Title-V Graduate Programs

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Title V of the Higher Education Act (HEA) is a federally funded grant program, created in 1998 to assist certain colleges and universities in improving the higher education of Hispanic students in the United States. It is also known as the Developing Hispanic-Serving Institutions Program, [1] being directed towards what are designated as Hispanic-serving institutions (HSIs).

Higher Education Act of 1965

The Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA) was legislation signed into United States law on November 8, 1965, as part of President Lyndon Johnson's Great Society domestic agenda. Johnson chose Texas State University, his alma mater, as the signing site. The law was intended "to strengthen the educational resources of our colleges and universities and to provide financial assistance for students in postsecondary and higher education". It increased federal money given to universities, created scholarships, gave low-interest loans for students, and established a National Teachers Corps. The "financial assistance for students" is covered in Title IV of the HEA.

Higher education Academic tertiary education, such as from colleges and universities

Higher education is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion of secondary education. Often delivered at universities, academies, colleges, seminaries, conservatories, and institutes of technology, higher education is also available through certain college-level institutions, including vocational schools, trade schools, and other career colleges that award academic degrees or professional certifications. Tertiary education at non-degree level is sometimes referred to as further education or continuing education as distinct from higher education. The right of access to higher education is mentioned in a number of international human rights instruments. The UN International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of 1966 declares, in Article 13, that "higher education shall be made equally accessible to all, on the basis of capacity, by every appropriate means, and in particular by the progressive introduction of free education". In Europe, Article 2 of the First Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights, adopted in 1950, obliges all signatory parties to guarantee the right to education.

The term Hispanic broadly refers to the people, nations, and cultures that have a historical link to the Spanish language or the country of Spain, depending on the context.


Historical background

The United States Higher Education Act of 1965 was signed into law on November 8, 1965. The law was intended "to strengthen the educational resources of our colleges and universities and to provide financial assistance for students in postsecondary and higher education". [2]

The research that led to the creation of Title V found that HSIs provided a significant proportion of postsecondary opportunities for Hispanic students, whilst receiving less in State and local funding per student than other institutions of higher education. This was found to be limiting their ability to expand and improve programs and institutional strength. HSIs were defined as those with low education and general expenditures, and 25 percent or more full-time equivalent undergraduate Hispanic students of whom 50 percent or more were low-income. [3] [4]

Provisions of Title V

Title V funding was granted to higher educational institutions to enable them to improve and expand their provision for Hispanic students and other low-income students. Such activities could include the renovation of instructional facilities, faculty development, the purchase of scientific or laboratory equipment for teaching, financial and administrative management, development and improvement of academic programs, joint use of facilities, academic tutoring, counseling programs, and student support services. Grants covered a period of up to 5 years. [4]


In 2006, $95 million was awarded to 151 HSIs under Title V. [5] Research found that the "sustained institutional funding" provided under Title V had an effect on the number of degrees awarded. [6]

Title V expansion

In 2009 Title V was expanded. For the first time it provided funding for graduate programs of HSIs in its new "Part B" section ("Promoting Postbaccalaureate Opportunities for Hispanic Americans"). The stated purposes were to expand postbaccalaureate educational opportunities for, and improve the academic attainment of, Hispanic students; and to expand and improve postbaccalaureate academic programs in those institutions of higher education that were educating large numbers of Hispanic and low-income students. [7]

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Elementary and Secondary Education Act United States Law, part of Johnsons War on Poverty

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A Pell Grant is a subsidy the U.S. federal government provides for students who need it to pay for college. Federal Pell Grants are limited to students with financial need, who have not earned their first bachelor's degree, or who are enrolled in certain post-baccalaureate programs, through participating institutions. The Pell Grant is named after Democratic U.S. Senator Claiborne Pell of Rhode Island, and was originally known as the Basic Educational Opportunity Grant. A Pell Grant is generally considered the foundation of a student's financial aid package, to which other forms of aid are added. The Federal Pell Grant program is administered by the United States Department of Education, which determines the student's financial need and through it, the student's Pell eligibility. The U.S. Department of Education uses a standard formula to evaluate financial information reported on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) for determining the student's expected family contribution (EFC).

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  1. "Title V: Laws, Regulations, and Guidance". UC Davis: Division of Student Affairs.
  2. The Higher Education Act Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine .
  3. Improving opportunities strategies from the Secretary of Education for Hispanic and limited English proficient students: a response to the Hispanic Dropout Project. DIANE Publishing. ISBN   978-1-4289-2731-5.
  4. 1 2 East Los Angeles College Foundation: Programs and Projects Archived 2010-03-23 at the Wayback Machine .
  5. Low-Income and Minority Serving Institutions: Education Has Taken Steps to Improve Monitoring and Assistance, but Further Progress Is Needed. U.S. Government Accountability Office. 2007. p. 7. ISBN   978-1-4223-9690-2.
  6. Edward P. St. John; Nathan Daun-Barnett; Karen M. Moronski-Chapman (2013). Public Policy and Higher Education: Reframing Strategies for Preparation, Access, and College Success. Routledge. p. 24. ISBN   978-0-415-89356-5.
  7. Title V—Developing Institutions: Sec. 501: Authorized Activities, reproduced by National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities.