Vienne

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Vienne
Prefecture-Region-Poitiers-86.jpg
Prefecture building of the Vienne department, in Poitiers
Drapeau fr departement Vienne.svg
Blason departement fr Vienne.svg
Vienne-Position.svg
Location of Vienne in France
Coordinates: 45°31′20″N4°50′43″E / 45.5221°N 4.8453°E / 45.5221; 4.8453 Coordinates: 45°31′20″N4°50′43″E / 45.5221°N 4.8453°E / 45.5221; 4.8453
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Prefecture Poitiers
Subprefectures Châtellerault
Montmorillon
Government
   President of the General Council Claude Bertaud
Area
1
  Total6,990 km2 (2,700 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019) [1]
  Total438,435
  Rank 56th
  Density63/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 86
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 19
Communes 266
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Vienne (French pronunciation:  [vjɛn] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Poitevin-Saintongeais: Viéne) is a landlocked department in the French region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It takes its name from the river Vienne.

Contents

History

Established on March 4, 1790, during the French Revolution, Vienne is one of the original 83 departments. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Poitou, Touraine, and Berry, the latter being a part of the Duchy of Aquitaine until the 15th century.

The original Acadians, who settled in and around what is now Nova Scotia, left Vienne for North America after 1604. Kennedy (2014) argues that the emigrants carried to Canada their customs and social structure. They were frontier peoples, who dispersed their settlements based on kinship. They optimized use of farmland and emphasized trading for a profit. They were hierarchical and politically active. [2]

Politics

Édith Cresson, France's first woman Prime Minister from 1991-1992, was a deputy (MP) for the department.

It has three arrondissements : Poitiers, the prefecture, and the subprefectures Châtellerault and Montmorillon.

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [3] Party
Vienne's 1st constituency Jacques Savatier La République En Marche!
Vienne's 2nd constituency Sacha Houlié La République En Marche!
Vienne's 3rd constituency Jean-Michel Clément La République En Marche!
Vienne's 4th constituency Nicolas Turquois MoDem

Demographics

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801240,990    
1806252,351+0.93%
1821260,697+0.22%
1831282,731+0.81%
1841294,250+0.40%
1851317,305+0.76%
1861322,028+0.15%
1872320,598−0.04%
1881340,295+0.66%
1891344,355+0.12%
1901336,343−0.24%
1911332,276−0.12%
1921306,248−0.81%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1931303,072−0.10%
1936306,820+0.25%
1946313,932+0.23%
1954319,208+0.21%
1962331,619+0.48%
1968340,256+0.43%
1975357,366+0.70%
1982371,428+0.55%
1990380,005+0.29%
1999399,130+0.55%
2006418,460+0.68%
2011427,193+0.41%
2016436,069+0.41%
source: [4]

Religion

The capital, Poitiers, is the see of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Poitiers, which pastorally serves the department.

Tourism and sights

The most famous tourist sites include the Futuroscope theme park, Poitiers (city of Art and History), the Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe, a UNESCO world heritage site, the animal parks of Monkey's Valley in Romagne and the Crocodile Planet in Civaux.

Economy

Goat cheese making is an important industry of Vienne.

International relations

Vienne has a partnership relationship with:

Notable people

See also

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Arrondissement of Châtellerault Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

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Arrondissement of Montmorillon Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

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Arrondissement of Poitiers Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

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Lusignan, Vienne Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Lusignan is a commune in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France. It lies 25 km southwest of Poitiers. The inhabitants are called Mélusins and Mélusines.

Les Adjots Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Les Adjots is a commune in the Charente department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.

Saint-Julien-lArs Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Saint-Julien-l'Ars is a commune in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in west-central France. The inhabitants call themselves "Sacto-Julianais".

Alain Claeys French politician

Alain Claeys is a French politician. He is a member of the Socialist Party, former Mayor of Poitiers (2008-2020) and a former member of the National Assembly of France for the first constituency of the Vienne department (1997-2017). He sits in the Socialist, Radical, Citizen and Miscellaneous Left group in the National Assembly.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Poitiers, France.

References

  1. "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  2. Gregory M.W. Kennedy. Something of a Peasant Paradise? Comparing Rural Societies in Acadie and the Loudunais, 1604-1755 (MQUP, 2014)
  3. Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.
  4. "Historique de la Vienne". Le SPLAF.
  5. "Partneri- ja kummikaupungit (Partnership and twinning cities)". Oulun kaupunki (City of Oulu) (in Finnish). Retrieved 2013-07-27.
  6. 友好城市 (Friendly cities) Archived 2013-09-23 at the Wayback Machine , 市外办 (Foreign Affairs Office), 2008-03-22. (Translation by Google Translate.)
  7. 国际友好城市一览表 (International Friendship Cities List) Archived 2012-06-02 at the Wayback Machine , 2011-01-20. (Translation by Google Translate.)
  8. 友好交流 (Friendly exchanges) Archived 2014-04-10 at the Wayback Machine , 2011-09-13. (Translation by Google Translate.)