United States Military Training Mission

Last updated

United States Military Training Mission
USMTM transparent v2.png
Emblem of the United States Military Training Mission.
CountryUnited States
Type Security Assistance Organization (SAO)
Headquarters Eskan Village, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Nickname(s)USMTM (pronounced "yuce-a-MIT-em")
Chief Colonel Brad Gandy

The United States Military Training Mission (USMTM) to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a Security Assistance Organization (SAO) which manages and is primarily funded by Foreign Military Sales (FMS) cases between the United States Government and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. USMTM was the result of a meeting between King Abdul Aziz and United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt at Great Bitter Lake.



USMTM coordinates security assistance efforts to train, advise, and assist the Saudi Arabian Armed Forces in building defense capacity/capability through military exercises and professional military education in order to promote regional security and to protect common interests of the United States of America and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia while strengthening strategic partnership.


To maintain and enhance the strategic partnership between the KSA and the USA.

To train, advise, and assist the Saudi Arabian Armed Forces (SAAF) to:

USMTM is a Joint Command composed of officers and enlisted personnel from the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps. The head of USMTM carries the title of "Chief" and is also designated the senior U.S. Defense Representative (USDR) for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. [1] USMTM is the primary liaison between U.S. Armed Forces and the Saudi Arabian Ministry of Defense and Aviation (MODA), the Saudi counterpart to the American Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Within USMTM there are six divisions, each who interfaces with a Saudi counterpart:

Chain of Command

USMTM is a joint training mission and functional component command under the military command of the USCENTCOM, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida. USMTM's mission is to advise and assist the Saudi Arabian armed forces through security cooperation efforts in developing, training and sustaining capable deterrent and self-defense forces for Saudi Arabia in order to facilitate regional security. The mission of USMTM directly supports USCENTCOM's theater strategy to shape, respond and prepare, through forward presence, bilateral and multilateral exercise programs, security assistance activities, and foreign military sales.

Both military and civilian personnel assigned to USMTM are under the sponsorship of the U.S. State Department and the Saudi Arabian Ministry Defense and Aviation and are classified as non-combatants under Title 22 of the United States Code.


The 1951 Mutual Defense Assistance Agreement and the 1977 Accords (known as the USMTM Agreement) formed and governs the basis and function of USMTM in Saudi Arabia. USMTM was formally established on 27 June 1953 and is still a fundamental component of the US/Saudi military relationship.

