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|De gordel van smaragd|
|Directed by||Orlow Seunke|
|Written by||Mijke de Jong, Orlow Seunke|
|2 October 1997|
Tropic of Emerald or De gordel van smaragd is a 1997 Dutch drama film directed by Orlow Seunke.
From Amsterdam, Netherlands, Theo Staats came to Soekamadjoe near Depok, Dutch East Indies in 1925 to help his Oom on his Oom's rubber plantation in several plots of land. Theo was guided by an Indo mandeur (plantation field manager) named Boon. Theo met Ems, an Indo cafe singer in Soekamadjoe. Ems was Dr. Herman's wife. Theo was involved in illicit love and infidelity with Ems. But Ems could not leave Herman due to her respect to his husband. Yet, the war broke out in Europe 1939. All Dutch citizens anywhere must take military service, including Dutch East Indies which Japan was the biggest threat in Asia-Pacific. During Asia-Pacific theatre, the Dutch East Indies fell into Japanese army in 1942. Herman was killed by the Japanese and Theo was taken to a concentration camp and his Oom's rubber plantation was taken over by the Japanese. Ems attempted to help Theo and asked for the Japanese commandant to give Theo a special protection, but the Japanese commandant promised to release Theo only if Ems let her body to satisfy the commandant's sexual appetite. The war was end when Japan declared surrender unconditionally on 15 August 1945. All Dutch captives raised the Dutch flag in camp and thought their misery finally ended. But the national extremists pro independence of Indonesia called Barisan Pelopor held sweeping which was allegedly a Dutch accomplice. The Pelopor snatched and killed the Dutch and Indo civilians by using sharpened bamboo, ax, machete, and booty firearms from Japanese in everywhere. The Dutch houses and plantations were damaged by Pelopor (some were taken over), as well as some infrastructure buildings and also the camp. Theo and Ems moved around hiding from the Pelopor's brutal anger. This massive chaos was well known as Bersiap (Masa Bersiap / Bersiap-tijd). Theo's Oom and Boon came back to their rubber plantation but the people already took over the place. Oom was killed by people. There were no safe places for Theo and Ems during Bersiap. In 1949, the Netherlands acknowledged Indonesian sovereignty. In order to recovery the situation, both governments gave opportunity for the Dutch and Indo civilians in Indonesia to choose citizenship, a Dutch or an Indonesian. Once they choose, they were never allowed to visit the country one another. Many of Indos chose the Dutch citizenship because they could not feel safe in Indonesia. So this means the Indos had to leave their motherland (Indonesia) to the fatherland (the Netherlands). Theo chose Dutch citizenship, but Ems chose Indonesian citizenship. Theo came home to the Netherlands and left his love Ems in Indonesia.
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The Indonesian National Revolution, or Indonesian War of Independence, was an armed conflict and diplomatic struggle between the Republic of Indonesia and the Dutch Empire and an internal social revolution during postwar and postcolonial Indonesia. It took place between Indonesia's declaration of independence in 1945 and the Netherlands' recognition of Indonesia's independence at the end of 1949.
Despite being neutral, the Netherlands in World War II was invaded by Nazi Germany on 10 May 1940, as part of Fall Gelb. On 15 May 1940, one day after the bombing of Rotterdam, the Dutch forces surrendered. The Dutch government and the royal family saved themselves by going to London. Princess Juliana and her children moved on to Canada for additional safety.
South Maluku, officially the Republic of South Maluku, is an unrecognized secessionist republic in the southern Maluku Islands archipelago in Oceania that claims the islands of Ambon, Buru, and Seram as part of its territory, all of which are currently part of the Indonesian province of Maluku.
There are 633 recognised ethnic groups in Indonesia. The vast majority of those belong to the Austronesian peoples.
Tjalie Robinson is the main alias of the Indo (Eurasian) intellectual and writer Jan Boon also known as Vincent Mahieu. His father Cornelis Boon, a Royal Netherlands East Indies Army (KNIL) sergeant, was Dutch and his Indo-European mother Fela Robinson was part Scottish and Javanese.
The Dutch East Indies was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia. It was formed from the nationalised colonies of the Dutch East India Company, which came under the administration of the Dutch government in 1800.
Bersiap is the name given by the Dutch to a violent and chaotic phase of the Indonesian National Revolution following the end of World War II. The Indonesian word bersiap means 'get ready' or 'be prepared'. The Bersiap period lasted from August 1945 to December 1946.
Robert Nieuwenhuys was a Dutch writer of Indo descent. The son of a 'Totok' Dutchman and an Indo-European mother, he and his younger brother Roelof, grew up in Batavia, where his father was the managing director of the renowned Hotel des Indes.
