Tobias G. Natter (born 26 May 1961 in Dornbirn, Vorarlberg) is an Austrian art historian and internationally renowned art expert with a particular expertise in "Vienna 1900".
Natter studied art history and history at the universities of Innsbruck, Munich, and Vienna and graduated with a PhD in 1988.His museum career started at the Wien Museum, after which he spent 15 years with the Österreichische Galerie Belvedere in Vienna, serving ultimately as the museums´s head curator. Natter was also a consultant and frequent guest curator for the Jewish Museum Vienna, which was re-established in 1990. In 2001, he was invited by the Neue Galerie New York, founded by Ronald S. Lauder and Serge Sabarsky, to organize the museum's first loan exhibition devoted to Oskar Kokoschka. In 2006 Natter joined the Vorarlberg Museum as director launching the museum's architectural extension and repositioning. In 2011 he was assigned artistic director of the Leopold Museum in Vienna where he continued to develop the museum's profile and broadened the exhibition policy with uncommon shows such as nude men (2012/13). On October 28, 2013, he declared his dismissal from this function due to turbulence with his CFO Peter Weinhäupl and Weinhäupl's involvement with the Gustav Klimt Wien 1900 Privatstiftung featuring the Klimt collection of Gustav Ucicky, a prominent figure of Nazi filmmaking.
In 2014 he founded Natter Fine Arts, a company specializing in the development of exhibitions and the evaluation of art works. Most recently he curated amongst others exhibitions for the Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2016/17), the Neue Galerie New York (2017), the Österreichische Galerie Belvedere Vienna (2017), the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco (2017/18) and the Kunsthaus Zurich (2021).
Natter was entrusted with the estate appraisal of major Austrian artists such as Maria Lassnig (1919-2014), Ernst Fuchs (1930-2015), and Anton Lehmden (1929-2018). As part of his extensive writings, he published the current catalogue raisonné of the paintings by Gustav Klimt (2012) and Egon Schiele (2017) both of which are available in several languages.
In 2011 Natter was enrolled as a certified court expert for Austrian art from 1800 until today and is often consulted in provenance issues.
2018: awarded the title Professor by the Austrian Federal President.
Gustav Klimt was an Austrian symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession movement. Klimt is noted for his paintings, murals, sketches, and other objets d'art. Klimt's primary subject was the female body, and his works are marked by a frank eroticism. Amongst his figurative works, which include allegories and portraits, he painted landscapes. Among the artists of the Vienna Secession, Klimt was the most influenced by Japanese art and its methods.
Egon Leo Adolf Ludwig Schiele was an Austrian Expressionist painter. His work is noted for its intensity and its raw sexuality, and for the many self-portraits the artist produced, including nude self-portraits. The twisted body shapes and the expressive line that characterize Schiele's paintings and drawings mark the artist as an early exponent of Expressionism. Gustav Klimt, a figurative painter of the early 20th century, was a mentor to Schiele.
Oskar Kokoschka was an Austrian artist, poet, playwright, and teacher best known for his intense expressionistic portraits and landscapes, as well as his theories on vision that influenced the Viennese Expressionist movement.
The Neue Galerie New York is a museum of early twentieth-century German and Austrian art and design located in the William Starr Miller House at 86th Street and Fifth Avenue in New York City. Established in 2001, it is one of the most recent additions to New York City's famed Museum Mile, which runs from 83rd to 105th streets on Fifth Avenue in the Upper East Side of Manhattan.
The Österreichische Galerie Belvedere is a museum housed in the Belvedere palace, in Vienna, Austria.
Koloman Moser was an Austrian artist who exerted considerable influence on twentieth-century graphic art. He was one of the foremost artists of the Vienna Secession movement and a co-founder of Wiener Werkstätte.
The Stoclet Palace is a mansion in Brussels, Belgium. It was designed by the Austrian architect Josef Hoffmann for the Belgian financier Adolphe Stoclet. Built between 1905 and 1911 in the Vienna Secession style, it is located at 279–281, avenue de Tervueren/Tervurenlaan, in the Woluwe-Saint-Pierre municipality of Brussels. Considered Hoffman's masterpiece, the residence is one of the 20th century's most refined and luxurious private houses.
Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I is a painting by Gustav Klimt, completed between 1903 and 1907. The portrait was commissioned by the sitter's husband, Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer, a Jewish banker and sugar producer. The painting was stolen by the Nazis in 1941 and displayed at the Österreichische Galerie Belvedere in Vienna. The portrait is the final and most fully representative work of Klimt's golden phase. It was the first of two depictions of Adele by Klimt—the second was completed in 1912; these were two of several works by the artist that the family owned.
Emilie Louise Flöge was an Austrian fashion designer and businesswoman. She was the life companion of the painter Gustav Klimt.
Peter Noever is an Austrian designer and curator–at–large of art, architecture and media. From 1986 to 2011 he was the artistic director and CEO of MAK—Austrian Museum of Applied Arts and Contemporary Art in Vienna.
Facing the Modern: The Portrait in Vienna 1900 was an exhibition at the National Gallery, London, running from 9 October 2013 through to 12 January 2014.
Jane Kallir is an American art dealer, curator and author. She is co-director of the Galerie St. Etienne in New York, which specializes in Austrian and German Expressionism as well as self-taught and “outsider” art. In 2020, the gallery ceased commercial operations and became an art advisory. Its archives and library were transferred to the Kallir Research Institute, a foundation established in 2017. Kallir serves as President of the KRI. She has curated exhibitions for many American and international museums and is the author of the catalogue raisonné of Egon Schiele’s work in all mediums.
Galerie St. Etienne is a New York art gallery specializing in Austrian and German Expressionism, established in Vienna in 1939 by Otto Kallir. In 1923, Kallir founded the Neue Galerie in Vienna. Forced to leave Austria after the 1938 Nazi invasion, Kallir established his gallery in Paris as the Galerie St. Etienne, named after the Neue Galerie's location near Vienna's Cathedral of St. Stephen. In 1939, Kallir and his family left France for the United States, moving the Galerie St. Etienne to New York City. The gallery still exists, run by Otto Kallir's granddaughter Jane at 24 West 57th Street.
Otto Kallir was an Austrian-American art historian, author, publisher, and gallerist. He was awarded the Silbernes Ehrenzeichen für Verdienste um das Land Wien in 1968.
Max Oppenheimer, later known as MOPP, was an Austrian painter and graphic artist.
Gabriele Schor, born in Vienna in 1961, is an Austrian writer, art critic and curator. She is a specialist of the feminist avantgarde of the 1970s.
Serge Sabarsky was an art collector and art dealer of the 20th century.
Wolf Dieter Prix is an Austrian architect. In 1968 he co-founded the architects' cooperative Coop Himmelb(l)au, which has an international reputation as an important representative of deconstructivism.
The Duchess of Montesquiou-Fezensac is a 1910 oil portrait by Oskar Kokoschka. In this expressionist work Kokoschka strove to capture the essence of his sitter, a young noblewoman afflicted with tuberculosis, with somber tones and stylized gestures. Among his early portraits, Kokoschka considered the work his most valuable, and as his first work to be acquired by a museum it played a key role in establishing the young artist's reputation. During the Nazi period it was confiscated from the Museum Folkwang in Essen and pilloried in the Degenerate Art exhibition before being auctioned off. It is currently in the collection of the Cincinnati Art Museum.