|Subprefectures|| Châtellerault |
|• President of the General Council||Claude Bertaud|
|• Total||6,990 km2 (2,700 sq mi)|
|• Density||62/km2 (160/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2|
Vienne (French pronunciation: [vjɛn] ( listen )) is a department in the French region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It takes its name from the river Vienne.
Established on March 4, 1790, during the French Revolution, Vienne is one of the original 83 departments. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Poitou, Touraine, and Berry, the latter being a part of the Duchy of Aquitaine until the 15th century.
The original Acadians, who settled in and around what is now Nova Scotia, left Vienne for North America after 1604. Kennedy (2014) argues that the emigrants carried to Canada their customs and social structure. They were frontier peoples, who dispersed their settlements based on kinship. They optimized use of farmland and emphasized trading for a profit. They were hierarchical and politically active.
Édith Cresson, France's first woman Prime Minister from 1991-1992, was a deputy (MP) for the department.
It has three arrondissements : Poitiers, the prefecture, and the subprefectures Châtellerault and Montmorillon.
|Vienne's 1st constituency||Jacques Savatier||La République En Marche!|
|Vienne's 2nd constituency||Sacha Houlié||La République En Marche!|
|Vienne's 3rd constituency||Jean-Michel Clément||La République En Marche!|
|Vienne's 4th constituency||Nicolas Turquois||MoDem|
Population development since 1801:
The capital Poitiers is the see of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Poitiers, which pastorally serves the department.
The most famous tourist sites include the Futuroscope theme park, Poitiers (city of Art and History), the Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe, a UNESCO world heritage site, the animal parks of Monkey's Valley in Romagne and the Crocodile Planet in Civaux.
Goat cheese making is an important industry of Vienne.
Vienne has a partnership relationship with:
Poitiers is a city on the Clain river in west-central France. It is a commune and the capital of the Vienne department and the historical centre of Poitou. In 2017 it had a population of 88,291. Its agglomeration has 130,853 inhabitants in 2016 and is the center of an urban area of 261,795 inhabitants.
Walloon Brabant is a province of Wallonia and Belgium. It borders on the province of Flemish Brabant and the provinces of Liège, Namur and Hainaut (Wallonia). Its capital and largest city is Wavre.
Haute-Vienne is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwest-central France. Named after the Vienne River, it is one of the twelve departments that together constitute Nouvelle-Aquitaine. The neighbouring departments are Creuse, Corrèze, Dordogne, Charente, Vienne and Indre.
Poitou-Charentes is a former administrative region on the southwest coast of France. It is part of the new region Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It comprises four departments: Charente, Charente-Maritime, Deux-Sèvres and Vienne. Historical provinces are Angoumois, Aunis, Saintonge and Poitou.
Loudun is a commune in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France.
The Vienne is a major river in south-western France. It is 363 km (226 mi) long. It is a significant left tributary of the lower Loire. It supports numerous hydroelectric dams, and it is the main river of the northern part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.
Pointe-Noire is the second largest city in the Republic of the Congo, following the capital of Brazzaville, and an autonomous department since 2004. Before this date it was the capital of the Kouilou region. It is situated on a headland between Pointe-Noire Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. Pointe-Noire is the main commercial centre of the country and has a population of 715,334 (2007), expanding to well over 1 million when the entire metropolitan area is taken into account.
The arrondissement of Châtellerault is an arrondissement of France in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 92 communes. Its population is 109,345 (2016), and its area is 1,982.9 km2 (765.6 sq mi).
The arrondissement of Montmorillon is an arrondissement of France in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 91 communes. Its population is 67,025 (2016), and its area is 2,876.1 km2 (1,110.5 sq mi).
The arrondissement of Poitiers is an arrondissement of France in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 83 communes. Its population is 259,699 (2016), and its area is 2,131.5 km2 (823.0 sq mi).
The arrondissement of Limoges is an arrondissement of France in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 108 communes. Its population is 297,957 (2016), and its area is 2,944.8 km2 (1,137.0 sq mi).
The arrondissement of Rochechouart is an arrondissement of France in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 30 communes. Its population is 37,817 (2016), and its area is 795.4 km2 (307.1 sq mi).
Lusignan is a commune in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France. It lies 25 km southwest of Poitiers. The inhabitants are called Mélusins and Mélusines.
Saint-Julien-l'Ars is a commune in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in west-central France. The inhabitants call themselves "Sacto-Julianais".
The canton of Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat is a French canton located in the department of Haute-Vienne and in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.
Nouvelle-Aquitaine or New Aquitaine, is the largest administrative region in France, spanning the west and southwest of the mainland. The region was created by the territorial reform of French regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine, Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. It covers 84,036 km2 (32,446 sq mi) – or 1⁄8 of the country – and has 5,956,978 inhabitants. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015.
Grand-Poitiers is the communauté urbaine, an intercommunal structure, centred on the city of Poitiers. It is located in the Vienne department, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, western France. It was created on 1 January 2017 as a communauté d'agglomération and transformed into a communauté urbaine on 1 July 2017. Its population was 195,044 in 2014, of which 90,115 in Poitiers proper.
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