Elizabeth (Beb) Vuyk was a Dutch writer of Indo (Eurasian) descent. Her Indo father was born in the Dutch East Indies and had a mother from Madura, but was ‘repatriated’ to the Netherlands on a very young age. She married into a typically Calvinist Dutch family and lived in the port city of Rotterdam. Vuyk grew up in the Netherlands and went to her father’s land of birth in 1929 at the age of 24. 3 years later she married Fernand de Willigen, a native born Indo that worked in the oil and tea plantations throughout the Indies. They had 2 sons, both born in the Dutch East Indies.
The Indo Europeesch Verbond (IEV) or Indo European Alliance was a social movement and political organisation founded in 1919 by the Indo-European (Eurasian) community of the Dutch East Indies that fought for race equality and political say in late colonial Indonesia during the early 20th century.
Verdi Phefferkorn von Offenbach, better known as ‘Paatje Phefferkorn’, is an iconic Indo (Eurasian) practitioner of the Indonesian martial art Pencak Silat in the Netherlands. As one of its best known teachers he has played an important role in increasing the popularity of this Martial Art in the Netherlands and Europe.
Indos are a Eurasian people of mixed Indonesian and European descent. The earliest evidence of Eurasian communities in the East Indies coincides with the arrival of Portuguese traders in the 16th century. Eurasian communities, often with distinct, specific names, also appeared following the arrival of Dutch (VOC) traders in the 17th and 18th century.
Hotel des Indes was one of the oldest and most prestigious hotels in Asia. Located in Batavia, Dutch East Indies, the hotel had accommodated countless famous patrons throughout its existence from 1829 to 1971. Before being named Hotel des Indes, a name suggested by the writer Multatuli, it was named ‘Hotel de Provence’ by its first French owner and for a short spell went by the name ‘Hotel Rotterdam’. After Indonesian independence it was renamed ‘Hotel Duta Indonesia’, until it was demolished to make way for a shopping mall.
The Indische Partij (IP) or Indies Party was a short lived (1912–1913) but influential political organisation founded in 1912 by the Indo-European (Eurasian) journalist E.F.E. Douwes Dekker and the Javanese physicians Tjipto Mangoenkoesoemo and Soewardi Soerjaningrat. As one of the very first political organisations pioneering Indonesian nationalism in the colonial Dutch East Indies it inspired several later organisations such as the ‘Nationaal Indische Party’ (N.I.P.) or ‘Sarekat Hindia’ in 1919 and, ‘Indo Europeesch Verbond’ (I.E.V.) in 1919. Its direct successor was 'Insulinde '.
"Revolutionary action enables people to achieve their objectives quickly. Surely this is not immoral [...] The Indische Party can safely be called revolutionary. Such a word does not frighten us[...]" Douwes Dekker.
Pieter Frederich Dahler, more commonly known as P.F. Dahler or Frits Dahler, was one of the leading Indo (Eurasian) politicians and activists advocating integration of the native Indo-European community into the indigenous society of the Dutch East Indies. After World War II he changed his name to Amir Dachlan.
The Netherlands Indies Civil Administration was a semi-military organisation, established April 1944, tasked with the restoration of civil administration and law of Dutch colonial rule after the capitulation of the Japanese occupational forces in the Netherlands East Indies after World War II.
The Indo people or Indos are Eurasian people living in or connected with Indonesia. In its narrowest sense, the term refers to people in the former Dutch East Indies who held European legal status but were of mixed indigenous Indonesian and Dutch descent as well as their descendants today. In the broadest sense, an Indo is anyone of mixed European and Indonesian descent. Indos are associated with colonial culture of the former Dutch East Indies, a Dutch colony in Southeast Asia and a predecessor to modern Indonesia after its proclamation of independence shortly after World War II. The term was used to describe people acknowledged to be of mixed Dutch and Indonesian descent, or it was a term used in the Dutch East Indies to apply to Europeans who had partial Asian ancestry. The European ancestry of these people was predominantly Dutch, but also included Portuguese, British, French, Belgian, German, and others.
Tandjong Oost, also known as Groeneveld, was a particuliere land, or private domain, in modern-day Jatinegara, East Jakarta, Indonesia. It was one of two estates located on the banks of the Ciliwung river: Tandjong Oost to the east of the river, and Tandjong West to the west.
Thilly Weissenborn was the first professional woman photographer of the former Dutch East Indies and one of the few photographers working in the early 20th century in the area who were Indonesian born. Her works were widely used to expand the newly developed tourism industry of the East Indies.
Leendert (Leen) Konijn was a Dutch rubber planter (1920-1930) and entrepreneur in the cultivation of navel oranges and various citrus fruits at Lao Kawar, Mount Sinabung, North Sumatra, Dutch East Indies (1932-1942).