Toria was a trimaran sailboat designed by Derek Kelsall and launched in 1966.It was named after Kelsall's daughter.
A trimaran is a multihull boat that comprises a main hull and two smaller outrigger hulls which are attached to the main hull with lateral beams. Most trimarans are sailing yachts designed for recreation or racing; others are ferries or warships.
A sailboat or sailing boat is a boat propelled partly or entirely by sails smaller than a sailing ship. Distinctions in what constitutes a sailing boat and ship vary by region and maritime culture.
Derek Kelsall is an English multihull sailboat designer now resident in New Zealand.
In 1966 Toria won the first RWYC Two-Handed Round Britain Race.It also won fifth place in the solo Atlantic race.
In 1976 Toria caught fire during the solo Atlantic race.
Toria was the first design by Kelsall, the first foam sandwich constructed trimaran in the world, and is directly credited with igniting French interest in multihull sailing.
France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
|“||I believe it is fair to say that [Toria] set the style for the racing trimarans. She sailed on two hulls, minimum weight foam sandwich, long full buoyant floats with full transom, curved beam and with one hull flying even at rest. Toria's weakness was her rig, which we put right on sister ship Trifle - same hulls, 20% wider, full battened mainsail, rotating mast and 7/8ths genoa.||”|
|— Derek Kelsall|
Toria led directly to the design of Trifle .
A multihull is a ship or boat with more than one hull, whereas a vessel with a single hull is a monohull.
The Single-handed Trans-Atlantic Race (STAR) is an east-to-west yacht race across the North Atlantic. When inaugurated in 1960, it was the first single-handed ocean yacht race; it is run from Plymouth to the United States, and is held every four years.
A sailing hydrofoil, hydrofoil sailboat, or hydrosail is a sailboat with wing-like foils mounted under the hull. As the craft increases its speed the hydrofoils lift the hull up and out of the water, greatly reducing wetted area, resulting in decreased drag and increased speed. A sailing hydrofoil can achieve speeds exceeding twice the wind speed.
Arthur Piver was a World War II pilot, an amateur sailor, author, printshop owner and legendary boatbuilder who lived in Mill Valley on San Francisco Bay and became "the father of the modern multihull." He also introduced new changes to the superfice of the boat, for better hydrodinamic, but he had no agreement.
ORMA 60 is a class of sailing trimarans administered by the Ocean Racing Multihull Association (ORMA) that created in 1996 by the International Sailing Federation (ISAF) within the sport of sailing. The boats were built to a box rule that permitted 60 feet length and beam and a 100-foot mast.
VPLP design is a French-based naval architectural firm founded by Marc Van Peteghem and Vincent Lauriot-Prévost, responsible for designing some of the world's most innovative racing boats. Their designs presently hold many of the World Speed Sailing records.
Manureva was a custom-built racing trimaran famous for being the first oceangoing multihull racing sailboat, opening the path to the supremacy in speed of this kind of boat over monohulls. She won the 1972 Single-Handed Trans-Atlantic Race, skippered by Alain Colas, and was lost at sea with Colas during the first “Route du Rhum” transatlantic solo race in 1978.
Lock Crowther was an Australian multihull sailboat designer. He grew up in Bairnsdale in the East Gippsland region of Victoria. Though his first name was Lachlan by birth, he insisted on being called Lock or Lockie.
Jim Brown is a multihull sailboat designer who collaborates with John Marples.
Roderick Macalpine Downie was an English multihull sailboat designer and sailor.
Norman Cross was a Canadian multihull sailboat designer.
Rongo was a 40 ft (12 m) ketch rigged catamaran built in Trinidad by James Wharram and sailed by him and his two German women companions from Trinidad to Ireland, via New York, arriving in 1959. Rongo was the first catamaran to sail from West to East across the North Atlantic. Rongo made two more Atlantic crossings, from Canaries to Trinidad in 1960 and the return voyage in 1961, when she was still the only catamaran to have made this West to East voyage. Wharram then proceeded to live on the vessel in North Wales. After these voyages Wharram started designing catamarans for people to build themselves, based on his experience of designing, building and sailing Rongo.
Moxie is a historic trimaran sailboat. It was custom designed by Dick Newick and built by Walter Greene to the 56 ft (17 m) OSTAR race limit at Handy Boat, Cousins River, Yarmouth, Maine. It was launched in 1980.
Walter Greene is an American multihull sailboat designer and builder.
Jens Quorning is a Danish multihull designer and head of Dragonfly Trimarans, a position in which he succeeded his father Børge Quorning.
The Searunner 31 is a trimaran sailboat designed by Jim Brown in the 1960s. It is the most popular boat in the Searunner series, which includes models from 25 ft (7.6 m)—40 ft (12 m).
The Searunner 37 is a trimaran sailboat designed by Jim Brown in the 1960s. It is the second largest boat in the Searunner series, the largest being the Searunner 40.
Trifle was a 42 ft (13 m) trimaran sailboat designed by Derek Kelsall and produced in 1966 as a further development of his first trimaran Toria. Featuring a full roach main and small jib, the vessel took part in the 1967 Crystal Trophy race in the English Channel. At the time, it was considered one of the fastest ocean-going multihulls in the world.
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