Tilty Abbey

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Remains of Tilty Abbey. Tilty Abbey remains, Essex - geograph.org.uk - 130542.jpg
Remains of Tilty Abbey.

Tilty Abbey was a Cistercian abbey in Tilty, Essex, England. [1] It was dissolved 3 March 1536.[ citation needed ] The chapel, with a nave built circa 1220, became a parish church and has survived, with later alterations and extensions. [2]

Tilty village and civil parish in Essex, UK

Tilty or Tylsey is a village and a civil parish in the Uttlesford district, in the county of Essex, England. In 2001 the population of the civil parish of Tilty was 98. Tilty's church is dedicated to St Mary the Virgin, and is Grade I listed. It was originally a chapel of Tilty Abbey, which was dissolved in the 1530s; the nave was built circa 1220. A further listed building is the derelict Grade II* Tilty Mill, which dates from the early 18th century. Tilty was recorded in the Domesday Book as Tileteia.

Essex County of England

Essex is a county in the south-east of England, north-east of London. One of the home counties, it borders Suffolk and Cambridgeshire to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Kent across the estuary of the River Thames to the south, and London to the south-west. The county town is Chelmsford, the only city in the county. For government statistical purposes Essex is placed in the East of England region.

Dissolution of the Monasteries legal event which disbanded religious residences in England, Wales and Ireland

The Dissolution of the Monasteries, sometimes referred to as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the set of administrative and legal processes between 1536 and 1541 by which Henry VIII disbanded monasteries, priories, convents and friaries in England, Wales and Ireland, appropriated their income, disposed of their assets, and provided for their former personnel and functions. Although the policy was originally envisaged as increasing the regular income of the Crown, much former monastic property was sold off to fund Henry's military campaigns in the 1540s. He was given the authority to do this in England and Wales by the Act of Supremacy, passed by Parliament in 1534, which made him Supreme Head of the Church in England, thus separating England from Papal authority, and by the First Suppression Act (1535) and the Second Suppression Act (1539).

An order taken at the late monastery of Tiltey, 3 March 27 Hen. VIII., with John Palmer, late abbot of the same. First, the late abbot and his 5 brethren to remain in the abbey till the King's further pleasure. 11 other items regulating the management of the house by the abbot, who is to retain his 5 servants, named, and continue to support Alice Mills, his mother, Agnes Lucas, widow, and Thomas Ewen, impotent persons. For the finding of which the said Richard Crumwell has delivered to the said John Palmer, at the making of this, 60s., &c. Indenture signed by John Palmer, late abbot. 2. Inventory indented of goods and chattels belonging to the late monastery of Tiltey, made 3 March 27 Hen. VIII. In the vestry:—2 altar cloths of white Bruges satin, with spots like drops of blood, of red velvet; "a vestment, deacon and subdeacon; a cope of Turkey red satin and white lawnd, wrought with gold, with a deacon and subdeacon to the same"; 29 pieces of vestments; vestments of white damask, green velvet, and green bāwdkyn; a cope of blue damask, and three of silk, branched and wrought with beasts of gold, and 9 other copes and vestments mostly with "deacon and subdeacon"; altar cloths and towels of diaper; and 4 chests, two bound with iron. In the convent parlour:—2 tables, 4 trestles, 1 turned chair, 2 painted cloths, 2 pieces of old saye, 2 forms of planks. In the buttery:—6 basins of laten, 6 candlesticks, 3 of them "bellyd," 3 salts of pewter. In the cellar:—A little chest, 2 "joists covered with lead to lay on barrels of beer." In the kitchen:—2 brass pots, kettles, &c., 16 platters of old fashioned pewter, &c., a flesh hook and beam of iron and weights of lead of ½ cwt., 1 qr., 21 lbs., 1 stone, ½ stone, 2 lbs., and 1 lb. In the abbot's dining chamber:—Hangings of red say, "a carpet of gaunt work for the table"; carpets for a cupboard and counter, a pair of tongs and a fire fork, &c. In the abbot's bedchamber:— A cross and a censer of silver and gilt, a ship with a spoon, a sait with cover, 3 maser bonds and 10 spoons of silver, which plate, except 6 silver spoons remaining with the late abbot, is delivered to Mr. Richard Cromwell; a feather bed and hangings &c. In the guest chamber:—Hangings of painted cloth, a trussing bed, &c. Servants' chamber:— A feather bed, bolster, and an old coverlet. Brew-house:—3 brass pots hanging in a furnace and 3 brewing vats. Church:—12 candlesticks and 2 great standards of laten, a pair of organs. Larder:—46 couple of salt fishes, 12 couple of lings, and 31 couple of stock fishes. In witness whereof "the said" Richard Cromwell and John Milsont have signed the part of this indenture remaining with the said late abbot, while he has signed the part remaining with them. Signed by John Palmer, late abbot. Pp. 3. Endd.: Order taken with the abbot of Tiltey, 3 March. [3]

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  1. Gilyard-Beer, R. (1959). Abbeys: An Introduction to the Religious Houses of England and Wales. Her Majesty's Stationery Office. pp. 49, 86. ISBN   0-11-670076-9.
  2. Historic England (20 February 1967). "Church of St Mary the Virgin, Tilty (1169090)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  3. Letters and Papers of the Reign of Henry VIII , ed. James Gairdner, no. 408, vol. X

Coordinates: 51°54′51″N0°19′29″E / 51.914183°N 0.324633°E / 51.914183; 0.324633 (Tilty Abbey (approx. loc.))

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.