The Chiefs of USMTM

(AF)Brig Gen Richard J. O'Keefe (APR 1949 – JAN 1951) [2]
(AF)Brig Gen Edwin M. Day (JAN 1951 – SEP 1952) [3]
(AF)Brig Gen Orrin L. Grover (JUN 1952 – APR 1955) [4]
(AF)Brig Gen George F. Schlatter (APR 1955 – AUG 1956) [5]
(AF)Col Frederick J. Sutterlin (SEP 1956 – JUL 1957) [6]
(AF)Brig Gen Dale O. Smith (JUL 1957 – NOV 1957) [7]
(AF)Brig Gen Albert P. Clark (NOV 1957 – JUL 1959) [8]
(AF)Brig Gen James C. McGehee (JUL 1959 – JUL 1961) [9]
(AF)Col Williard W. Wilson (SEP 1961 – SEP 1964)
(A)BG Osmund A. Leahy (SEP 1964 – AUG 1966)
(A)BG Ward S. Ryan (AUG 1966 – OCT 1967)
(A)BG Jerry S. Addington (OCT 1967 – AUG 1969)
(A)BG Donald D. Dunlop (AUG 1969 – JUL 1971)
(A)BG Olin E. Smith (SEP 1971 – SEP 1973)
(A)BG John G. Hill, Jr. (SEP 1973 – FEB 1975)
(AF)Brig Gen James G. Ahmann (MAR 1975 – JUL 1977) [10]
(AF)Maj Gen Charles H. Cathey, Jr. (JUL 1977 – JUL 1979) [11]
(AF)Maj Gen C. L. Donnelly, Jr. (JUL 1979 – JUL 1981) [12]
(AF)Maj Gen Neil L. Eddins (JUL 1981 – JUL 1983) [13]
(AF)Maj Gen Spence M. Armstrong (JUL 1983 – JUL 1985) [14]
(AF)Maj Gen Russell L. Violett (JUL 1985 – MAY 1987) [15]
(AF)Maj Gen John R. Farrington (MAY 1987 – JUL 1989) [16]
(AF)Maj Gen Donald L. Kaufman (JUL 1989 – AUG 1991) [17]
(A)MG Thomas G. Rhame (AUG 1991 – AUG 1993)
(A)MG William M. Boice (AUG 1993 – OCT 1995)
(A)MG James C. Riley (OCT 1995 – JUN 1997)
(A)MG John J. Marcello (JUN 1997 – JUN 2000)
(AF)Maj Gen Silas R. Johnson, Jr. (JUN 2000 – OCT 2001) [18]
(AF)Maj Gen Michael N. Farage (OCT 2001 – AUG 2003)
(A)COL Jack D. Humphrey, Jr (Acting Chief)(AUG 2003 – OCT 2003)
(AF)Maj Gen Larry L. Twitchell (OCT 2003 – NOV 2006) [19]
(A)MG Rhett A. Hernandez (NOV 2006 – MAR 2009)
(AF)Maj Gen Paul M. Van Sickle (MAR 2009 – MAR 2011) [20]
(USMC)Col Jay L. Huston (Acting Chief)(MAR 2011 – JUL 2011)
(AF)Maj Gen David L. Commons (JUL 2011 – JUL 2013) [21]
(AF)Maj Gen Thomas P. Harwood III (JUL 2013 – JUL 2015)
(A)MG Peter D. Utley (JUL 2015 – AUG 2018 )
(A)COL Robert E. Lee Magee (SEP 2018 – AUG 2019)
(A)COL Brad T. Gandy (AUG 2019 – AUG 2021)
(USSF)COL Vance "Jolly" Goodfellow (AUG 2021 – present)
(A) = Army, (AF) = Air Force, (USMC) = Marine Corps, (USSF) = Space Force

See also

Related Research Articles

United States Central Command Unified combatant command of the United States Armed Forces responsible for the Middle Eastern region

The United States Central Command is one of the eleven unified combatant commands of the U.S. Department of Defense. It was established in 1983, taking over the previous responsibilities of the Rapid Deployment Joint Task Force (RDJTF).

Second Air Force Numbered air force of the United States Air Force responsible for non-flying training

The Second Air Force is a USAF numbered air force responsible for conducting basic military and technical training for Air Force enlisted members and non-flying officers. In World War II the CONUS unit defended the Northwestern United States and Upper Great Plains regions and during the Cold War, was Strategic Air Command unit with strategic bombers and missiles. Elements of Second Air Force engaged in combat operations during the Korean War; Vietnam War, as well as Operation Desert Storm.

Buckley Space Force Base US Space Force base in Aurora, Colorado, United States

Buckley Space Force Base is a United States Space Force base in Aurora, Colorado named after United States Army Air Service First Lieutenant John Harold Buckley. The base is run by Buckley Garrison, with major units including the U.S. Space Force's Space Delta 4,, the Colorado Air National Guard's 140th Wing, the Denver Naval Operations Support Center, and the NRO's Aerospace Data Facility-Colorado.

Beginning during Operation Desert Shield in August 1990, while preparing for the Gulf War, the United States sent a large troop contingent to Saudi Arabia. After the war, remnant troops, primarily U.S. Air Force personnel, augmented by a smaller number of coordinating and training personnel from the U.S. Navy, U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps remained in Saudi Arabia under the aegis of Joint Task Force Southwest Asia (JTF-SWA), as part of Operation Southern Watch (OSW). The United Kingdom and France also maintained a small contingent of Royal Air Force and French Air Force training personnel.

