Last updated
tinaau ndii.jpg
Native nameतिनाउ (Nepali)
CountryNepal, India
Region Lumbini Province
District Rupendehi, Palpa
Municipality Butwal
Physical characteristics
Source Churia Range
  location Palpa, Nepal
  elevation300 m (980 ft)
Length95 km (59 mi)
  minimum2.2 m3/s (78 cu ft/s)
  maximum2,500 m3/s (88,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
  leftChidiya Khola
  rightDovan Khola

The Tinau is a Class- II category River originating from the Mahabharat Mountains and flowing through the Siwalik Hills and Terai Plain at Butwal, Nepal before joining the Ganges.


River morphology

The length of the Tinau is 95 km starting from Palpa to Indo-Nepal Border at Marchawar. The catchment area of the river is about 1081 sq. km up to the border. [1]

River flow

The minimum flow of the river is about 2.2 m3/s in April while the calculated 100 years return period flow in 2500m3/s.

The maximum recorded flow at DHM station no 390 is as follows: [2]

YearMaximum Flow (m3/s)



In 1981, there was a huge flood that destroyed two suspension bridges and the powerhouse shaft of Himal Hydro. [3]


In the flood of 2007 at least 500 households of Butwal municipality were displaced.


In 2008, due to outburst of embankment, about 250 households were displace in Butwal municipality due to the flood.[ citation needed ]

Water Use


Tinau Hydropower Plant

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  1. Dahal, Khet Raj (2012). "A Review of Riverbed Extraction and its Effects on Aquatic Environment with Special Reference to Tinau River, Nepal". Hydor Nepal. 11 (JULY): 49–56. doi: 10.3126/hn.v11i0.7163 .
  2. Nepal, Department of Hydrology and Metrology (2000). DHM station no 390.

27°45′N83°31′E / 27.750°N 83.517°E / 27.750; 83.517