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Town panchayat
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Location in Tamil Nadu, India
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Watrap (India)
Coordinates: 9°38′7″N77°38′20″E / 9.63528°N 77.63889°E / 9.63528; 77.63889 Coordinates: 9°38′7″N77°38′20″E / 9.63528°N 77.63889°E / 9.63528; 77.63889
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Virudhunagar
73 m (240 ft)
 (01-Jan-2001) [1]
  Official Tamil
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
626 132
Telephone code04563
Vehicle registration TN-84
Nearest cityMadurai
Lok Sabha constituencyTenkasi
Vidhan Sabha constituencySrivilliputtur
Civic agencyTown Panchayat
Climate Apr-May - Min 20 Deg C Max 42 Deg C and May - Mar - Min 20 Deg C Max 30 deg C (Köppen)

Watrap or Vattirāyiruppu (வத்திராயிருப்பு) is a taluk in Virudhunagar District, Tamil Nadu, India.

Virudhunagar Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Virudhunagar is a town and the administrative headquarters of the Virudhunagar district in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is located 506 km (314 mi) southwest of the state capital Chennai and 53 km (33 mi) south of Madurai. Virudhunagar emerged as an important trade centre during the British rule. The town is the birthplace of freedom fighter K. Kamaraj, former chief minister of Tamil Nadu, and Bharat Ratna recipient. Located to the east of Kowsika River, Virudhunagar has an average elevation of 102 m (335 ft) above sea level and is largely flat with no major geological formations. The town has a humid climate and receives 780 mm (31 in) rainfall annually.Has been ruled at various times by Later Pandyas, Vijayanagar Empire, Madurai Nayaks, Chanda Sahib, Carnatic kingdom and the British. It was formerly known as Virudhupatti.

Tamil Nadu State in Southern India

Tamil Nadu, is one of the 29 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian subcontinent and is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. It is bounded by the Eastern Ghats on the north, by the Nilgiri Mountains, the Meghamalai Hills, and Kerala on the west, by the Bay of Bengal in the east, by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait on the southeast, and by the Indian Ocean on the south. The state shares a maritime border with the nation of Sri Lanka.


The traditional name of Watrap, before British colonization, was Vatratha Iruppu (வற்றாத இருப்பு), which translates to "surplus water". there had never been any caste fights. it boasted a peaceful village. There is a Perumal temple (Pěrumāḷ Kōyil, பெருமாள் கோயில்) in the centre of the village and a Shiva and Hanuman temple at the edge of the village.

The holy uphill shrine "Sundara Mahalingam (Lord Shiva) temple" (also known as Thaani Paarai and Sathuragiri Malai) is here. Aadi amavasai (No Moon Day in the month of Aadi) is when devotees from all over Tamil Nadu throng here.

The Tamil calendar is a sidereal Hindu calendar used by the Tamil people of the Indian subcontinent. It is also used in Puducherry, and by the Tamil population in Malaysia, Singapore, Mauritius and Sri Lanka. Tamil Nadu farmers greatly refer to this. It is used today for cultural, religious and agricultural events, with the Gregorian calendar largely used for official purposes both within and outside India. The Tamil calendar is based on the classical Hindu solar calendar also used in Assam, West Bengal, Kerala, Manipur, Nepal, Odisha, Rajasthan and Punjab.

Agriculture is the primary livelihood. The main work is cultivation of paddies, coconut and cotton, with paddy cultivation being the most important. There are three government-aided schools and two private schools in the town. There are also branches of State Bank of India, Union Bank of India, Virudhunagar District Cooperative Bank and Rural Cooperative Bank.

The physicist Dr. K. S. Krishnan was born in this village; he was the assistant to C. V. Raman

C. V. Raman Indian physicist

Sir Chandrashekhara Venkata Raman was an Indian physicist born in the former Madras Province in India, who carried out ground-breaking work in the field of light scattering, which earned him the 1930 Nobel Prize for Physics and was the first person in Asia to obtain said award for achievements in science. He discovered that when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes wavelength and amplitude. This phenomenon, subsequently known as Raman scattering, results from the Raman effect. In 1954, the Indian government honoured him with India's highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna.

Local attractions

As a mode of entertainment there is one cinema hall, called Ramakrishna theatre.

The town is on the bank of the Arjuna River. There are two dams here for irrigation and agriculture called "Pilavakal dam" and "Kovilaaru dam" and Pilavkkal dam (பிளவக்கல் அணை)is one of the beautiful excellent picnic spots in this area.