Randall Schmidt

Randall Mark Schmidt was a lieutenant general in the United States Air Force.

Victor E. Renuart Jr.

Victor Eugene "Gene" Renuart Jr. is a retired United States Air Force four-star general. His last military assignment was as the commander of United States Northern Command and North American Aerospace Defense Command from March 23, 2007, to May 19, 2010. Prior to that, he served as director of strategic plans and policy, the Joint Staff. Renuart retired from the Air Force on July 1, 2010, after over 39 years of service.

Combined Space Operations Center Military unit

The Combined Space Operations Center (CSpOC) is a U.S.–led multinational space operations center that provides command and control of space forces for United States Space Command's Combined Force Space Component Command. The CSpOC is located at Vandenberg Space Force Base.

Carrol Chandler US Air Force general

Carrol Howard "Howie" Chandler, is a retired United States Air Force four-star general. He last served as the 35th Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force from August 27, 2009 to January 14, 2011. He previously served as Commander of Pacific Air Forces from November 2007 to August 20, 2009 and Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations, Plans and Requirements from October 23, 2005 to November 29, 2007. As Vice Chief, he presides over the Air Staff and serves as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Requirements Oversight Council and Deputy Advisory Working Group. He assists the Chief of Staff with organizing, training, and equipping of 680,000 active-duty, Guard, Reserve and civilian forces serving in the United States and overseas. He retired from the Air Force by March 1, 2011. In 2012 he joined Pratt & Whitney Military Engines as vice president, Military Business Development and International Programs.

820th Base Defense Group Force protection unit of the United States Air Force

The 820th Base Defense Group is an integrated force protection unit of the United States Air Force currently based at Moody Air Force Base, Georgia. The group was activated in 1997 as a trained force protection unit of 12 Air Force Specialty Codes with an airborne capability. The group provides the United States Air Force's only first-in, worldwide deployable, fully integrated, multi-disciplined, self-sustaining base defense capability. The 820 BDG comprises the 822 BDS, 823 BDS, 824 BDS and the 820 COS.

South Carolina Air National Guard Military unit

The South Carolina Air National Guard is the aerial militia of the State of South Carolina, United States of America. It is, along with the South Carolina Army National Guard, an element of the South Carolina National Guard.

Wyoming Air National Guard Military unit

The Wyoming Air National Guard is the aerial militia of the State of Wyoming, United States of America. It is, along with the Wyoming Army National Guard, an element of the Wyoming National Guard.

11th Space Warning Squadron Military unit

The 11th Space Warning Squadron is a United States Space Force missile warning squadron, located at Buckley Space Force Base, Colorado.

William E. Gortney

William Evans "Bill" Gortney is a retired United States Navy admiral who served as the sixth commander of United States Northern Command and the 23rd commander of North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD). He previously served as the Commander, United States Fleet Forces Command from September 14, 2012 to December 2014 and Director of the Joint Staff from July 1, 2010 to August 2012. Prior to that, he served as Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Central Command/5th Fleet. He assumed his post as CDRUSNORTHCOM and commander of NORAD on December 5, 2014, and was succeeded by General Lori Robinson on May 13, 2016.

Air Education Training Command Collaboration Portal

The Air Education Training Command Collaboration Portal(ACP) provides collaboration services to the United States Air Force academic institutions and select training organizations. The Air Collaboration Portal has evolved and now provides other collaboration components such as blogs, wikis, and instant messaging to the U.S. Air Force.

Robert E. Wheeler is a retired major general in the United States Air Force.

William P. Bowden is a retired major general of the United States Air Force.

The United States Air Force Special Operations Air Warfare Center (AFSOAWC) is headquartered at Hurlburt Field, FL, with satellite locations at Duke Field, FL, and Robins AFB, GA. It works under the supervision of the Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC); Its primary function is to organize, train, educate and equip forces to conduct special operations missions; lead MAJCOM Irregular Warfare activities; execute special operations test and evaluation and lessons learned programs; and develop doctrine, tactics, techniques and procedures for Air Force Special Operations Forces. The Vision is, "Transforming Airmen into Air Commandos who possess the specialized skills and warrior ethos to fight and win anytime, anywhere."

