Last updated

Tlosaih are one of the Major Group of Mara people, who inhabited the southernmost part of Mizoram under the Mara Autonomous District Council. Tlosaih people are the largest among the Mara people. Their language, which was converted into the Roman Script by the late missionary Rev.R.A. Lorrain, is used as a liturgical language and further in literature. Thus, Tlosaih language automatically formed common language for all the Maras, and can be counted widely as Mara language.

All Tlosais live in India. The Tlosai group live mostly in Western and North-Western part of Maraland, India. The towns Siaha, Thosai, Tisopi, Amobyuh, Amotlah, Thiahra, Saikao, Laty, Pala, Tokalo, Kiasie, Lodawh, Lomasu and Bymari are all Tlosai villages.

Tlôsaih people can be divided into two groups; Siaha-Tlôsaih and Saikao-Tlôsaih. The village Saikao was also previously known as Tlôsaih village as in the past Mara villages were usually named after their sub-tribes in contrast to Lusei tribe who named their village after their Chief's name. Almost all Tlosaih villages were ruled by Hlychho chiefs.

Related Research Articles

The Na or Nga people is a small tribal group residing in the higher reaches, below the great Himalayan ranges in Upper Subansiri district of Arunachal Pradesh, India. Within the district, they are found in the villages within Taksing circle: Gumsing, Taying, Esnaya, Lingbing, Tongla, Yeja, Reding, Redi, Dadu villages. As of 2000, the tribal population stood at 1,500. However, in all official censuses the Nga are classified together with the Tagin, who are ethnically related to them.

Mizo people

The Mizo people are Zo people native to north-eastern India. This term covers several ethnic peoples who speak various Kuki-Chin-Mizo languages. The Mizos are indigenous people in the Indian state of Mizoram and its neighboring areas. All Mizo tribes and clans, in their folk legends, claim that Chhinlung/Sinlung/Khul, which means 'enclosed with a rock' in the Mizo languages, was the cradle of the Mizos.

The Mara are the native inhabitants of Mizoram in India, native to northeastern India, primarily in the Mara Autonomous District Council of the state of Mizoram, where they form the majority of the population. The Maras are related to Kuki and Mizos in India and Kachin, Karen, Shan and Chins in Myanmar. Significant numbers of Maras are also found living south-western and south-central part of Chin State (Burma), in Myanmar - the contiguous area of Mara area in India mostly separated by Kolodyne / Chhimtuipui / Beino river, which forms an international boundary. They were earlier known as the Lakher by outsiders as Tlaikao/Lushai called them by that name and as Zochhia by the Lai and Shendu by the Khumi people, Dai people, Shô people, Matu people, and Rakhaing, and the new name Mara was inserted in List of Scheduled Tribes in Mizoram state in 1978 replacing the old name. The Maras were in early period known to the outside world under different tribal names such as Mara, Lakher, Shendu, Magha, Miram, Baungshel or Shendoo, Maring, Zyu or Zao/Zho, Khuangsai, etc. They constitute a distinct tribal group lying in Siaha / Saiha district of Mizoram, while also occupying northern part of Paletwa township and Matupi township, Western and Southern part of Thlantlang township, Southern part of Haka township. They called themselves "Maras".


Maraland is a region in the South-Eastern part of Mizoram state, signifying the Mara people inhabited area. The region is one of the three Autonomous District Councils within Mizoram state of India. The Mara Autonomous District Council government is headed by Chief Executive Member, currently by Puhpa N.Zakhai, a veteran Congress politician. Maraland is not to be coined with political name nor district or any other territorial name, but rather it signifies the area occupied by Mara people as their homeland.

Mara Autonomous District Council

Mara Autonomous District Council (MADC) is one of the three Autonomous District Councils within Mizoram state of India. It covers Siaha subdivision and Tipa subdivision of Siaha district. Primarily, an autonomous administrative government meant for the Mara people living in the state. It is situated in the southern tip of Mizoram state bordering Myanmar. Its autonomy was established and carved out from the erstwhile Pawi-Lakher Regional Council on 29 May 1971 and separated the next year as Lakher Autonomous District Council, and renamed it to current name in 1988. It covers 1445 square kilometres.

Siaha Town in Mizoram, India

Siaha is a census town in Siaha district in the Indian north-eastern state of Mizoram. It is the Headquarters of the Mara Autonomous District Council, one of the three autonomous district councils within Mizoram. It is located in the South Central part of the state. The word 'Siaha' in the local Mara language comes from 'Sia' for Masia which means elephant and 'ha' meaning tooth - An elephant tooth. It was a place where a large amount of elephant teeth were found. Though the local people name the town as Siaha, Mizos called it by the name 'Saiha', which is purely a translated term in Mizo language.

Chakhei town in Mizoram, India

Chakhei or Chakhang is one of the villages/towns in Southern part of India's north-eastern state of Mizoram within Mara Autonomous District Council. The inhabitants are mostly Chapi /Hawthai Sizo dialect speaking Mara (Hawthai) tribe who were earlier known to outsiders as Lakher, Zochhia, Miram and Shendu.

History of Mizoram

The history of Mizoram encompasses the history of Mizoram which lies in the remotest part of northeast India. It is a conglomerate history of several ethnic groups of Chin people who migrated from Chin State of Burma. But information of their patterns of westward migration are based on oral history and archaeological inferences, hence nothing definite can be said. The recorded history started relatively recently around the mid-19th century when the adjoining regions were occupied by the British monarchy. The land is now inhabited by a mixture of people from Chin Hills and Bangladesh and its history is therefore largely reflected by those of Lusei, Hmar, Lai, Mara and Chakmas tribes. Following religious, political and cultural revolutions in the mid-20th century majority of the people agglomerated into a super tribe, Mizo. Hence the officially recognised settlement of the Mizos became Mizoram.

