Vienne

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Vienne
Prefecture-Region-Poitiers-86.jpg
Prefecture building of the Vienne department, in Poitiers
Drapeau fr departement Vienne.svg
Blason departement fr Vienne.svg
Vienne-Position.svg
Location of Vienne in France
Coordinates: 45°31′20″N4°50′43″E / 45.5221367°N 4.8453116°E / 45.5221367; 4.8453116 Coordinates: 45°31′20″N4°50′43″E / 45.5221367°N 4.8453116°E / 45.5221367; 4.8453116
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Prefecture Poitiers
Subprefectures Châtellerault
Montmorillon
Government
   President of the General Council Claude Bertaud
Area
1
  Total6,990 km2 (2,700 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total436,069
  Rank 56th
  Density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 86
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 19
Communes 266
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Vienne (French pronunciation:  [vjɛn] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a department in the French region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It takes its name from the river Vienne.

Contents

History

Established on March 4, 1790, during the French Revolution, Vienne is one of the original 83 departments. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Poitou, Touraine, and Berry, the latter being a part of the Duchy of Aquitaine until the 15th century.

The original Acadians, who settled in and around what is now Nova Scotia, left Vienne for North America after 1604. Kennedy (2014) argues that the emigrants carried to Canada their customs and social structure. They were frontier peoples, who dispersed their settlements based on kinship. They optimized use of farmland and emphasized trading for a profit. They were hierarchical and politically active. [1]

Politics

Édith Cresson, France's first woman Prime Minister from 1991-1992, was a deputy (MP) for the department.

It has three arrondissements : Poitiers, the prefecture, and the subprefectures Châtellerault and Montmorillon.

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [2] Party
Vienne's 1st constituency Jacques Savatier La République En Marche!
Vienne's 2nd constituency Sacha Houlié La République En Marche!
Vienne's 3rd constituency Jean-Michel Clément La République En Marche!
Vienne's 4th constituency Nicolas Turquois MoDem

Demographics

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801240,990    
1806252,351+0.93%
1821260,697+0.22%
1831282,731+0.81%
1841294,250+0.40%
1851317,305+0.76%
1861322,028+0.15%
1872320,598−0.04%
1881340,295+0.66%
1891344,355+0.12%
1901336,343−0.24%
1911332,276−0.12%
1921306,248−0.81%
1931303,072−0.10%
1936306,820+0.25%
1946313,932+0.23%
1954319,208+0.21%
1962331,619+0.48%
1968340,256+0.43%
1975357,366+0.70%
1982371,428+0.55%
1990380,005+0.29%
1999399,130+0.55%
2006418,460+0.68%
2011427,193+0.41%
2016436,069+0.41%
source: [3]

Religion

The capital Poitiers is the see of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Poitiers, which pastorally serves the department.

Tourism and sights

The most famous tourist sites include the Futuroscope theme park, Poitiers (city of Art and History), the Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe, a UNESCO world heritage site, the animal parks of Monkey's Valley in Romagne and the Crocodile Planet in Civaux.

Economy

Goat cheese making is an important industry of Vienne.

International relations

Vienne has a partnership relationship with:

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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Haute-Vienne Department of France in Nouvelle-Aquitaine

Haute-Vienne is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwest-central France. Named after the Vienne River, it is one of the twelve departments that together constitute Nouvelle-Aquitaine. The neighbouring departments are Creuse, Corrèze, Dordogne, Charente, Vienne and Indre.

Poitou-Charentes Region of France

Poitou-Charentes is a former administrative region on the southwest coast of France. It is part of the new region Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It comprises four departments: Charente, Charente-Maritime, Deux-Sèvres and Vienne. Historical provinces are Angoumois, Aunis, Saintonge and Poitou.

Loudun Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Loudun is a commune in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France.

Vienne (river)

The Vienne is a major river in south-western France. It is 363 km (226 mi) long. It is a significant left tributary of the lower Loire. It supports numerous hydroelectric dams, and it is the main river of the northern part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.

Pointe-Noire City and department of the Republic of the Congo

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Arrondissement of Châtellerault Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

The arrondissement of Châtellerault is an arrondissement of France in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 92 communes. Its population is 109,345 (2016), and its area is 1,982.9 km2 (765.6 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Montmorillon Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

The arrondissement of Montmorillon is an arrondissement of France in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 91 communes. Its population is 67,025 (2016), and its area is 2,876.1 km2 (1,110.5 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Poitiers Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

The arrondissement of Poitiers is an arrondissement of France in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 83 communes. Its population is 259,699 (2016), and its area is 2,131.5 km2 (823.0 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Limoges Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

The arrondissement of Limoges is an arrondissement of France in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 108 communes. Its population is 297,957 (2016), and its area is 2,944.8 km2 (1,137.0 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Rochechouart Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

The arrondissement of Rochechouart is an arrondissement of France in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 30 communes. Its population is 37,817 (2016), and its area is 795.4 km2 (307.1 sq mi).

Lusignan, Vienne Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Lusignan is a commune in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France. It lies 25 km southwest of Poitiers. The inhabitants are called Mélusins and Mélusines.

Saint-Julien-lArs Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Saint-Julien-l'Ars is a commune in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in west-central France. The inhabitants call themselves "Sacto-Julianais".

The canton of Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat is a French canton located in the department of Haute-Vienne and in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Nouvelle-Aquitaine Administrative region of France

Nouvelle-Aquitaine or New Aquitaine, is the largest administrative region in France, spanning the west and southwest of the mainland. The region was created by the territorial reform of French regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine, Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. It covers 84,036 km2 (32,446 sq mi) – or 18 of the country – and has 5,956,978 inhabitants. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015.

Grand-Poitiers is the communauté urbaine, an intercommunal structure, centred on the city of Poitiers. It is located in the Vienne department, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, western France. It was created on 1 January 2017 as a communauté d'agglomération and transformed into a communauté urbaine on 1 July 2017. Its population was 195,044 in 2014, of which 90,115 in Poitiers proper.

References

  1. Gregory M.W. Kennedy. Something of a Peasant Paradise? Comparing Rural Societies in Acadie and the Loudunais, 1604-1755 (MQUP, 2014)
  2. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/
  3. Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  4. "Partneri- ja kummikaupungit (Partnership and twinning cities)". Oulun kaupunki (City of Oulu) (in Finnish). Retrieved 2013-07-27.
  5. 友好城市 (Friendly cities) Archived 2012-05-31 at WebCite , 市外办 (Foreign Affairs Office), 2008-03-22. (Translation by Google Translate.)
  6. 国际友好城市一览表 (International Friendship Cities List) Archived 2012-05-31 at WebCite , 2011-01-20. (Translation by Google Translate.)
  7. 友好交流 (Friendly exchanges) Archived 2014-03-31 at WebCite , 2011-09-13. (Translation by Google Translate.)