Twenty-Fifth Air Force Numbered air force of the United States Air Force responsible for intelligence forces

Twenty-Fifth Air Force, also known as Air Force Intelligence, was a numbered air force (NAF) within the United States Air Force (USAF), and served as the Air Force's premier military intelligence organization. 25 AF was established on 29 September 2014 by redesignating the Air Force Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Agency under Headquarters, United States Air Force, to a numbered air force aligned under Air Combat Command. The USAF also realigned the 9th Reconnaissance Wing and the 55th Wing under the new NAF. It was headquartered at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas.

Pakistan Armed Forces deployments include all Pakistani military deployments that are stationed outside Pakistan and serving in other countries. The sixth largest military power in terms of active troops, Pakistan has an extensive history of overseas military presence, especially in the Middle East, where it has maintained military contingents, missions and battalions in several states. As part of its foreign policy efforts to expand its military relations and influence in the region, Pakistan signed defence protocols during the 1970s with several Arab countries including Saudi Arabia, Libya, Jordan, Iraq, Oman, the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait, under which members of the armed forces of these countries were imparted professional training by Pakistani advisers and military trainers. Saudi Arabia signed a bilateral agreement with Pakistan on defense cooperation; during that time, there were 50,000 to 60,000 Pakistani military personnel serving abroad with the largest number of these, about 20,000, deployed in Saudi Arabia.

David Deptula US Air Force officer and academic

David A. Deptula is the Dean of the Mitchell Institute of Aerospace Power Studies. He transitioned from the U.S. Air Force in 2010 at the rank of Lieutenant General after more than 34 years of service. Deptula was commissioned in 1974 as a distinguished graduate from The University of Virginia Air Force ROTC program, and remained to complete a master's degree in 1976. During his military career he took part in operations, planning, and joint warfighting at unit, major command, service headquarters and combatant command levels, and also served on two congressional commissions outlining America’s future defense posture. He was a principal author of the original Air Force White Paper "Global Reach—Global Power." In the early 1990s he was instrumental in the formation and development of the concept later known as "effects-based operations," having successfully applied it in building the attack plans for the Operation Desert Storm air campaign. He has been cited as having "... fostered the most significant change in the conduct of aerial warfare since Billy Mitchell...Deptula’s framework influenced the successful air campaigns in Operations Allied Force, Iraqi Freedom, and Enduring Freedom. Today, joint targeting cells and Air Force doctrine reflect Deptula's theory of airpower and the changing nature of warfare."


  1. "United States Military Training Mission".
  2. http://www.af.mil/bios/bio.asp?bioID=6647
  3. http://www.af.mil/bios/bio.asp?bioID=5187
  5. http://www.af.mil/bios/bio.asp?bioID=7055
  6. http://www.af.mil/bios/bio.asp?bioID=7307
  7. "Biographies : MAJOR GENERAL DALE O. SMITH".
  9. http://www.af.mil/bios/bio.asp?bioID=6395
  10. http://www.af.mil/bios/bio.asp?bioID=4486
  12. http://www.af.mil/bios/bio.asp?bioID=5244
  13. http://www.af.mil/bios/bio.asp?bioID=5320
  14. http://www.af.mil/bios/bio.asp?bioID=4549
  15. http://www.af.mil/bios/bio.asp?bioID=7476
  16. http://www.af.mil/bios/bio.asp?bioID=5394
  17. http://www.af.mil/bios/bio.asp?bioID=5997
  18. http://www.af.mil/bios/bio.asp?bioID=5966
  19. http://www.af.mil/bios/bio.asp?bioID=7776
  21. "Biographies : MAJOR GENERAL DAVID L. COMMONS".

Further reading