Last updated
San Francisco de Tilcara
Tilcara General.jpg
Argentina location map.svg
Red pog.svg
San Francisco de Tilcara
Location of San Francisco de Tilcara in Argentina
Coordinates: 23°34′S65°22′W / 23.567°S 65.367°W / -23.567; -65.367
Country Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
Province Flag of Jujuy province in Argentina.svg  Jujuy
Department Tilcara
   Mayor Ricardo Romero (PJ)
  Total1.2 km2 (0.5 sq mi)
2,465 m (8,087 ft)
 (2010 census)
  Density5,200/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Demonym tilcareño/a
Time zone UTC-3 (ART)
CPA base
Dialing code +54 388

San Francisco de Tilcara (usually referred to as Tilcara) is a city in the province of Jujuy, Argentina, and the head town of the Tilcara Department. It had 6,249 inhabitants at the 2010 census [INDEC]. Traces of human habitation in the area date back more than 10,000 years, making it one of the oldest continuously inhabited settlements of Argentina.


Tilcara is located 84 km from the provincial capital, San Salvador de Jujuy, beside National Route 9, at about 2,500 m above sea level, well within the first heights of the Andes.

The area features dramatic mountainous landscapes and rich aboriginal traditions, which make it a major tourist attraction in northwestern Argentina, with several nearby hiking tracks also attracting visitors.

Possibly the biggest attraction in Tilcara is the nearby Pucará de Tilcara, the partially reconstructed ruins of a pre-Inca pukara , Quechua for "fortress", [1] located a few kilometers away from the city of Tilcara on a hill with an impressive view of the valley of the Río Grande.


Climate data for Tilcara (1934-1990)
Daily mean °C (°F)17.1
Average precipitation mm (inches)42
Source: Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria [2]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Catamarca Province</span> Province of Argentina

Catamarca is a province of Argentina, located in the northwest of the country. The province had a population of 429,556 as per the 2022 census [INDEC], and covers an area of 102,602 km2. Its literacy rate is 95.5%. Neighbouring provinces are : Salta, Tucumán, Santiago del Estero, Córdoba, and La Rioja. To the west it borders the country of Chile.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jujuy Province</span> Province of Argentina

Jujuy is a province of Argentina, located in the extreme northwest of the country, at the borders with Chile and Bolivia. The only neighboring Argentine province is Salta to the east and south.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Salta Province</span> Province of Argentina

Salta is a province of Argentina, located in the northwest of the country. Neighboring provinces are from the east clockwise Formosa, Chaco, Santiago del Estero, Tucumán and Catamarca. It also surrounds Jujuy. To the north it borders Bolivia and Paraguay and to the west lies Chile.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca</span> City in Catamarca, Argentina

San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca is the capital and largest city in Catamarca Province in northwestern Argentina, on the Río Valle River, at the feet of the Cerro Ambato. The city name is normally shortened as Catamarca.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Santiago del Estero</span> City in Argentina

Santiago del Estero is the capital of Santiago del Estero Province in northern Argentina. It has a population of 252,192 inhabitants, making it the twelfth largest city in the country, with a surface area of 2,116 km2. It lies on the Dulce River and on National Route 9, at a distance of 1,042 km north-northwest from Buenos Aires. Estimated to be 455 years old, Santiago del Estero was the first city founded by Spanish settlers in the territory that is now Argentina. As such, it is nicknamed "Madre de Ciudades". Similarly, it has been officially declared the "mother of cities and cradle of folklore."

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Viedma, Río Negro</span> City in Río Negro, Argentina

Viedma is the capital and fourth largest city of the Río Negro Province, in northern Patagonia, Argentina. The city has 80,632 inhabitants (2020), and is located on the southern margin of the Negro River, about 30 kilometres off the Atlantic Coast, and 960 km from the city of Buenos Aires on the National Route 3.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">San Salvador de Jujuy</span> City in Jujuy, Argentina

San Salvador de Jujuy, commonly known as Jujuy and locally often referred to as San Salvador, is the capital and largest city of Jujuy Province in northwest Argentina. Also, it is the seat of the Doctor Manuel Belgrano Department. It lies near the southern end of the Humahuaca Canyon where wooded hills meet the lowlands.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Paraná, Entre Ríos</span> City in Entre Ríos, Argentina

