Vienne

Last updated
Vienne
Prefecture-Region-Poitiers-86.jpg
Prefecture building of the Vienne department, in Poitiers
Blason departement fr Vienne.svg
Coat of arms
Vienne-Position.svg
Location of Vienne in France
Coordinates: 46°30′N00°30′E / 46.500°N 0.500°E / 46.500; 0.500 Coordinates: 46°30′N00°30′E / 46.500°N 0.500°E / 46.500; 0.500
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Prefecture Poitiers
Subprefectures Châtellerault
Montmorillon
Government
   President of the General Council Claude Bertaud
Area
1
  Total6,990 km2 (2,700 sq mi)
Population
(2016)
  Total436,069
  Rank 56th
  Density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 86
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 19
Communes 266
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Vienne (French pronunciation:  [vjɛn] ) is a department in the French region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It takes its name from the river Vienne.

In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

Regions of France France top-level territorial subdivision

France is divided into 18 administrative regions, which are traditionally divided between 13 metropolitan regions, located on the European continent, and 5 overseas regions, located outside the European continent. The 13 metropolitan regions are each further subdivided into 2 to 13 departments, while the overseas regions consist of only one department each and hence are also referred to as "overseas departments". The current legal concept of region was adopted in 1982, and in 2016 what had been 27 regions was reduced to 18. The overseas regions should not be confused the overseas collectivities, which have a semi-autonomous status.

Nouvelle-Aquitaine Administrative region of France

Nouvelle-Aquitaine is the largest administrative region in France, located in the southwest of the country. The region was created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine, Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. It covers 84,061 km2 (32,456 sq mi) – or ​18 of the country – and has approximately 5,800,000 inhabitants.. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015.

Contents

History

Established on March 4, 1790 during the French Revolution, Vienne is one of the original 83 departments. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Poitou, Touraine, and Berry, the latter being a part of the Duchy of Aquitaine until the 15th century.

French Revolution social and political revolution in France and its colonies occurring from 1789 to 1798

The French Revolution was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies beginning in 1789. The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, catalyzed violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon who brought many of its principles to areas he conquered in Western Europe and beyond. Inspired by liberal and radical ideas, the Revolution profoundly altered the course of modern history, triggering the global decline of absolute monarchies while replacing them with republics and liberal democracies. Through the Revolutionary Wars, it unleashed a wave of global conflicts that extended from the Caribbean to the Middle East. Historians widely regard the Revolution as one of the most important events in human history.

The Kingdom of France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the department system superseded provinces. The provinces of France were roughly equivalent to the historic counties of England. They came into their final form over the course of many hundreds of years, as many dozens of semi-independent fiefs and former independent countries came to be incorporated into the French royal domain. Because of the haphazard manner in which the provinces evolved, each had its own sets of feudal traditions, laws, taxation systems, courts, etc., and the system represented an impediment to effective administration of the entire country from Paris. During the early years of the French Revolution, in an attempt to centralize the administration of the whole country, and to remove the influence of the French nobility over the country, the entirety of the province system was abolished and replaced by the system of departments in use today.

Poitou Place in France

Poitou, in Poitevin: Poetou, was a province of west-central France whose capital city was Poitiers.

The original Acadians, who settled in and around what is now Nova Scotia, left Vienne for North America after 1604. Kennedy (2014) argues that the emigrants carried to Canada their customs and social structure. They were frontier peoples, who dispersed their settlements based on kinship. They optimized use of farmland and emphasized trading for a profit. They were hierarchical and politically active. [1]

Nova Scotia Province of Canada

Nova Scotia is one of Canada's three Maritime Provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada. Its provincial capital is Halifax. Nova Scotia is the second-smallest of Canada's ten provinces, with an area of 55,284 square kilometres (21,300 sq mi), including Cape Breton and another 3,800 coastal islands. As of 2016, the population was 923,598. Nova Scotia is Canada's second-most-densely populated province, after Prince Edward Island, with 17.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (45/sq mi).

Politics

Édith Cresson, France's first woman Prime Minister from 1991-1992, was a deputy (MP) for the department.

Édith Cresson French politician

Édith Cresson is a French politician. She is the only woman to have held the office of Prime Minister of France. Her political career ended in scandal from corruption charges while she was the European Commissioner for Research, Science and Technology.

It has three arrondissements : Poitiers, the prefecture, and the subprefectures Châtellerault and Montmorillon.

The arrondissement of Poitiers is an arrondissement of France in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle Aquitaine region. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Vienne, it has 83 communes.

The arrondissement of Châtellerault is an arrondissement of France in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle Aquitaine region. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Vienne, it has 92 communes.

