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The Tibet Post is an online publication founded by a group of Tibetan journalists with the primary goal of promoting democracy through freedom of expression within Tibetan communities both within and outside of Tibet.
TPI's daily online newspaper provides uncensored news to inform and educate readers about Tibet-related issues at home and in exile, which are acknowledged internationally, also reported by the Chinese state media.
Created on December 10, 2007, in the Tibetan exile community of Dharamsala in the Himalayan region of Northern India, it was the first independent trilingual daily online newspaper-in-exile, publishing in English, Tibetan and Mandarin, and remains the only one in existence. The publication celebrates a readership of nearly 10 million per year from 2017, and maintains a general readership of between 500 and 10,000 online guests at any given time.The initiative of an independent non-profit organisation, Tibet Post focuses on Tibet-related issues, closely following the developments inside Tibet as well as reporting on the activities and workings of the exile community's democratic institutions.
The TPI has launched a fortnightly newspaper. The eight-page broadsheet, containing a wide range of news and features covering events both inside Tibet and the exiled Tibetan world, was launched at the Dalai Lama’s main temple in McLeod Ganj, on Monday, December 10, 2012, to coincide with International Human Rights Day and Nobel Peace Prize Day of the Dalai Lama of Tibet. However, we anticipate discontinuing the printed version from August 2018.
The publication's website is considered a strong force in the Tibetan community and representing people in Tibet and Tibetan people's voice reaching to the outside world, promoting peaceful interaction between Tibetans and Chinese as well as objectivity, making it unique in its traditional regions of Tibet and a free news source that reaches and informs many in the remote community it serves. The Tibet Post publication has been heralded as a strong force in educating Chinese seeking objective viewpoints on the situation in Tibet. According to its website cpanel and Google analysis, an estimated 60% of its readers are thought to be logging on from inside China,giving it the largest readership of any Tibetan news source-in-exile, and making it the only one claiming a majority of Chinese readers.
Subjects such as human rights, censorship, and the Tibetan cause in China are the driving forces behind the non-profit organisation, 'Himalayan Literacy Trust' (HLT) by whom it was created. The HLT is part of an affiliation which also includes Reporters Without Borders (RSF) the international freedom of press watchdog organisations in and outside of India, with focus on the 'very serious' situation regarding freedom of expression in China and Tibet.
TPI’s mission is to advocate for democracy, peace, justice, political pluralism and rule of law in Tibetan society, and to give voice to the people of the three Tibetan provinces. These goals are guided by the principles of non-violence and compassion. It is an interactive publication, which encourages readers’ comments, phone calls and e-mails, and conducts interviews and opinion polls to promote freedom of expression and dialogue.
Over the past two and a half years, TPI has become one of the most popular news websites amongst Tibetan communities in exile and, although it is difficult to access in Tibet, it is recognised as an important news source. HLT and TPI’s founding members are all scholars who have undergone intensive religious and secular studies under highly accomplished Tibetan teachers.
In addition to covering news and political issues, the site includes sections on health, the environment, arts and culture, opinion, and the Tibetan diaspora. Its sister sites also include statistical information and opinion polls.
TPI's website features a bi-monthly, downloadable and printable newspaper which features high-profile articles from the website. In 2012, TPI has started to print the newspaper itself and distribute it free of charge to individuals and institutions within the Tibetan diaspora, particularly targeting readers who have limited or no internet access. TPI's services are unique because they originate in the heart of the Tibetan exile community, providing a daily link between the Tibetans in Tibet and the exile community and the rest of the free world. TPI exploits new media tools such as Facebook, Twitter and YouTube, and regularly uploads feature stories, video reports and interviews from its sources- Tibet, exile and abroad.
Investigations into China's human rights situation have shown that torture is used routinely in many prisons and interrogations. In 2016 the TPI submitted evidence to the UK Conservative Party Human Rights Commission: Human Rights in China, detailing the record of abuse inside Tibet between 2013-2016. Subsequently the Committee concluded that torture in Tibet is "The Darkest Moment: The Crackdown on Human Rights in China, 2013-16. ".
TPI has also worked alongside world leaders and activists such as Henri Malosse-EESC President, Michael Caster-Human rights advocate, researcher, and civil society consultant, Alan Gilbert, a John Evans professor at the Josef Korbel School of International Studies at the University of Denver, and Rose Tang-Chinese writer and activist. TPI also closely worked with governments and NGOs such as Reporters Without Borders, The Committee to Protect Journalists, the United States' Congressional-Executive Commission on China and U.S. Department of State, to share its reports of tortured Tibetans inside Tibet.
1) '25 June 2015 : Launching literacy book title: "Roar Within Ehythm," a collection of 119 writers and bloggers, 60 of them from inside Tibet (Successful attempt to bridge between bloggers in Tibet and exile)
2) From July 2016; as its close to election days, as mentioned earlier, we began to prepared to publish a new book in Tibetan language title: "Focusing the real Subject," and launched on May 20, 2016; a collection of more than 30 interviews with Prime Minister (Sikyong) candidates, top officials from various bodies and NGO leaders, ex-political prisoners and other interest individuals (an attempt to bridge between community leaders and general public). The book is focusing on Tibetan democracy and human rights, particularly on recent Tibetan elections. However only two top officials refused to accept our interview, but we have clearly mentioned in the book editorial and stated why we are regret about their failed response.
3) On 10 December 2015, TPI released a new book titled: "Voice of an Exiled Tibetan", to mark the 25th Anniversary Celebration of the Dalai Lama's receipt of the Nobel Peace Prize and the 66th International Human Rights Day. The book is primarily a compilation of more than 50 analytical articles related to the modern issues facing all Tibetans—at home and in exile—and seeks to serve as a response to how Tibet is portrayed by China and other outlets.
4) On 15 February, Deputy Speaker of Tibetan Parliament in Exile Acharya Yeshi Phuntsok launched a book of interviews with exiled Tibetan women writers and their works titled “Women Who Hold The Pen” at the Tibet Post International office in Mcleod Ganj.
The book comprises the interviews of 33 exiled Tibetan women writers across the world, which included 15 published authors and other enthusiastic readers of Tibetan language.
The Tibet Post office headquarters are located in the district magistrate of Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India, and is supported by the South Tyrol Regional Parliament, Italy, with contributions also made from Delhi, India, Austria, Taiwan, the UK and the USA. Its Editor-in-Chief is Yeshe Choesang, who is also the founder of HLT, TPI Agency, India; and other editors include Keary Huang (Editor for the Chinese version of TPI, Taipei, Taiwan), Kalsang Dolma (Assistant editor for Tibetan version of the Tibet Post International, India), and James Dunn (was reporter for The Tibet Europe).
In order to achieve its goals, HLT and TPI have identified the following objectives and guiding principles:
1) To provide a fair and accurate news service which covers the political and social situation in Tibet, and to promote its access internationally, including to Tibetan people living in China
2) To inform and engage members of the Tibetan diaspora and others, especially English-speaking foreigners, about social issues affecting Tibetan communities in exile
3) To promote through its publications the principles of democracy, freedom of expression, social justice, political and legislative debate, political pluralism, women’s rights, rule of law, public empowerment, peace, non-violence and peaceful conflict resolution
4) To encourage and support the needs of Tibetan journalists living in exile, through professional development
5) To promote and encourage greater knowledge among Tibetan journalists about the democratic government-in-exile and social, political, health and environmental issues
6) To employ a multicultural, multilingual editorial staff, including volunteers from around the world, and encourage discussion and debate from different perspectives on issues related to Tibet and Tibetans
7) To support English-language acquisition and awareness of current events amongst Tibetan youths living in exile, in both schools and the wider community
8) To maintain our unique role as a provider of wide, in-depth and up-to-the-minute coverage of Tibet-related news and current affairs
9) To contribute to the nurturing of a strong Tibetan society by promoting support for the Tibetan cause both internationally and within Tibet.