Paraná is the capital city of the Argentine province Entre Ríos, located on the eastern shore of the Paraná River, opposite the city of Santa Fe, capital of the neighbouring Santa Fe Province. The city has a population of 247,863.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">San Luis, Argentina</span> City in San Luis, Argentina

San Luis is the capital city of San Luis Province in the Cuyo region of Argentina. It is also the seat of the Juan Martín de Pueyrredón Department.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Malargüe</span> City in Mendoza, Argentina

Malargüe is a city in the southwest part of province of Mendoza, Argentina, about 370 km south of the provincial capital Mendoza. It is the head town of the Malargüe Department, and it has about 27,000 inhabitants as per the 2010 census [INDEC].

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Junín, Buenos Aires</span> City in Buenos Aires, Argentina

Junín is a city in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and administrative seat of the partido of Junín. It has a population of 85,420 and is located 260 km (162 mi) west of the city of Buenos Aires. It is mostly known for being the hometown of former first lady of Argentina Eva Perón.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Argentine Northwest</span>

The Argentine Northwest is a geographic and historical region of Argentina composed of the provinces of Catamarca, Jujuy, La Rioja, Salta, Santiago del Estero and Tucumán.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Quebrada de Humahuaca</span> UNESCO World Heritage Site in Jujuy Province, Argentina

The Quebrada de Humahuaca is a narrow mountain valley located in the province of Jujuy in northwest Argentina, 1,649 km (1,025 mi) north of Buenos Aires. It is about 155 km (96 mi) long, oriented north–south, bordered by the Altiplano in the west and north, by the Sub-Andean hills in the east, and by the warm valleys in the south.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">General Pico</span> City in La Pampa, Argentina

General Pico is a city located in the northeast of La Pampa Province, Argentina. It is located at 143 m (469 ft) above sea level and inside the region of the Pampa Húmeda Llana. It has a surface area of 2,555 km2 (986 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">La Quiaca</span> City in Jujuy, Argentina

La Quiaca is a small city in the north of the province of Jujuy, Argentina, on the southern bank of the La Quiaca River, opposite the town of Villazón, Bolivia. It lies at the end of National Route 9, 289 km (180 mi) from San Salvador de Jujuy, and at an altitude of 3,442 m (11,293 ft) above mean sea level.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Andalgalá</span> City in Catamarca, Argentina

Andalgalá is a city in the west-center of the province of Catamarca, Argentina, located in a valley near the Sierra de Aconquija, 260 km from the provincial capital San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca. It has about 14,000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. It is the head town of the department of the same name. The Andalgalá River, which flows nearby, supports a hydroelectric power plant.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Humahuaca</span> City in Jujuy, Argentina

Humahuaca is a small city in the province of Jujuy, Argentina. Since 2003 declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO at the Paris conference. It has 11,369 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC], and is the principal town (seat) of the Department of Humahuaca. The city is widely known for its location at the Quebrada de Humahuaca, along the Eastern valley of the central Andean Altiplano.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pucará de Tilcara</span>

The Pucará de Tilcara is a pre-Inca fortification or pukara located on a hill just outside the small town of Tilcara, in the Argentine province of Jujuy. The location was strategically chosen to be easily defensible and to provide good views over a long stretch of the Quebrada de Humahuaca.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Purmamarca</span> Locality in Jujuy Province, Argentina

Purmamarca is a town in the Tumbaya Department of the Jujuy Province in Argentina.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rinconada, Jujuy</span> Rural municipality and village in Jujuy Province, Argentina

Rinconada is a rural municipality and village in Jujuy Province in Argentina. It is located in the west of the province of Jujuy and is the head of the Rinconada Department.


  1. Teofilo Laime Ajacopa (2007). Diccionario Bilingüe Iskay simipi yuyayk’anch [Quechua-English dictionary](PDF). La Paz, Bolivia.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  2. "Estadísticos de Precipitaciones y Balance Hídrico". Las Precipitaciones del Noroeste Argentino (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved 3 April 2016.