Trio (1801 ship)

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Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svgUnited Kingdom
NameTrio
Owner
  • 1801-1805:Various
  • 1805:George Johnson, Henry Head, Cooper Hasler, & James Hasler
BuilderNew Brunswick
Launched1801
CapturedJanuary 1806
General characteristics
Tons burthen120, [1] or 126, [2] or 136 [3] (bm)
Sail plan Brig
Complement25 [3]
Armament10 × 6-pounder guns [2]
NotesBuilt of black birch and pine [2]

Trio was launched at New Brunswick in 1801 and sailed to England. She became a merchant ship trading between Dublin and Montreal. From 1805 new owners sought to employ her as a slave ship, but the French Navy captured her in January 1806 early in her first slave trading voyage.

Contents

Career and capture

Trio first entered Lloyd's Register (LR) in 1802. [1]

YearMasterOwnerTradeSource
1802ShannonGreenockDublinLR
1804Shannon
A. Thompson
Grenock
Scott & Sons
Dublin
Greenock–Montreal
LR
1805Thompson
J. Hassler
Scott & Sons
P. Johnson & Co.
Greenock–Montreal
Liverpool–Africa
LR

Captain James Hassler sailed from Liverpool on 21 September 1805, bound for West Africa. Lloyd's List reported on 8 April 1806 that a French squadron consisting of an 84-gun ship-of-the-line and three frigates had captured Trio, Lord Nelson, and the sloop-of-war HMS Favourite off the coast of Africa. [4]

L'Hermite's squadron captured Trio in January off Sierra Leone. The French made a cartel of her and she arrived at Falmouth on 7 April 1806 with the crew of Favourite, which the French had captured on 6 January. [5] She then sailed on to Plymouth. The entry for Trio in Lloyd's Register has the notation "captured" above her name. [2]

Spilsbury's log

Francis P. Spilsbury was the surgeon aboard Favorite and he kept a log of her voyage to Africa.

The French captured Trio on 22 January at Cape Mount. The French swept into the bay where they found Trio and three American vessels. Trio fired a gun and then struck. The French sold the female slaves Trio had gathered to the Americans and divided the male slaves among the French vessels. [6] The French made a cartel of Trio, and on 24 January, after looting almost all the possessions of Favorite's crew, put her crew on board Trio. [6] The French also put on board the crews of Trio, Robert, of Liverpool, Hero, of Glasgow, Flora, of London, and Belle, of Greenock. L'Hermite provided sufficient provisions for 150 men for five days. On the 25th some of the men from the merchantmen became mutinous. Captain John Davie, of Favourite, read the Articles of War and gave the ringleaders 36 lashes each; this ended the mutiny. Trio had 160 men aboard and reached Freetown, Sierra Leone, on 2 February. [7] Trio reached Crookhaven on 29 March where she took on provisions. However, Trio's mate and surgeon deserted. Trio reached Falmouth on 8 April. [8]

Post script

Under the rules governing cartels, Trio would probably have sailed on to France, carrying French prisoners in exchange for the British prisoners she had brought. Although the Registers continue to list Trio until 1810, the data is stale, unchanging from 1806.

Citations and references

Citations

  1. 1 2 Lloyd's Register (1802), Supple. pages, Seq. №T74.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Lloyd's Register (1806), Seq.№T410.
  3. 1 2 Trans Atlantic Slave Trade database - Voyages: Trio, Hassler, master.
  4. Lloyd's List №4042.
  5. Lloyd's List №4043.
  6. 1 2 Spilsbury (1807), p. 22.
  7. Spilbury (1807), pp. 24–25.
  8. Spilsbury (1807), p. 34..

References

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