Truth and Reconciliation Commission Act

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Truth and Reconciliation Commission Act
An Act to make provisions for the establishment of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission
Enacted by National Parliament of Solomon Islands
Date assented to September 4, 2008
Introduced by Sam Iduri
Amnesty Act 2000
Amnesty Act 2001
Establishes the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and defines its aims, powers and functions.

The Truth And Reconciliation Commission Act 2008 is an Act of the eighth National Parliament of Solomon Islands establishing the country's Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

An act of parliament, also called primary legislation, are statutes passed by a parliament (legislature). Act of the Oireachtas is an equivalent term used in the Republic of Ireland where the legislature is commonly known by its Irish name, Oireachtas. It is also comparable to an Act of Congress in the United States.

8th Parliament of Solomon Islands

The 8th Parliament of Solomon Islands, determined by the 2006 general election, was the National Parliament of Solomon Islands from 2006 to 2010. It was preceded by the seventh and followed by the ninth.

Solomon Islands Country in Oceania

Solomon Islands is a sovereign state consisting of six major islands and over 900 smaller islands in Oceania lying to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu and covering a land area of 28,400 square kilometres (11,000 sq mi). The country's capital, Honiara, is located on the island of Guadalcanal. The country takes its name from the Solomon Islands archipelago, which is a collection of Melanesian islands that also includes the North Solomon Islands, but excludes outlying islands, such as Rennell and Bellona, and the Santa Cruz Islands.

Contents

The bill was introduced by MP Sam Iduri, Minister for Peace and Reconciliation, then adopted by Parliament on August 28, 2008. It was assented to "in Her Majesty's name and on Her Majesty's behalf" by Governor-General Nathaniel Waena on September 4, and was thereby enacted. [1] [2]

Shemuel Sam Iduri is a Solomon Islands politician.

Sir Nathaniel Rahumaea Waena GCMG, CSI, KStJ was the Governor-General of Solomon Islands from 2004 to 2009.

The preamble of the Act references the fact that

"in or around 1998, an armed conflict erupted on Guadalcanal between the Guadalcanal militant groups, Isatabu Freedom Movement (IFM), Guadalcanal Revolutionary Army (GRA) and Guadalcanal Liberation Front (GLF) and the Malaita Eagle Force (MEF) of East Guadalcanal consisting of South Malaitan Settlers". [1]

The preamble goes on to mention the violence and "gross violations of human rights" which took place during the conflict, followed by the establishment of peace and efforts towards reconciliation. The purpose of the Act is given as establishing "a forum in which both the victims and the perpetrators of human rights violations [can] share their experiences so as to get a clearer understanding of the past in order to facilitate healing and true reconciliation". The preamble also sets the Act within the continuation of the Amnesty Act 2000 and the Amnesty Act 2001. [1]

The Act goes on to provide the functions of the Commission, defines its powers, and the means whereby it shall "promote national unity and reconciliation".

See also

Truth and Reconciliation Commission (Solomon Islands) commission officially established by the government of Solomon Islands on september, 2008, to investigate the causes of the ethnic violence that gripped Solomon Islands between 1997 and 2003

The Solomon Islands Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) is a commission officially established by the government of Solomon Islands in September 2008. It has been formed to investigate the causes of the ethnic violence that gripped Solomon Islands between 1997 and 2003. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission is the first of its kind in the Pacific Islands region.

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The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) was a court-like restorative justice body assembled in South Africa after the end of apartheid. Witnesses who were identified as victims of gross human rights violations were invited to give statements about their experiences, and some were selected for public hearings. Perpetrators of violence could also give testimony and request amnesty from both civil and criminal prosecution.

Truth and reconciliation commission

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Transitional justice consists of judicial and non-judicial measures implemented in order to redress legacies of human rights abuses. Such measures "include criminal prosecutions, truth commissions, reparations programs, and various kinds of institutional reforms". Transitional justice is enacted at a point of political transition from violence and repression to societal stability and it is informed by a society’s desire to rebuild social trust, repair a fractured justice system, and build a democratic system of governance. The core value of transitional justice is the very notion of justice—which does not necessarily mean criminal justice. This notion and the political transformation, such as regime change or transition from conflict are thus linked toward a more peaceful, certain, and democratic future.

Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation in East Timor

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The Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission was established as a condition of the Lomé Peace Accord with the assistance of the international community in the wake of the 11 year civil war there. It was signed by President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah and RUF leader Foday Sankoh on July 7, 1999. the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's mandate was to "create an impartial historical record of violations and abuses of human rights and international humanitarian law related to the armed conflict in Sierra Leone, from the beginning of the Conflict in 1991 to the signing of the Lome Peace Agreement; to address impunity, to respond to the needs of the victims, to promote healing and reconciliation and to prevent a repetition of the violations and abuses suffered." It was chaired by retired Rev. Dr. Joseph Christian Humper.

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An amnesty law is any law that retroactively exempts a select group of people, usually military leaders and government leaders, from criminal liability for crimes committed. Most allegations involve human rights abuses and crimes against humanity.

The Solomon Islands Christian Association (SICA) is an ecumenical Christian non-governmental organisation in the Solomon Islands. The association comprises the five largest Christian churches in the country, the Anglican Church of Melanesia, the Roman Catholic Church, the South Seas Evangelical Church, the Seventh-day Adventist Church, and the United Church.

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The Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission of Kenya (TJRC) was established in 2008. Kenya’s modern history has been marked not only by liberation struggles but also by ethnic conflicts, semi-despotic regimes, marginalization and political violence, including the coup d'état of 1982, the Shifta War, and the 2007 Post-election violence.

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The Truth and Reconciliation process in Cambodia refers to efforts to create other truth-seeking and reconciliation mechanisms in the country, in addition to the hybrid tribunals established by the Cambodian government and the United Nations in 2001.

The Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission was created as part of the Lomé Peace Accord, signed on July 7, 1999, which ended the 11 year civil war conflict in Sierra Leone. This accord was signed by then President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, and the leader of the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) Foday Sankoh. The aims of the Commission were to establish "an impartial historical record of violations and abuses of human rights and international humanitarian law related to the armed conflict in Sierra Leone from the beginning of the Conflict in 1991 to the signing of the Lomé Peace Agreement; to address impunity, to respond to the needs of the victims, to promote healing and reconciliation and to prevent a repetition of the violations and abuses suffered." The Commission was chaired by Bishop Joseph Christian Humper. It operated from 2002-2004, with a final report being presented to the United Nations Security Council on October 5, 2004.

The Ad Hoc Inquiry Commission in Charge of the Question of Disappearances was a truth commission created in 2003 to investigate the forced disappearance of people during civil conflict. Its creation took place after the election of the current president, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who then set up a National Human Rights Institution. Thereafter, the Commission was set up in order to give people the truth about what happened in the 1990s. However, its report was not made public and consequently Algerians are not aware of the fate of their relatives.

The Commission Dialogue, vérité et reconciliation (CDVR) was sworn in by President of Ivory Coast Alassane Ouattara on September 28, 2012 in response to the post-election violence of the 2010-2011 Ivorian Crisis. The 11-member Commission, led by former Prime Minister Charles Konan Banny, consisted of religious leaders, regional representatives and Ivorian Chelsea soccer player Didier Drogba[1]. The Commission was modelled on the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission and given two years to complete its mandate to investigate past human rights violations and provide recommendations on how to prevent future abuses and provide reparations to victims [1][2]. In addition to gathering private statements from victims, the CDVR organized public hearings, during which victims confronted perpetrators in front of CDVR commissioners [3]. However, the lack of television broadcasts from the commission and minimal media coverage meant that powerful witness statements had little impact across the country [4]. Since the completion of the report and final recommendations, Ouattara has not published the final report, in spite of several calls to that effect [5]. The CDVR led to the creation of the Commission Nationale pour la Réconciliation et l’Indemnisation des Victims (CONARIV) on March 25, 2015 with a compensation fund of 15 million Euros [3].

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