The arrondissement of Montmorillon is an arrondissement of France in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle Aquitaine region. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Vienne, it has 91 communes.

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [2] Party
Vienne's 1st constituency Jacques Savatier La République En Marche!
Vienne's 2nd constituency Sacha Houlié La République En Marche!
Vienne's 3rd constituency Jean-Michel Clément La République En Marche!
Vienne's 4th constituency Nicolas Turquois MoDem

Religion

The capital Poitiers is the see of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Poitiers, which pastorally serves the department.

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Poitiers archdiocese

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Poitiers is an archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in France. The archepiscopal see is in the city of Poitiers. The Diocese of Poitiers includes the two Departments of Vienne and Deux-Sèvres. The Concordat of 1802 added to the see besides the ancient Diocese of Poitiers a part of the Diocese of La Rochelle and Saintes.

Tourism and sights

The most famous tourist sites include the Futuroscope theme park, Poitiers (city of Art and History), the Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe, a UNESCO world heritage site, the animal parks of Monkey's Valley in Romagne & the Crocodile Planet in Civaux.

Economy

Goat cheese making is an important industry of Vienne.

International relations

Vienne has a partnership relationship with:

See also

Related Research Articles

Poitiers Prefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Poitiers is a city on the Clain river in west-central France. It is a commune and the capital of the Vienne department and also of the Poitou. Poitiers is a major university centre. The centre of town is picturesque and its streets include predominantly historical architecture, especially religious architecture and especially from the Romanesque period. Two major battles took place near the city: in 732, the Battle of Poitiers, in which the Franks commanded by Charles Martel halted the expansion of the Umayyad Caliphate, and in 1356, the Battle of Poitiers, a key victory for the English forces during the Hundred Years' War. This battle's consequences partly provoked the Jacquerie.

Lomé City in Maritime Region, Togo

Lomé is the capital and largest city of Togo. It has an urban population of 837,437 while there were 1,570,283 permanent residents in its metropolitan area as of the 2011 census. Located on the Gulf of Guinea, Lomé is the country's administrative and industrial center, which includes an oil refinery, and its chief port, where it exports coffee, cocoa, copra, and palm kernels.

Walloon Brabant Province of Belgium

Walloon Brabant is a province of Wallonia and Belgium. It borders on the province of Flemish Brabant and the provinces of Liège, Namur and Hainaut (Wallonia). Its capital is Wavre.

Haute-Vienne Department of France

Haute-Vienne is a French department named after the river Vienne. It is one of the 12 departments that together constitute the French region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. The neighbouring departments are: Creuse, Corrèze, Dordogne, Charente, Vienne and Indre.

Loudun Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Loudun is a commune in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France.

Vienne (river) river in France, tributary of the Loire

The Vienne is one of the most important rivers in south-western France. It is a significant left tributary of the lower Loire. It supports numerous hydro-electric dams, and it is the main river of the northern part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.

Châteauponsac Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Châteauponsac, also known locally as Château Lorraine, is a commune in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France.

Biard Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Biard is a commune in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France, in the Boivre valley.

Ligugé Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Ligugé is a commune in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France.

Les Adjots Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Les Adjots is a commune in the Charente department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.

Le Dorat Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Le Dorat is a commune in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France. It is considered to be the traditional capital of the Basse Marche. Inhabitants are known as Dorachons. Some say that Le Dorat owes its name to the gilded angel located at the summit of the "Lou Dora" bell tower.

Saint-Julien-lArs Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Saint-Julien-l'Ars is a commune in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in west-central France. The inhabitants call themselves "Sacto-Julianais".

The canton of Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat is a French canton located in the department of Haute-Vienne and in the region of Nouvelle Aquitaine.

Grand-Poitiers is the communauté urbaine, an intercommunal structure, centred on the city of Poitiers. It is located in the Vienne department, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, western France.

References

  1. Gregory M.W. Kennedy. Something of a Peasant Paradise? Comparing Rural Societies in Acadie and the Loudunais, 1604-1755 (MQUP, 2014)
  2. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/
  3. "Partneri- ja kummikaupungit (Partnership and twinning cities)". Oulun kaupunki (City of Oulu) (in Finnish). Retrieved 2013-07-27.
  4. 友好城市 (Friendly cities) Archived 2012-05-31 at WebCite , 市外办 (Foreign Affairs Office), 2008-03-22. (Translation by Google Translate.)
  5. 国际友好城市一览表 (International Friendship Cities List) Archived 2012-05-31 at WebCite , 2011-01-20. (Translation by Google Translate.)
  6. 友好交流 (Friendly exchanges) Archived 2014-03-31 at WebCite , 2011-09-13. (Translation by Google Translate.)