Titan (steam tug 1894)

Last updated
Drente II van Wijsmuller.jpg
As Drente II in the service of Wijsmuller
  • 1894-1919 Zur Mühlen & Co.
  • 1919 Internationale Sleepdienst Maatschappij
  • 1919-1935 Bureau Wijsmuller [1]
BuilderNV werf v/h Rijkee & Co., Rotterdam
Yard number70 [2]
Launched13 August 1894
Maiden voyage3 October 1894
In service7 October 1894
Out of service19 October 1935
FateGrounded 19 October 1935 and scrapped in situ
General characteristics
TypeSteam tug
Tonnage352 grt
Length44.83 m [1]
Beam7.39 m
Depth3.89 m
Installed powersteam engine
Speed10 kn [1]

The Titan (later: Drente) was a steam tug that was built in 1894 and sailed for three Dutch tug companies until it was decommissioned in 1935.


At the yard, NV werf v/h Rijkee & Co. in Rotterdam, the Titan was launched on 13 August 1894. It was towed to Vlissingen where De Schelde installed the engine and boiler. In October the same year it was handed over to the company Zur Mühlen & Co., and put in service. The tug had an engine of a 1000hp and it could load 280 tonnes of coal, giving it a range of 7418 km. It was mainly active in the waters around northwest Europe, but also did assignments to the United States. In 1913 the Titan, together with the Atlas of the same company, towed a dry dock from Texel in the Netherlands to Surabaya in the Dutch East Indies. She did work for the Royal Netherlands Navy as well as for the merchant navy, towing the Gelderland in 1900 and the Evertsen in 1905. [3]

In the course of World War I Zur Mühlen got into difficulties and the company was liquidated in 1918–20. The Titan was sold to Smit International in 1919 and renamed Hudson. Smit sold it to Bureau Wijsmuller later that same year and it was put in service as Drente. For Wijsmuller the tug did much the same work as it did for its previous owners.

On 19 October 1935 the freighter Kerkplein called for assistance. The Drente responded and tried to take the Kerkplein in tow. The towing line broke three times and ended up in the propeller of the tug the third time. Both ships ran aground near Egmond aan Zee. Because of its age decommissioning was decided for the Drente and it was demolished on the beach. [1]


  1. 1 2 3 4 Ship entry, MarHisData.nl, retrieved 13 October 2015.
  2. Entry 5600660, Miramar Ship Index (subscription required), retrieved 23 February 2016.
  3. (in Dutch) Entry Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine , (1900 and 1905), bureau-wijsmuller.nl, retrieved 13 October 2015.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tugboat</span> Boat that maneuvers other vessels by pushing or towing them

A tugboat or tug is a marine vessel that manoeuvres other vessels by pushing or pulling them, with direct contact or a tow line. These boats typically tug ships in circumstances where they cannot or should not move under their own power, such as in crowded harbors or narrow canals, or cannot move at all, such as barges, disabled ships, log rafts, or oil platforms. Some are ocean-going, and some are icebreakers or salvage tugs. Early models were powered by steam engines, which were later superseded by diesel engines. Many have deluge gun water jets, which help in firefighting, especially in harbours.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Salvage tug</span> Specialized type of tugboat

A salvage tug, known also historically as a wrecking tug, is a specialized type of tugboat that is used to rescue ships that are in distress or in danger of sinking, or to salvage ships that have already sunk or run aground.

USS <i>Caesar</i> Collier of the United States Navy

USS Caesar (AC-16) was a collier that was built in England in 1896 and scrapped in Japan in 1935. She was launched as Kingtor for a British shipping company, served in the United States Navy as Caesar from 1898 to 1923, and then was sold to a Canadian shipping company who renamed her Mogul.

USS <i>Lykens</i> Tugboat of the United States Navy

USS Lykens (SP-876/AT-56) was a steam tugboat purchased from the Reading Company by the United States Navy in 1917. Because she was privately built, she was not of a ship class. She was the only U.S. Navy ship of this name.

USS <i>Papago</i> Tugboat of the United States Navy

USS Papago (ATF-160) was an Abnaki-class fleet ocean tug built for the United States Navy during World War II, and named for the American Indian tribe of the Piman family that formerly lived south and southeast of the Gila River in Arizona and the Mexican state of Sonora.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Emergency tow vessel</span> Type of ship used for towing disabled vessels across high seas to safe waters

An emergency tow vessel, also called emergency towing vessel, (ETV) is a multi purpose boat used by state authorities to tow disabled vessels on high seas in order to prevent dangers to man and environment. The disabled vessel is either towed to a safe haven or kept in place against wind and current until commercial assistance by tug boats has arrived on site or until it has been repaired to the extent of being able to manoeuvre on its own. The need for ETVs as a preventive measure has arisen since the number of available commercial salvage tugs was reduced while potential dangers from individual vessels have increased. E.g. Spain has fourteen, Turkey has eleven, Germany operates eight, Norway has seven, France has five, Sweden three and the Netherlands, Poland, South Africa, Iceland and Finland each have one official emergency tug boat. Australia also operates emergency response vessels. The United Kingdom's four strong ETV fleet was to be disbanded in September 2011 due to budget cuts but the two vessels operating in Scottish waters received an extension of contract until the end of 2011.

