding Process by which humans use animal and plant breeding to selectively develop particular phenotypic traits

Selective breeding is the process by which humans use animal breeding and plant breeding to selectively develop particular phenotypic traits (characteristics) by choosing which typically animal or plant males and females will sexually reproduce and have offspring together. Domesticated animals are known as breeds, normally bred by a professional breeder, while domesticated plants are known as varieties, cultigens, or cultivars. Two purebred animals of different breeds produce a crossbreed, and crossbred plants are called hybrids. Flowers, vegetables and fruit-trees may be bred by amateurs and commercial or non-commercial professionals: major crops are usually the provenance of the professionals.

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References

  1. Levi, Wendell (1977). The Pigeon. Sumter, S.C.: Levi Publishing Co, Inc. ISBN   0-85390-013-2.
  2. Seymour, Rev. Colin (Ed)(2006) Australian Fancy Pigeons National Book of Standards.