Titans of the Deep

Last updated

Titans of the Deep is a 1938 film inspired by the early 1930s deep-sea dives made by William Beebe and Otis Barton. Beebe and Barton were the first to set ocean depth records in a device invented by Barton.


The film was written by Les Adams. It was somewhat intended as a documentary but was often sold and advertised as an exploitation/horror picture.[ citation needed ]


Prominent scientists Dr. William Beebe and Otis Barton, using the Bathysphere invented by Barton, descend several thousand feet to the ocean floor off the shores of Bermuda to study and film sea creatures seen and filmed at that depth for the first time.

Related Research Articles

Challenger Deep Deepest known point in the Earths seabed hydrosphere

The Challenger Deep is the deepest known point of the seabed in the Earth's hydrosphere, with a depth of 10,902 to 10,929 m (35,768–35,856 ft) by direct measurement from deep-diving submersibles, remotely operated underwater vehicles, and benthic landers and (sometimes) slightly more by sonar bathymetry.

Jacques Cousteau French Naval Officer who invented SCUBA and made the first underwater documentaries

Jacques-Yves Cousteau, was a French naval officer, divemaster, oceanographer, filmmaker and author who co-invented the first open-circuit SCUBA set and made the first underwater documentaries.

Mariana Trench Deepest oceanic trench on Earth

The Mariana Trench or Marianas Trench is located in the western Pacific Ocean about 200 kilometres (124 mi) east of the Mariana Islands; it is the deepest oceanic trench on Earth. It is crescent-shaped and measures about 2,550 km (1,580 mi) in length and 69 km (43 mi) in width. The maximum known depth is 10,984 metres (36,037 ft) at the southern end of a small slot-shaped valley in its floor known as the Challenger Deep. However, some unrepeated measurements place the deepest portion at 11,034 metres (36,201 ft). If Mount Everest were hypothetically placed into the trench at this point, its peak would still be underwater by more than two kilometres (1.2 mi).

The timeline of underwater diving technology is a chronological list of notable events in the history of the development of underwater diving equipment. With the partial exception of breath-hold diving, the development of underwater diving capacity, scope, and popularity, has been closely linked to available technology, and the physiological constraints of the underwater environment.

William Beebe American ornithologist, marine biologist, entomologist, and explorer

CharlesWilliam Beebe was an American naturalist, ornithologist, marine biologist, entomologist, explorer, and author. He is remembered for the numerous expeditions he conducted for the New York Zoological Society, his deep dives in the Bathysphere, and his prolific scientific writing for academic and popular audiences.

Sargasso Sea Region of the North Atlantic Ocean

The Sargasso Sea is a region of the Atlantic Ocean bounded by four currents forming an ocean gyre. Unlike all other regions called seas, it has no land boundaries. It is distinguished from other parts of the Atlantic Ocean by its characteristic brown Sargassum seaweed and often calm blue water.

Otis Barton American diver and actor (1899–1992)

Frederick Otis Barton Jr. was an American deep-sea diver, inventor and actor.

DSV-4 is a 25-ton, crewed deep-ocean research submersible owned by the United States Navy, now known only by its hull number, not by its former name.

Nonsuch Island, Bermuda

Nonsuch Island is part of the chain of islands which make up Bermuda. It is in St George's Parish, in the northeast of Bermuda. It is 5.7 ha in area and is at the east entrance to Castle Harbour, close to the south-easternmost point of Cooper's Island. Among the island's charted features is a bay called Nonsuch Bay.

The Bathysphere was a unique spherical deep-sea submersible which was unpowered and lowered into the ocean on a cable, and was used to conduct a series of dives off the coast of Bermuda from 1930 to 1934. The Bathysphere was designed in 1928 and 1929 by the American engineer Otis Barton, to be used by the naturalist William Beebe for studying undersea wildlife. Beebe and Barton conducted dives in the Bathysphere together, marking the first time that a marine biologist observed deep-sea animals in their native environment. Their dives set several consecutive world records for the deepest dive ever performed by a human. The record set by the deepest of these, to a depth of 3,028 ft (923 m) on August 15, 1934, lasted until it was broken by Barton in 1949.

Benthoscope Unpowered spherical deep-sea observation submersible lowered on a cable

The Benthoscope was a deep sea submersible designed by Otis Barton after the Second World War. He hired the Watson-Stillman Company, who had earlier constructed his and William Beebe's bathysphere to produce the new design of deep diving vessel, which was named from the Greek benthos, meaning "bottom".

Deep-sea exploration Investigation of physical, chemical, and biological conditions on the sea bed

Deep-sea exploration is the investigation of physical, chemical, and biological conditions on the sea bed, for scientific or commercial purposes. Deep-sea exploration is considered a relatively recent human activity compared to the other areas of geophysical research, as the depths of the sea have been investigated only during comparatively recent years. The ocean depths still remain a largely unexplored part of the planet, and form a relatively undiscovered domain.

Spiniphryne, also called spiny dreamers, is a genus of dreamers. Like other deep-sea anglerfish, Spiniphryne lure prey to them by means of a modified first dorsal fin ray with a bioluminescent bulb at the tip. Spiniphryne is unique amongst the oneirodids for being covered in tiny spines.

Depth sounding Measuring the depths of a body of water

Depth sounding, often simply called sounding, is measuring the depth of a body of water. Data taken from soundings are used in bathymetry to make maps of the floor of a body of water, such as the seabed topography.

Beebe Hydrothermal Vent Field

The Beebe Hydrothermal Vent Field is located just south of Grand Cayman in the Caribbean, on the north side of the Mid-Cayman Spreading Centre in the Cayman Trough. Approximately 24 kilometres (15 mi) south of Beebe is the Von Damm Vent Field.

The following events occurred in August 1934:

Bathysidus Cryptid

The five-lined constellation fish is species of fish that was described by William Beebe on 11 August 1934, being spotted by the biologist as he descended to a depth of 580 metres of the coast of Bermuda.

Bathysphaera Cryptid

"Bathysphaera intacta", the "giant dragonfish" is species of fish that was described by William Beebe on 22 September 1932, being spotted by the biologist as he descended to a depth of 640 metres of the coast of Bermuda .

Bathyembryx Cryptid

Bathyembryx istiophasma, the pallid sailfin, is hypothetical species of fish observed by William Beebe on 11 August 1934. He describing seeing the species twice during the same dive at depths of 1,500 feet (460 m) and 2,500 feet (760 m) near the coast of Bermuda