The Central Tibetan Administration is Tibet's elected parliamentary government based in Dharamshala, India. It is composed of a judiciary branch, a legislative branch, and an executive branch. The Central Tibetan Administration is also referred to as the Tibetan Government in Exile. Since its formation in 1959, the Central Tibetan Administration has not been officially recognized by China. The Tibetan diaspora and refugees support the Central Tibetan Administration by voting for members of Parliament, the President and by making annual financial contributions through the use of the "Green Book." The Central Tibetan Administration also receives international support from organizations and individuals.
Free Tibet (FT) is a non-profit, non-governmental organisation, founded in 1987 and based in London, England. FT, according to their mission statement, advocates for “a free Tibet in which Tibetans are able to determine their own future and the human rights of all are respected.”
The history of Tibet from 1950 to the present started with the Chinese invading Tibet in 1950. Before then, Tibet had declared independence from China in 1913. In 1951, the Tibetans signed a seventeen-point agreement reaffirming China's sovereignty over Tibet and providing an autonomous administration led by Dalai Lama. In 1959 the 14th Dalai Lama fled from Tibet to northern India under cover where he established the Central Tibetan Administration. The Tibet Autonomous Region within China was officially established in 1965.
The Australia Tibet Council (ATC) is an independent, non-profit Australian organisation working to promote the human rights and democratic freedoms of the Tibetan people. ATC is funded solely by members and supporters. The organisation's headquarters are in Sydney.
Wang Lixiong is a Chinese writer and scholar, best known for his political prophecy fiction, Yellow Peril, and for his writings on Tibet and provocative analysis of China's western region of Xinjiang.
Palden Gyatso was a Tibetan Buddhist monk. Arrested for protesting during the Chinese invasion of Tibet, he spent 33 years in Chinese prisons and labor camps, where he was extensively tortured, and served the longest term of any Tibetan political prisoner. After his release in 1992 he fled to Dharamsala in North India, in exile. He was still a practicing monk and became a political activist, traveling the world publicizing the cause of Tibet up until his death in 2018. His autobiography Fire Under the Snow is also known as The Autobiography of a Tibetan Monk. He was the subject of the 2008 documentary film Fire Under the Snow.
The March 2008 Tibetan unrest was a series of protests and demonstrations against Chinese persecution of Tibetans. Possibly ignited by the Chinese authority's arrest of monks at Labrang Monastery, demonstrations also started in the Tibetan capital of Lhasa during an annual observance of the 1959 Tibetan Uprising Day and of the Vesak, Birthday of the Gautama Buddha. The demonstrations included street protests by Tibetans and monks, which were met with tear gas canisters and indiscriminate shootings, according to a report by Human Rights Watch on the excessive use of force on March 14 and afterwards. The unrest spread to a number of monasteries and to other areas within the original borders of Tibet, but currently located outside the main Tibet Autonomous Region.
The Tibetan Youth Congress (TYC) is an international non-governmental organization that advocates the independence of Tibet from China. With around 30,000 members in the Tibetan diaspora, it is the largest of the pro-independence organizations of Tibetan exiles with 87 branches in 10 countries listed on the organisation's website. The current president of the Tibetan Youth Congress is Gonpo Dhundup.
Khawa Karpo Tibet Culture Centre Charitable Trust is a non-profit organization that was founded on 16 April 2009. The organization is based in Dharamshala in Himachal Pradesh, India.
The Tibetan Parliament in Exile (TPiE), officially the Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration, is the unicameral and highest legislative organ of the Central Tibetan Administration. It was established and is based in Dharamshala, India. The creation of this democratically elected body has been one of the major changes that the 14th Dalai Lama brought about in his efforts to introduce a democratic system of administration. Today, the parliament consists of 45 members: ten members each from Ü-Tsang, Kham, and Amdo, the three traditional provinces of Tibet; the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism and the traditional Bön faith elect two members each; four members are elected by Tibetans in the west: two from Europe, one from Australasia, one from North America and one from Canada. The Tibetan Parliament in Exile is headed by a Speaker and a Deputy Speaker, who are elected by the members amongst themselves. Any Tibetan who has reached the age of 25 has the right to contest elections to the parliament.
