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2nd Cihuacoatl of Mexico-Tenochtitlan
8 Reed (1487) – 11 Reed (1503)
Tlatoani Ahuitzotl
Moctezuma II
Preceded by Tlacaelel I
Succeeded by Tlacaelel II
Father Tlacaelel
Mother Maquiztzin
Children14 children

Tlilpotonqui or Tlilpotoncatzin (died in the year 11 Reed/1503) was the second cihuacoatl ("president") of Mexico-Tenochtitlan.

Tlilpotoncatzin was the second son of Tlacaelel and Maquiztzin. His father was a son of the second tlatoani ("ruler" or "king") of Tenochtitlan, Huitzilihuitl. While Tlacaelel never became tlatoani himself, as cihuacoatl he played a significant role in the creation of the Aztec Empire. His mother was the daughter of Huehue Quetzalmacatzin, king of Itztlacozauhcan in Amaquemecan Chalco. [1] Tlilpotoncatzin succeeded his father as cihuacoatl upon his death in the year 8 Reed (1487). [2]

A quetzalpatzactli, from the Codex Mendoza. Quetzalpatzactli.jpg
A quetzalpatzactli , from the Codex Mendoza.

According to the Crónica mexicayotl of Fernando Alvarado Tezozomoc, composed around 1598, Tlilpotoncatzin was a great, brave warrior. In battle he wore the quetzalpatzactli , a crest of quetzal feathers. [3]

Tlilpotoncatzin took at least two wives, both from Amaquemecan: Xiuhtoztzin, the daughter of Yaopaintzin, quauhtlatoani of Tequanipan Huixtoco; and Quauhtlamiyahualtzin, a noblewoman from Acxotlan Cihuateopan. [4] He fathered fourteen children, eleven males and three females. [5] A son by Xiuhtoztzin, Miccacalcatl Tlatletecuintzin, was installed as the ruler of Tequanipan; [6] and one of his daughters, Tzihuacxochitzin II, married Moctezuma II, and gave birth to Leonor Moctezuma and María Moctezuma. [7]

Tlilpotoncatzin died in the year 11 Reed (1503). [8] He was succeeded by his nephew Tlacaelel II, the son of his elder brother Cacamatzin. [9]


  1. Chimalpahin (1997): vol. 1, pp. 49, 141–143.
  2. Chimalpahin (1997): vol. 1, p. 53; vol. 2, p. 35.
  3. Chimalpahin (1997): vol. 1, p. 145.
  4. Chimalpahin (1997): vol. 1., p. 153.
  5. Chimalpahin (1997): vol. 1, p. 143.
  6. Chimalpahin (1997): vol. 1, p. 157; vol. 2, p. 89.
  7. Chimalpahin (1997): vol. 1, pp. 55, 143, 163; vol. 2., p. 109.
  8. Chimalpahin (1997): vol. 1, p. 157; vol. 2, p. 37.
  9. Chimalpahin (1997): vol. 1, p. 55; vol. 2, p. 37.

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Preceded by Cihuacoatl of Mexico-Tenochtitlan
Succeeded by