Tony Banham

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Tony Banham
Tony Banham.jpg
Born (1959-07-24) 24 July 1959 (age 58)
Morley, Norfolk, England
Residence Hong Kong
Nationality British
Known for Hong Kong War Diary

Tony Banham is founder of the Hong Kong War Diary project, which studies and documents the 1941 defence of Hong Kong, the defenders, their families, and the fates of all until liberation. His published books:


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Are considered to be examples of some of the best research on the Hong Kong experience during the Second World War. [1] Mr. Banham is also very active in the "human side" of historical research relating to the era and often speaks at various symposia on the subject and carries on an active dialogue with survivors of the conflict and their families. He also maintains a close association with various diplomatic services, government agencies, and other official parties associated with providing care and services to those involved in the conflict. He serves, at the request on the Government of the Hong Kong SAR, on a special government panel which reviews and grants the payment of pensions to veterans ( or their survivors ) who served Hong Kong during the period.

Private life

Banham was born into an academic family in Norfolk. He is nephew of architectural historian Professor Reyner Banham 1922-1988 and great nephew of 1945-1964 Member of Parliament Edwin Gooch (1889-1964) He graduated in Computer Science at the University of Hertfordshire and had an initial career in research & development with Royal Dutch Shell and the European Space Agency at ESRIN. At the age of 30 he moved to Hong Kong, working there for a variety of software vendors including Informix and, today is a senior executive based in Hong Kong with Oracle. He is a licensed pilot and is married with two sons and has made Hong Kong his permanent home.

Norfolk County of England

Norfolk is a county in East Anglia in England. It borders Lincolnshire to the northwest, Cambridgeshire to the west and southwest, and Suffolk to the south. Its northern and eastern boundaries are the North Sea and, to the north-west, The Wash. The county town is Norwich. With an area of 2,074 square miles (5,370 km2) and a population of 859,400, Norfolk is a largely rural county with a population density of 401 per square mile. Of the county's population, 40% live in four major built up areas: Norwich (213,000), Great Yarmouth (63,000), King's Lynn (46,000) and Thetford (25,000).

Reyner Banham British architectural critic

Peter Reyner Banham, FRIBA was an English architectural critic and writer best known for his theoretical treatise Theory and Design in the First Machine Age (1960) and for his 1971 book Los Angeles: The Architecture of Four Ecologies. In the latter he categorized the Los Angeles experience into four ecological models and explored the distinct architectural cultures of each. Banham worked in London, but lived primarily in the United States from the late 1960s until the end of his life.

Edwin George Gooch was a British Labour Party politician and trade union leader.

Hong Kong War Diary

Hong Kong War Diary began as a simple attempt to locate and centralise documentation relating to Hong Kong's wartime garrison, but soon evolved into the core of a community of interest around this group of people. What started off as purely a centre of information exchange, grew into a historical network that helps today's descendants of the defenders place their ancestors' experiences in context, offers a service to other researchers, and reunites families split by war. His website has more than 10,000 regular readers and he is generally acknowledged as the authority on Hong Kong's POWs. [2] The central ethos of the project has been to catalyze the open exchange of all information from disparate sources for the benefit of the maximum number of people.

Banham's core interest is in the impact of war on society at both the micro and macro level. This interest runs the gamut from studying the civilian casualties in the London blitz to writing about the concept of the island of Tinian (where Banham has conducted on-site research) being, as the location where the final assembly of "Little Boy" and "Fat Man" took place, the geographical segue between the 'old war' (of tanks and marines storming beaches) to the 'new war' which has dominated civilization since Hiroshima. Hong Kong, while perhaps not the central theatre of the conflict, offered an opportunity to study a small population in the context of the critical path to victory that dominated the core of the Pacific War.

Banham received his PhD in history from the Australian Defence Force Academy (ADFA), Canberra. The book Reduced to a Symbolical Scale is closely based on his thesis.

Australian Defence Force Academy staff college

The Australian Defence Force Academy (ADFA) is a tri-service military Academy that provides military and tertiary academic education for junior officers of the Australian Defence Force in the Royal Australian Navy (RAN), Australian Army and Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). In 2016 the Academy began accepting civilian students in its undergraduate courses.

Published work

Banham's books – spin offs from Hong Kong War Diary – avoid the traditional historian's analyses. Instead, they set out to construct the most accurate possible chronology of the events concerned, populated almost entirely with the words of the people who experienced them. In "Not The Slightest Chance", a reference book laid out as a war diary, Banham documents the attempted defence of Hong Kong against Japanese invasion. "The Sinking of the Lisbon Maru" takes up the story of those defenders taken prisoner afterwards, who were then put on this vessel to be taken to POW Camps in Japan. "We Shall Suffer There" documents the remainder of the POW and Internee experience. His latest work, Reduced to a Symbolical Scale, documents the civilian evacuation of the then Colony in 1940 and the men they left behind. A future volume will cover the secret war for Hong Kong (the escapees and invaders, and the irregular forces that many joined). Banham has also contributed to a large number of other books and publications, including the history of the HKVDC: 'Serving Hong Kong', and is a contributor to Hong Kong's new Dictionary of National Biography. Mr. Banham's works are produced to the highest standards of historical and academic accuracy and have been widely read by both academic historians and members of the general public. However the narrow audience for the books limit the scope of sales and each work has been a "labor of love" as opposed to a financial bonanza for the author.

<i>Lisbon Maru</i>

Lisbon Maru (りすぼん丸) was a Japanese cargo liner built at Yokohama in 1920 for a Japanese shipping line. During World War II the ship became an armed troopship. On her final voyage Lisbon Maru was also transporting prisoners-of-war between Hong Kong and Japan when torpedoed on 1 October 1942, sinking with a loss of over 800 lives.

Banham has also appeared on or assisted with documentaries for TVB Pearl (Hong Kong), ATV (Hong Kong), RTHK Radio (Hong Kong), Phoenix TV (China), the BBC (UK), the History Channel (US), Breakthrough Films (Canada) and others.


Book Publisher Year
"Potato" Jone's Diary Battlefields Review 2001
Life Moves On, Time Moves Forward Battlefields Review 2001
Not The Slightest Chance Hong Kong University Press 2003
Serving Hong Kong – The Hong Kong Volunteers (One chapter) Hong Kong Museum of Coastal Defence 2004
A Small Story in a Big War Journal of the Pacific War Research Group 2004
WWII Ordnance in Hong Kong Journal of the Pacific War Research Group 2004
Where Old War Met New Journal of the Pacific War Research Group 2004
In Search of The Lisbon Maru Journal of the Pacific War Research Group 2005
A Short History of 3 Coy, Hong Kong Volunteer Defence Corps Royal Asiatic Society 2005
The Sinking of the Lisbon Maru Hong Kong University Press 2006
We Shall Suffer There Hong Kong University Press 2009
Ship of Death Discovery Channel Magazine 2009
A Short History of the Hong Kong Dockyard Defence Corps Royal Asiatic Society 2011
Hong Kong Dictionary of National Biography (three sections) Hong Kong university Press 2011
A Short History of the Hong Kong Chinese Regiment Royal Asiatic Society 2014
A Historiography of C Force Canadian Military History Vol 24 Iss 2 2015
Reduced to a Symbolical Scale Hong Kong University Press 2017
A Short History of Bungalow A, St Stephen's College Royal Asiatic Society 2017

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  1. Halladay, Laurel. "Canadian Military Journal" . Retrieved 9 September 2009.
  2. "Researching FEPOW History" . Retrieved 200-09-09.Check date values in: |access-date= (help)