|Birth name||Iranette Ferreira Barcellos|
|Also known as||Aunt Surica|
|Born||November 17, 1940|
Iranette Ferreira Barcellos (known as Tia Surica or Aunt Surica) (b. November 17, 1940, Madureira, Brazil) is a Brazilian samba singer and actress.
Surica was born in Madureira in 1940 to Judith and Pio Barcellos. She attended the Portela School from age four. She was given her nickname Surica by her grandmother.
In 1966, she sang the carnival samba Memórias de um Sargento de Milícias, with Maninho and Catoni. The song was written by Paulinho da Viola. In 1980, she was part of the musical group Velha Guarda da Portela ("Old Guard of Portela").
In 2003, Surica released her first album, containing old songs of Portela, written by Monarco, Chico Santana and Anice.
Surica currently lives in Madureira village, close to the city, in her house called the Cafofo da Surica ("the sweet home of Surica"). Her house has become a meeting place for artists of the Portela School.
She has acted in a cameo role in the television programme City of Men and also in other roles in several TV shows and commercials.
Samba is a Brazilian music genre and dance style, with its roots in Africa via the West African slave trade and African religious traditions, particularly of Angola and the Congo, through the samba de roda genre of the northeastern Brazilian state of Bahia, from which it derived. Although there were various forms of samba in Brazil with popular rhythms originated from African drumming and the African structures of polyrhythm of Beat and Off-Beat, Time-Line-Pattern and the elementary pulse, that are performed by different instruments of the bateria of the samba schools of the famous Samba-Enredo, that has its origins in Rio de Janeiro.
Carmen Miranda, was a Portuguese-born Brazilian samba singer, dancer, Broadway actress, and film star who was popular from the 1930s to the 1950s. Nicknamed "The Brazilian Bombshell", Miranda is noted for her signature fruit hat outfit she wore in her American films. As a young woman, she designed hats in a boutique before making her first recordings with composer Josué de Barros in 1929. Miranda's 1930 recording of "Taí ", written by Joubert de Carvalho, catapulted her to stardom in Brazil as the foremost interpreter of samba.
The culture of Brazil is primarily Western, but presents a very diverse nature showing that an ethnic and cultural mixing occurred in the colonial period involving mostly Indigenous peoples of the coastal and most accessible riverine areas, Portuguese people and African people. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, together with further waves of Portuguese colonization, Italians, Spaniards, Germans, Austrians, Levantine Arabs, Armenians, Japanese, Chinese, Koreans, Greeks, Poles, Helvetians, Ukrainians and Russians settled in Brazil, playing an important role in its culture as it started to shape a multicultural and multiethnic society.
Alcione Dias Nazareth is also known as, "Alcione", and "A Marrom" and is one of the most successful female samba singers, or sambistas, in Brazil. She first gained international recognition in the late 1970 and has had nineteen gold records, as well as five platinum and a double platinum records.
Daniela Mercury is a Brazilian singer, songwriter, dancer, producer, actress and television host. In her solo career, Mercury has sold over 20 million records worldwide and had 24 Top 10 singles in the country, with 14 of them reached No. 1. Winner of a Latin Grammy for her album Balé Mulato – Ao Vivo, she also received six Brazilian Music Award, an APCA award, three Multishow Brazilian Music Awards and two awards at VMB: Best Music Video and Photography.
Black Orpheus is a 1959 romantic tragedy film made in Brazil by French director Marcel Camus and starring Marpessa Dawn and Breno Mello. It is based on the play Orfeu da Conceição by Vinicius de Moraes, which is itself an adaptation of the Greek legend of Orpheus and Eurydice, set in the modern context of a favela ("slum") in Rio de Janeiro during Carnaval. The film was an international co-production among production companies in Brazil, France and Italy.
Maria Bethânia Viana Telles Veloso, known by her stage name Maria Bethânia, is a Brazilian singer and songwriter. Born in Santo Amaro, Bahia, she started her career in Rio de Janeiro in 1964 with the show "Opinião" ("Opinion"). Due to its popularity, with performances all over the country, and the popularity of her 1965 single "Carcará", the artist became a star in Brazil.
A samba school is a dancing, marching, and drumming club. They practice and often perform in a huge square-compounds and are devoted to practicing and exhibiting samba, an African-Brazilian dance and drumming style. Although the word "school" is in the name, samba schools do not offer instruction. Samba schools have a strong community basis and are traditionally associated with a particular neighborhood. They are often seen to affirm the cultural validity of the Afro-Brazilian heritage in contrast to the mainstream education system, and have evolved often in contrast to authoritarian development. The phrase "escola de samba" is popularly held to derive from the schoolyard location of the first group's early rehearsals. In Rio de Janeiro especially, they are mostly associated with poor neighborhoods ("favelas"). Samba and the samba school can be deeply interwoven with the daily lives of the shanty-town dwellers. Throughout the year the samba schools have various happenings and events, most important of which are rehearsals for the main event which is the yearly carnival parade. Each of the main schools spend many months each year designing the theme, holding a competition for their song, building the floats and rehearsing. It is overseen by a carnavalesco or carnival director. From 2005, some fourteen of the top samba schools in Rio have used a specially designed warehouse complex, the size of ten football pitches, called Samba City to build and house the elaborate floats. Each school's parade may consist of about 3,000 performers or more, and the preparations, especially producing the many different costumes, provide work for thousands of the poorest in Brazilian society. The resulting competition is a major economic and media event, with tens of thousands in the live audience and screened live to millions across South America.
Angenor de Oliveira, known as Cartola, was a Brazilian singer, composer and poet considered to be a major figure in the development of samba.
Clara Nunes was a Brazilian samba and MPB singer, considered one of the greatest of her generation. She was the first female singer in Brazil to sell over 100,000 copies of a record, with "Tristeza Pé No Chão" and her achievements in the samba genre earned her the title of "Queen of Samba".
Elizabeth Santos Leal de Carvalho, known professionally as Beth Carvalho, was a Brazilian samba singer, guitarist, cavaquinist and composer.
Mauro Diniz is a Brazilian professional cavaquinist. He also has a career as a songwriter and singer.
Clementina de Jesus was a Brazilian samba singer born in Valença, Brazil.
The Grêmio Recreativo Escola de Samba Portela is one of the most traditional samba schools of the city of Rio de Janeiro, and champion of the 2017 Carnival parade. It is the greatest winner of the top-tier Rio parade with 22 titles in total.
Tudo Azul is an album recorded in 1999 by the Velha Guarda da Portela. The album was produced by famous Brazilian singer Marisa Monte, which is featured in one of the tracks. Tudo Azul features tracks written from 1945 to 1972.
Madureira is a neighborhood in the North Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Its population is basically middle class and lower middle-class, including some shanty towns, (favelas).
Yvonne Lara da Costa, better known as Dona Ivone Lara, was a Brazilian singer and composer.
Grêmio Recreativo Escola de Samba Estação Primeira de Mangueira, or simply Mangueira, is a samba school in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The school was founded on April 28, 1928, by Carlos Cachaça, Cartola, Zé Espinguela, among others. It is located at the Mangueira neighborhood, near the region of Maracanã.
Samba on Your Feet is a documentary film by Eduardo Montes-Bradley also known as Samba! reflections of Africa in Brazilian culture. The film goes behind the scenes of samba and Carnival to reveal the cultural and racial clash that gave birth to a new tradition in Rio de Janeiro.
Heitor dos Prazeres was a Afro-Brazilian composer, singer and painter. He was a pioneer samba composer and participated in the first samba schools in Brazil. Later in life he became known by his paintings.