Thursday October Christian
Thursday October Christian taken around his 90th birthday
|Died||27 May 1911 90) (aged|
Pitcairn Island, British Empire
|Parent(s)||Thursday October Christian, Teraura|
Thursday October Christian Jr. (1 October 1820 – 27 May 1911) was a Pitcairn Islands political leader. He was the grandson of Fletcher Christian and son of Thursday October Christian (14 October 1790 – 21 April 1831), and mother, Teraura (c.1775 - 15 July 1850). He was also known as "Doctor", "Duddie" or "Doodie". He spent several years on Norfolk Island but returned to Pitcairn in 1864. Christian was three quarters Polynesian.
He was the fifth Magistrate of the Pitcairn Islands, holding the office in 1844, 1851, 1864,1867, 1873–1874, 1880 and 1882. Everyone named Christian on Pitcairn is descended from him; a number of family branches, however, left Pitcairn permanently and settled on Norfolk Island.
He married Mary Young, granddaughter of Ned Young, on 24 March 1839. They had 17 children,none of them named as a month name or week day. Seven died as children and three lived past the age of 73.
|Julia Christian||23 July 1840||15 June 1850|
|Agnes Christian||6 October 1841||6 April 1911||Married Samuel Russell Warren, a whaler from Rhode Island. She is the ancestor of all the Warrens on Pitcairn Island.|
|Albert Christian||31 March 1843||19 January 1861|
|Elias Christian||7 January 1845||7 October 1893||Married Mary Young. Ancestor of Jay Warren and Mike Warren|
|Alphonso Driver Christian||3 August 1846||14 June 1921||Married Sarah McCoy. Father of Gerard Christian, grandfather of John Lorenzo Christian|
|Anna Rose Christian||31 July 1848||30 March 1851|
|Julia Anna Rose Christian||9 November 1851||30 August 1864|
|Ernest Heywood Christian||5 October 1853||December 1926|
|Daniel Christian||27 July 1855||March 1904||Married Harriet McCoy. Father of Edgar Allen Christian and Frederick Martin Christian|
|Elizabeth Saidley A. Christian||27 April 1857||1863|
|Francis Hickson Christian||18 February 1859||3 January 1938||Married Eunice Young. Father of Charles Richard Parkin Christian, ancestor of Ivan Christian and Steve Christian|
|William Henry Gordon Christian||1 September 1860||22 January 1934|
|Albert Swain Christian||8 May 1862||9 May 1862|
|Harriet Christian||22 August 1863||1864|
|Harriet Christian||23 August 1864||19 August 1937||Married Matthew Edmond McCoy|
|Charles Benjamin Christian||1 August 1865||July 1885|
|Mary Elizabeth Saidley Christian||April 1868||1 June 1868|
|Ancestors of Thursday October Christian II|
Thursday October Christian II appears in Mark Twain's 1879 story "The Great Revolution in Pitcairn".
The Pitcairn Islands, officially Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands, are a group of four volcanic islands in the southern Pacific Ocean that form the sole British Overseas Territory in the Pacific Ocean. The four islands—Pitcairn proper, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno—are scattered across several hundred miles of ocean and have a combined land area of about 18 square miles (47 km2). Henderson Island accounts for 86% of the land area, but only Pitcairn Island is inhabited. The nearest places are Mangareva to the west and Easter Island to the east.
The history of the Pitcairn Islands begins with the colonization of the islands by Polynesians in the 11th century. The Polynesians established a culture that flourished for four centuries and then vanished. They lived on Pitcairn and Henderson Islands, and on Mangareva Island 540 kilometres (340 mi) to the northwest, for about 400 years.
Fletcher Christian was master's mate on board HMS Bounty during Lieutenant William Bligh's voyage to Tahiti during 1787–1789 for breadfruit plants. In the mutiny on the Bounty, Christian seized command of the ship from Bligh on 28 April 1789.
The Pitcairn sexual assault trial of 2004 concerned seven men living on Pitcairn Island who faced 55 charges relating to sexual offences against children and young people. The accused represented a third of the island's male population and included Steve Christian, the mayor. On 24 October, all but one of the defendants were found guilty on at least some of the charges. Another six men living abroad, including Shawn Christian, who later served as mayor of Pitcairn, were tried on 41 charges in a separate trial in Auckland, New Zealand, in 2005.
Edward "Ned" Young, was a British sailor, mutineer from the famous HMS Bounty incident, and co-founder of the mutineers' Pitcairn Island settlement.
Bounty Day is a holiday on both Pitcairn Island, destination of the Bounty mutineers, and on Norfolk Island. It is celebrated on 23 January on Pitcairn, and on 8 June on Norfolk Island, the day that the descendants of the mutineers arrived on the island. It is named for the Bounty, although the ship never saw Norfolk Island.
George Hunn Nobbs was an English missionary on Pitcairn Island and later Norfolk Island, where his many descendants still live today.
The descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian consorts include the modern-day Pitcairn Islanders as well as a little less than half of the population of Norfolk Island. Their descendants also live in New Zealand, Australia, and the United States. Because of the scarcity of people on the island, many of the mutineers' children and grandchildren intermarried, with some marrying first and second cousins. Occasionally a new person would arrive on the island bringing with them a new surname.
Pitcairn Islanders, also referred to as Pitkerners and Pitcairnese, are the inhabitants or citizens of the Pitcairn Islands. The Pitcairn Islands are a British Overseas Territory, mainly inhabited by Euronesians of British and Tahitian descent.
Charles Richard Parkin Christian was a long-serving politician from Pitcairn. He was the Chief Magistrate of Pitcairn Island for eleven years at various times between 1920 and 1957. As is commonly the case with the small population of Pitcairn, he was closely related to several other island leaders, notably cousins Edgar Allen Christian, Frederick Martin Christian, and Gerard Bromley Robert Christian. He was also the grandson of Thursday October Christian II and uncle of Ivan Christian and Warren Clive Christian. Christian was born on Pitcairn, and died at Auckland, New Zealand.
Gerard Bromley Robert Christian served as Magistrate of the British Overseas Territory of Pitcairn Island from 1910 to 1919. As is commonly the case with the small population of Pitcairn, he was closely related to several other island leaders, notably cousins Edgar Allen Christian, Frederick Martin Christian, and Charles Richard Parkin Christian. He was also the grandson of Thursday October Christian II and was the father of John Lorenzo Christian. He was born and died on Pitcairn Island.
Edward Quintal was the first Magistrate of the British Overseas Territory of Pitcairn Island. Quintal was the son of Matthew Quintal, the Bounty Mutineer, and Teraura, the partner of Ned Young, and the future spouse of Thursday October Christian. The elder Quintal was killed by a hatchet the year before Edward was born.
Fletcher Christian served as magistrate of the British Overseas Territory of Pitcairn Island in 1842. Christian was the grandson of Fletcher Christian, the Bounty mutineer, through his son Charles Christian. He was the cousin of Thursday October Christian II. Like Thursday, Christian was of Polynesian descent from 3 of his grandparents. His mother was Sully, the daughter of Teio.
Matthew Edmond McCoy served as Magistrate of the British Overseas Territory of Pitcairn Island in 1909. He was the son of James Russell McCoy and Eliza Coffin Palmer Young, and was the grandson of Matthew McCoy. He was one of the last people on the island with the surname 'McCoy'; most people with this name had emigrated to Norfolk Island, New Zealand or Australia, and the family produced a lot of daughters. McCoy himself had 3 children by 3 women, he had two sons who took the surnames 'Christian' and 'Young'.
Thursday October Christian was the first son of Fletcher Christian and his Tahitian wife Mauatua. He was conceived on Tahiti, and was the first child born on the Pitcairn Islands after the mutineers took refuge on the island. Born on a Thursday in October, he was given his unusual name because Fletcher Christian wanted his son to have "no name that will remind me of England."
Charles Christian, Jr. served as Magistrate of the British Overseas Territory of Pitcairn Island in 1847. He was the son of Charles Christian and Sully. He married Charlotte Quintal and had 16 children. Christian died on Norfolk Island.
George Adams was the only son of the Bounty Mutineer John Adams. He was born to his wife Teio, who had once been the wife of William McCoy and was the mother-in-law of Charles Christian, on Pitcairn Island. Adams was born at a time when all the original mutineers apart from his own father had been killed, or in the case of Ned Young died of natural causes. In 1808 the Pitcairn colony was discovered and the elder Adams was granted amnesty for his part in the mutiny. Both of Adams' parents died in March 1829, when George was 24 years old. Adams served as Chief Magistrate on Pitcairn in 1848. Adams was an opponent of Joshua Hill in the 1830s. Adams opposed the decision to move to Norfolk Island in the 1850s, due to his granddaughter being ill. Adams did eventually move, and died on Norfolk Island in 1873.
Simon Young served as Magistrate of the British colony of the Pitcairn Islands in 1849. Young was the son of George Young, who in turn was the son of bounty mutineer Ned Young, his mother was Hannah Adams, a daughter of John Adams. Young married Mary Buffett Christian, his father-in-law John Buffett had arrived on the island in 1823 as a schoolteacher, and had stayed to help Adams teach the islands many children. Young himself was a schoolteacher by trade. He spent several years on Norfolk Island but returned to Pitcairn in 1864. Young's marriage produced 13 children, including two future Magistrates, Benjamin Stanley Young, William Alfred Young and Arthur Herbert Young, and the historian Rosalind Amelia Young.
Rosalind Amelia Young was a historian from Pitcairn Islands.
Norfolk Islanders also referred to as just Islanders are the inhabitants or citizens of Norfolk Island, an external territory of Australia. The Islanders have their own unique identity and are predominantly people of Pitcairn and English descent and to a lesser extent of Scottish and Irish.
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