USNS <i>Powhatan</i> Tugboat of the United States Navy

USNS Powhatan (T-ATF-166) was the lead ship of the United States Navy Powhatan-class fleet ocean tugboats. She was in service with the U.S. Navy from 1979 to 1999, and then was leased to a private towing and salvage company. At the end of the lease in 2008, the ship was sold to the Turkish Navy which recommissioned her as TCG Inebolu.

USS <i>Umpqua</i> (ATA-209) Tugboat of the United States Navy

USS Umpqua (ATA-209), originally designated ATR-136, was laid down as ATA-209 on 15 December 1944 at Port Arthur, Texas, by Gulfport Boiler & Welding Works; launched on 2 February 1945; and commissioned on 2 April 1945. She was the third United States Navy ship named for the Umpqua River, which was named for the Umpqua, a tribe of American Indians.

SS <i>Santa Kyriaki</i>

Santa Kyriaki was a 2,958 GRT cargo ship that was built in 1945 as Empire Crusoe by Ailsa Shipbuilding Co, Troon, Ayrshire, Scotland for the Ministry of War Transport (MoWT). She was sold in 1946 and renamed Greenland and a further sale in 1955 saw her renamed Heminge. In 1956, she was sold to Liberia and renamed Maria Luisa. A sale in 1963 to a Panamanian company saw her renamed Santa Kyriaki. She served until running aground off IJmuiden, Netherlands in 1965 and was scrapped in 1966.

HNLMS <i>De Ruyter</i> (1901) Koningin Regentes-class coastal defence ship

HNLMS De Ruyter was a Koningin Regentes-class coastal defence ship (pantserschip) of the Royal Netherlands Navy. The ship was built by the Maatschappij voor Scheeps- en Werktuigbouw Fijenoord in Rotterdam just after the turn of the 20th century. The ship participated in two colonial expeditions in the Dutch East Indies. She made several journeys to show the flag and was finally decommissioned in 1923.

HNLMS <i>O 1</i>

O 1 was a Holland 7P patrol submarine of the Royal Netherlands Navy. The ship was built by the De Schelde shipyard in Flushing and was the first submarine in the Dutch navy. It had a diving depth of 25 metres.

HNLMS <i>Hertog Hendrik</i> Koningin Regentes-class coastal defence ship

HNLMS Hertog Hendrik was a Koningin Regentes-class coastal defence ship (pantserschip) of the Royal Netherlands Navy. The ship was built at the Rijkswerf in Amsterdam at the start of the twentieth century. She was the first ship in the Dutch navy to be equipped with wireless communication. The ship took part in two expeditions to South Celebes and during the Spanish Civil War she performed convoy duties. During World War II she was captured by the invading German forces and converted into an anti-aircraft battery. After the war the ship was recovered and given back to the Netherlands, to be converted into an accommodation ship.

HNLMS <i>Noordbrabant</i> (1899)

HNLMS Noordbrabant was a Holland-class protected cruiser of the Royal Netherlands Navy.


Suriname-Rivier is a lightvessel permanently berthed in a wet dock in the Fort Nieuw-Amsterdam Open-Air Museum in Nieuw-Amsterdam, Commewijne, Suriname.

HNLMS <i>Koningin Emma der Nederlanden</i> Ship

HNLMS Koningin Emma der Nederlanden was an Atjeh-class unprotected cruiser of the Royal Dutch Navy.

SS <i>Roosevelt</i> (1905) American steamship

SS Roosevelt was an American steamship of the early 20th century. She was designed and constructed specifically for Robert Peary′s polar exploration expeditions, and she supported the 1908 expedition in which he claimed to have discovered the North Pole.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Burgerhout</span> Dutch company

Burgerhout was a Dutch company in Rotterdam, active from 1852 to 1932. In 1865 it became a machine factory. In 1909 it started to build ships and in 1927 it branched out to the aircraft industry.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">J. & K. Smit</span>

J. & K. Smit was a Dutch shipbuilding company located in Kinderdijk and Krimpen aan de Lek. Its successor is now part of Royal IHC.

Surabaya Dock of 14,000 tons Floating dry dock in the Dutch East Indies

Surabaya Dock of 14,000 tons was a floating dry dock which served in the Dutch East Indies and Indonesia from 1916 till at least the late 1950s.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">L. Smit en Zoon</span> Dutch shipbuilding company (1791–1965)

L. Smit en Zoon previously known as Fop Smit, was a Dutch shipbuilding company located in Kinderdijk. Its successor is now part of Royal IHC.