Sathuragiri Hills is a must-see place if you are a nature lover. You need to trek for about 5 hours to reach the top of the hill, there won't be a proper road or restroom or any facilities. Free lunch will be served on new moon days, you get to see dense forest, waterfalls and undisturbed nature on the way. One should be there at the foothills by early in the morning, so that you can return before sunset, if you plan for a day. If you are a treker willing to smell those natural moments, it is a safe place to camp at night. People, localities here are more ethical and possess no danger. For trekkers a one or two night stay would be interesting to see some of the rarest caves, which are some 2 km away from Sathuragiri temple, a fresh water pond at the top of the hill. All these areas have to be trekked through dense forest which is a very thrilling and delightful experience. There is a top spot called Perrumal Mottai which is recommended only for people with good stamina to trek. But it is the coldest spot in these hills. Kindly take guidance from any localities if you plant to trek any place beyond Sathuragiri Temple. The best season to trek is post-monsoon.Note:plastic bags and drinks are not allowed. There is a Krishna and Rukmini and Sathyabama temple called Gopala Swamy Malai, at the top of a small hill, which is 22 km from Watrap at NH-47 (between Kallupatti, Krishnankoil and Srivilliputhur towns), and a Shiva Cave temple called Motta Malai 16 km from Watrap (between Watrap and Alagapuri road, take a diversion after a village called Akkanapuram villaku) recommended for Shiva disciples. For people who would love to swim in natural waters, you have a place called Maavuthu (big spring, 8 km from Watrap or take a diversion between Maharajapuram and Thambipatti), a pond which has a spring at its corner and flows 24/7 throughout the year. A very beautiful place at the foot of Southern Ghats. An excellent place to be during rainy season (recommended only for people who know to swim above average).

Sathuragiri Hills(Tamil: சதுரகிரி) or Chathuragiri is situated 10 km from Watrap (Wathirairuppu) near Srivilliputhur. The name Sathuragiri came from Chathur (4) Veda (Vedas) Giri (Hill), where all the four Vedas met and formed the hill. Another meaning is that the whole mountain is in square (Chathuram) in shape so they called by name Chathuragiri. Sathuragiri is the Abode of God. It is otherwise also called as Mahalingam Hill. This is also called as "Siddargal boomi". 18 Siddhas were said to live here. This is a mysterious hill where it is believed that Siddhars still worship the lord Shiva.

The following are a few important temples in the town of Watrap:

Hanuman Temple beside Sri Viswanatha Swamy Temple (needs upkeep)

All the above temples are very ancient.

Schools in Watrap: The Hindu Higher Secondary school, Lions matriculation school, Nadar school, gandhi kalvi school, and a government school is also available. Near Watrap a college is located known as Kalasalingam engineering college/Arts and science/polytechnic etc.and VPMM College(womens college). Kalasalingam college has become the 1st Deemed University in Sounth Tamilnadu.


Watrap Village is very well connected by rail, road and air and below are details:

Railway Connectivity: The nearest railway station is Srivilliputtur. There are several passenger trains from Madurai to Srivilliputtur. The Pothigai Express is a daily train from Chennai Egmore to Sengottai that reaches Srivilliputtur at 6.13 in the morning. From Srivilliputtur you can take a local bus to Watrap.

Madurai Metropolis in Tamil Nadu, India

Madurai is a major city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is the cultural capital of Tamil Nadu and the administrative headquarters of Madurai District, the third largest city in Tamil Nadu and 44th most populated city in India. Located on the banks of River Vaigai, Madurai has been a major settlement for two millennia.

Pothigai Express

The Pothigai Express is an overnight Superfast train service operated between Chennai Egmore and Sengottai via Villupuram, Trichy, Madurai and Tenkasi on the Southern Railway zone of the government-owned Indian Railways.

Sengottai City in Tamil Nadu, India

Sengottai is a City in the Tenkasi district, of Tamil Nadu, India. Spread over an area of 2.68km² with a population of over 26,823, the economy of the town revolves around the cultivation of rice.

Road Connectivity Watrap Town is connected from NH208 around 10 km (From Krishnan Kovil) and 17 km (from Alagapuri Village) and there are plenty of buses are operated to and from the below destination.

There is a Bus Stand which has been built and it is on the Road towards Koomapatti. Mostly the Buses are stopped at the Bazaar which is also known as Mutthalamman Chavadi. Watrap Town has a very busy bazaar and has around 1000 to 1500 shops in a less than 1 km radius. Mostly between 5 pm and 8 pm every day is the peak time for all the businesses.

Nearest Airport

The nearest Airport is Madurai (72 km) and there are plenty of Local Taxi Operators are operating the taxis to Madurai Airport for Pickup and Drop facility.

Banks and Financial Institution There are 4 Banks are in Watrap :

Famous personalities

He was awarded padma bhusan in 1954.

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  1. "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.