The serfdom in Tibet controversy is a prolonged public disagreement over the extent and nature of serfdom in Tibet prior to the incorporation of Tibet into the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1951. The debate is political in nature with the ultimate goal on the Chinese side of legitimizing Chinese control of the territory now known as the Tibet Autonomous Region or Xizang Autonomous Region. The pro-PRC argument is that Tibetan culture, government, and society were barbaric prior to the Chinese takeover of Tibet and that this only changed due to Chinese influence in the region. The pro-Tibetan independence movement argument is that this is a misrepresentation of history created as a political tool in order to justify the Sinicization of Tibet. This argued distortion of history is believed by those seeking Tibetan independence to prove that Chinese claims to the region are not legitimate.
Sinicization of Tibet is a phrase which is used by critics of Chinese rule in Tibet in reference to the programs and laws which force "cultural unity" in Tibetan areas of China, including the Tibet Autonomous Region and surrounding Tibetan-designated autonomous areas. The efforts are untaken by China in order to remake Tibetan culture into mainstream Chinese culture. Another term for sinicization is cultural cleansing, used by the 14th Dalai Lama and by the Central Tibetan Administration to describe the results of China's sinicization programs and laws in Tibet.
Lobsang Sangay is an Indian-born-American-Tibetan politician who is the Sikyong (President) of the Tibetan-government-in-exile, officially known as Central Tibetan Administration (CTA) since 2012 and previously served as Kalön Tripa from 2011 to 2012. Following his election, at the request of the 14th Dalai Lama, the Tibetan parliament-in-exile amended the organisation's bylaws to remove the Dalai Lama's executive authority, making Lobsang Sangay its highest leader. In 2012, to reflect this change, Lobsang Sangay's title as chief executive was changed from kalön tripa to sikyong.
The Tibetan diaspora are the diaspora of Tibetan people living outside China.
Human rights in Tibet are a contentious issue. Reported abuses of human rights in Tibet include restricted freedom of religion, belief, and association; arbitrary arrest; maltreatment in custody, including torture; and forced abortion and sterilization. The status of religion, mainly as it relates to figures who are both religious and political, such as the exile of the 14th Dalai Lama, is a regular object of criticism. Additionally, freedom of the press in China is absent, with Tibet's media tightly controlled by the Chinese leadership, making it difficult to accurately determine the scope of human rights abuses.
The Tibetan Centre for Human Rights and Democracy investigates and reports on human rights issues in Tibet and among Tibetan minorities throughout China. It is the first Tibetan non-governmental human rights organization to be established in exile in India. TCHRD promotes the United Nations' Universal Declaration of Human Rights, publishes news articles on the censorship and discrimination faced by Tibetans in Tibet; keeps databases on political prisoners, Tibetan's who have self-immolated, and Tibetans who have died in detention; and publishes reports and yearly human rights updates. TCHRD has emphasized that an "important source of support for the Tibetan people comes from the Chinese community from both within and outside China."
Yeshe Choesang is an India-based Tibetan journalist, photographer and author who focuses on politics, Freedom of press, business, human rights and environmental issues in Tibet and China.
Protests and uprisings in Tibet against the government of the People's Republic of China have occurred since 1950, and include the 1959 uprising, the 2008 uprising, and the subsequent self-immolation protests.
Voice of Tibet is a radio station based in Norway transmitting shortwave radio programmes in the Tibetan language as well as Mandarin Chinese. The station began broadcasting on 14 May 1996 and was founded by three Norwegian NGOs: Norwegian Human Rights House, The Norwegian Tibet Committee and Worldview Rights. Its broadcasts target Tibet and China as well as India, Bhutan and Nepal. It receives funds from the United States National Endowment for Democracy.
Tibet Justice Center, is an American legal association founded in 1989 that advocates human rights and self-determination for the Tibetan people.