Upper Guinea

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Upper Guinea is a geographical term used in several contexts:

  1. Upper Guinea (French : Haute-Guinée) is one of the four geographic regions of the Republic of Guinea, being east of Futa Jalon, north of Forest Guinea, and bordering Mali. The population of this region is mainly Malinke.
  2. In a larger sense, it refers to a large plain covering eastern Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia and extending into north western Côte d'Ivoire. Mostly forming the upper watershed of the River Niger, it is sparsely populated and is home to the Haut Niger National Park.
  3. Upper Guinea can also refer to the interior part of the wider Guinea region, bordering the Sahel. The interior regions are largely defined by the watersheds of rivers that arise from Fouta Djallon, including the Niger, Senegal, Faleme and others. The term was widely applied during the sixteenth to nineteenth centuries to describe a coastal region and its related hinterland with which Europeans traded.
  4. In biogeography, Upper Guinea refers the region of tropical rainforest extending from southwestern Guinea through Sierra Leone, Liberia, southeastern Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, and southwestern Ghana. The Dahomey Gap, a drier region of Ghana, Togo, and Benin where the Guinean forest-savanna mosaic extends to the Gulf of Guinea, separates Upper Guinea from the tropical rainforests of Lower Guinea further east. [1] [2] The Upper Guinea forests are also recognized as an endemic bird area. [3]

See also

The Upper Guinean forests is a tropical seasonal forest region of West Africa. The Upper Guinean forests extend from Guinea and Sierra Leone in the west through Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana to Togo in the east, and a few hundred kilometers inland from the Atlantic coast. A few enclaves of montane forest lie further inland in the mountains of central Guinea and central Togo and Benin.

Lower Guinea may refer to:

Middle Guinea region in central part of the Republic of Guinea

Middle Guinea refers to a region in central part of the Republic of Guinea, corresponding roughly with the plateau region known as Futa Jalon.

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References

  1. "Guinean Forests of West Africa." Conservation International. Accessed November 12, 2012.
  2. "Upper Guinea rivers and streams" WWF. Accessed November 12, 2012
  3. "Upper Guinea forests" Birdlife International. Accessed November 12, 2012.