The Jita are a Bantu ethnolinguistic group based in Mara Region in northern Tanzania, on the southeastern shore of Lake Victoria. In 2005 the Jita population was estimated to number 205,000. The Jita have many clans such as the Rusori clan, Batimba clan, and Bagamba clan.

Rezua Town in Chin State, Myanmar

Rezua is a town located in Rezua Township, Matupi District of Chin State, Myanmar (Burma) The name Rezua comes from the name Razawh after the chief of Rezua clan moved their village from Arphaephu Chia to the present location. It is 6000 feet above sea level, located in the central part of Chin State. The Zotung people are one of the tribe groups in Chin State. The Zotungs are a distinct tribe people in Myanmar. It is difficult to get historical records of these people as they didn't have a written language until the colonial time. However, their genealogy can be traced back as far as to the year 1300 AD as there are names of the places and traditional songs which reveals the time they were founded and composed. They use oral-based tradition to spread knowledge although they are known to have drawn arts. These people are a part of the Zo people. These people called themselves Zo/Zohae from time immemorial. In 1931, their language was recorded using the Roman alphabet by Hriabawi Khuamin. It is called the Zoccaw. Most prefer hunting animals for their meals like other Kuki-Chin peoples while some have settled to farming. Before Western influence, the Zos believed in Pachia and Khozing as their guardian gods and prayed to them for their health, wealth, and safety from demons of the forests through Khuarum services. When western missionaries entered Chinland, the Zo people converted to Christianity and currently the vast majority of them belong to various denominations of Christianity.

Evangelical Church of Maraland is a Church in southern Mizoram in Northeast India. It was founded by English missionary Rev. & Mrs Reginald Arthur Lorrain in 1907. It is the largest Church among Mara people. It is one of the three Mizoram Churches pioneered by English missionaries in the 19th century. Others are Mizoram Presbyterian Church and Baptist Church of Mizoram.

Saiha district District of Mizoram in India

Siaha District is one of the eleven districts of Mizoram state in India. The district is bounded on the northwest by Lunglei district, on the north and west by Lawngtlai District and on the south and east by Myanmar. The district occupies an area of 1399.9 km2. Siaha town is the administrative headquarters of the Mara Autonomous District Council. The population had decreased from 60,823 to 56,574. It is the least populous district of Mizoram.

Strictly speaking, Lai are the people belonging to the Lai Autonomous District Council of Mizoram. Outside this area they are scattered in Mizoram and many Lai people in Mizoram. Some state they are same as Lusei, North-East India, Hakha, Thantlang, and Falam of Chin State, Myanmar. Lai people can also be found outside their main dominant area. From a historical point of view, Lai is one of a dominant tribe of the so-called Chin-Kuki-Mizo, the community is scattered in different parts of the world, mainly concentrating in Mizoram, Chin Hills of Burma, South Bangladesh, etc.

Palak Dil

Palak Dil or Pala Tipo is the largest lake in southern Mizoram, northeast India. It is located in near Phura village in Saiha district, within the Mara Autonomous District Council. Its geographical location falls under the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot, and is therefore rich in animal and plant species. The lake is a major component of the Palak Wildlife Sanctuary, and it supports the major biodiversity of the sanctuary.

Lawngtlai Town in Mizoram, India

Lawngtlai is the district headquarters of Lawngtlai district in the state of Mizoram in India. It is also the headquarters of Lai Autonomous District Council, one of the three autonomous district councils in Mizoram.

The Kuki-Chin languages are a branch of 50 or so Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in northeastern India, western Burma and southeastern Bangladesh. Most speakers of these languages are known as Mizo in Mizoram and Manipur. Also, as Kukī in Bengali and as Chin in Burmese; some also identify as Zomi. Mizo is the most widely spoken of the Kuki-Chin languages.

Phura is a census town in Mara Autonomous District Council (MADC) in southern part of Mizoram state in Northeast India. It is the only plain area within Maraland. It is often called as the barn of Maraland due to its large production of rice from the fields in the plain surrounding the town. The people of this town speak a dialect of Mara known as Zyhno/Hlaipao Vahapi.It is inhabited by the Hlaipao tribes.It has only two village councils- Phura North and Phura South.

Saihriem people

The Faihriem, or Saihriem, are one of the major clans of Hmar tribe located in the Indian states of Assam, Manipur and Mizoram who speak the Saihriem dialect. It is one of the sub-tribe or clan of the Hmar tribe. However, some believe that the Faihriem tribe is distinct from the Hmar.

The Zanniat tribe are people of western Myanmar (Burma) who are a sub-group of the Chin peoples. The Zanniat tribe has fifty-seven sub-groupings and clans. The group's existence was recorded in Burma's 1931 census after being absent in the Chin Hills gazette of 1896. In 1943, the Zanniat tribal groups of eastern Falam Township were recorded by Henry Stevenson. The Zanniat may also be known by similar sounding names such as Zahnyiet, Zanniet, Zanngiat and Zannaing.

A Zakia is a literati, a literary personality from the Siaha town of Mizoram, India, who was awarded the Padma Sri, the fourth highest civilian honour, by the Indian government in March 2018 for the preservation of the Mara language and cultural ethos through his exemplary contribution towards Mara journalism and literary creation.