|Secretary of the Department of Business and Consumer Affairs|
8 November 1976 –14 March 1982
|Preceded by||Alan Carmody|
|Succeeded by||Tom Hayes|
|Chancellor of Macquarie University|
|Preceded by||Michael Kirby|
|Succeeded by||Maurice Newman|
Morrish Alexander Besley
14 March 1927
New Plymouth,New Zealand
|Alma mater|| University of Auckland |
Morrish Alexander "Tim" Besley(born 14 March 1927) is an Australian engineer,businessman and former senior public servant. He was Chairman of the Commonwealth Bank between 1988 and 1999,and oversaw the company's privatisation.
In 1950,Besley migrated to Australia from New Zealandfor work as a Civil Engineer on the Snowy Mountains Scheme.
Besley joined the Commonwealth Public Service in 1967,soon moving into the Department of External Territories.Between 1973 and 1976 he was employed in the Treasury Department, before being appointed to head the Department of Business and Consumer Affairs in 1976. During his Secretary appointment he commenced a law degree at Macquarie University.
Between 1988 and 1999,Besley was Chairman of the Commonwealth Bank board,overseeing the privatisation of the bank.From 1990 to 2001 he was Chairman of Leighton Holdings. Besley served as the Chancellor of Macquarie University between 1994 and 2001.
In 2000,Besley was appointed the Chairman of an Independent Inquiry into Telecommunications Services.The inquiry found services generally satisfactory,but identified that progress needed to be made in rural and remote areas before privatisation of Telstra could be considered.
Besley was awarded a Centenary Medal in 2001 for service to Australian society in civil engineering and corporate governance. 2002 for service to the community through the promotion of economic and social development,the advancement of science,innovation and education,and for distinction at the forefront of government and corporate responsibilities.He was appointed a Companion of the Order of Australia in January
Telstra Group Limited is an Australian telecommunications company which builds and operates telecommunications networks and markets voice,mobile,internet access,pay television and other products and services. It is a member of the S&P/ASX 20 and Australia's largest telecommunications company by market share. Telstra is the largest wireless carrier in Australia,with 18.8 million subscribers as of 2020.
Telecommunications in Australia refers to communication in Australia through electronic means,using devices such as telephone,television,radio or computer,and services such as the telephony and broadband networks. Telecommunications have always been important in Australia given the 'tyranny of distance' with a dispersed population. Governments have driven telecommunication development and have a key role in its regulation.
Singtel Optus Pty Limited is an Australian telecommunications company headquartered in Macquarie Park,New South Wales,Australia. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of Singaporean telecommunications company Singtel. Optus is the second-largest wireless carrier in Australia,with 10.5 million subscribers as of 2019.
The Commonwealth Bank of Australia (CBA),or CommBank,is an Australian multinational bank with businesses across New Zealand,Asia,the United States and the United Kingdom. It provides a variety of financial services including retail,business and institutional banking,funds management,superannuation,insurance,investment and broking services. The Commonwealth Bank is the largest Australian listed company on the Australian Securities Exchange as of August 2015 with brands including Bankwest,Colonial First State Investments,ASB Bank,Commonwealth Securities (CommSec) and Commonwealth Insurance (CommInsure).
Zygmunt Edward "Ziggy" Switkowski,,is a Polish Australian business executive and nuclear physicist. His most public role was as the chief executive officer of Australia's largest telecommunications company Telstra from 1999 to 2004. During his tenure,he oversaw the privatisation of the then government-owned corporation through a series of public tranche sales. Currently,he is the chairman of both NBN Co and Suncorp,a director of Healthscope,Oil Search and Tabcorp and the Chancellor of the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology.
The Postmaster-General's Department (PMG) was a department of the Australian federal government,established at Federation in 1901,whose responsibilities included the provision of postal and telegraphic services throughout Australia. It was abolished in December 1975 and replaced by the Postal and Telecommunications Department. Two separate legal entities had been established in July 1975 to take over the department's operations:Telecom Australia and Australia Post.
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John Wilcox Stocker AO is an Australian immunologist and the former Chairman of the Board of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO),the national government body for scientific research in Australia. Stocker is a former Chief Scientist of Australia.
Telstra Corporation Limited v. The Commonwealth was an important case decided in the High Court of Australia on 6 March 2008.
Catherine Brighid Livingstone,,is an Australian businesswoman who has held positions in the Commonwealth Bank of Australia,CSIRO,Macquarie Bank and Telstra.
Allan Douglas Hawke,was Australian senior public servant and diplomat.
The Telecommunication Society of Australia (TSA) has served the Australian telecommunications industry as its learned society since its initial formation as the Telegraph Electrical Society in 1874,in response to enthusiasm for the then new engineering science of electrical telegraphy. Since then the Society has evolved in response to the industry’s growth through successive phases of industry restructuring:the introduction of telephony by the private sector (1880);nationalization following Federation of Australia (1901);the passing of the Postmaster-General Department’s monopoly role (1902–1975) to the arms-length government business Telecom Australia (1975–92);and the introduction of competition with the staged privatisation of Telecom Australia’s successor,Telstra,in 1991,1997 and 2005.
Philip James Flood is a distinguished former Australian diplomat and a former senior public servant. The highlights of Flood's career include Secretary of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and former High Commissioner to the United Kingdom. He was also Ambassador to Indonesia,Director-General of the Australian Agency for International Development,Director-General of the Office of National Assessments,and Head of the Inquiry into the Australian Intelligence Community.
Jillian Rosemary Broadbent is an Australian public figure and businesswoman.
Russell Allan Higgins is a former senior Australian public servant and policymaker.
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Privatisation in Australia is the process of transiting a public service or good to the private sector through a variety of mechanisms that was commenced by the Federal Government in the 1990s,receiving bipartisan support. More generally,privatisation is a set of economic policies that is part of a broader system of deregulation of government services,underpinned by the ideology of Liberalism,in order to achieve economic outcomes of growth,efficiency and productivity. Some examples of sectors that have been privatised include finance,telecommunications and infrastructure. Australia's public service has also transformed with the introduction of New Public Management (NPM) in the late twentieth century which altered public administration models to appear more "business-like" through performance evaluations that emphasise efficiency,productivity and service delivery.