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Wawrzyniec Stegmann (c.1610-c.1655), Latin name Laurentius Tribander, was a Polish Arian scholar and the last rector of the Racovian Academy 1634-1638.
The Racovian Academy was a Socinian school operated from 1602 to 1638 by the Polish Brethren in Raków, Sandomierz Voivodeship of Lesser Poland. The communitarian Arian settlement of Raków was founded in 1569 by Jan Sienieński. The academy was founded in 1602 by his son, Jakub Sienieński. The zenith of the academy was 1616–1630. It was contemporaneous with the Calvinist Pińczów Academy, which was known "as the Sarmatian Athens". It numbered more than 1,000 students, including many foreigners. At this point it is estimated that ten to twenty percent of Polish intellectuals were Arians.
It has been suggested that the Latin name Tribander for Stegmann was to protect the school, but the pen name Tribander is transparent and was used by other members of the Stegmann family also.
Wawrzyniec Grzymała Goślicki was a Polish nobleman, Bishop of Poznań (1601–1607), political thinker and philosopher best known for his book De optimo senatore (1568).
Grzymała - is a Polish coat of arms. It was used by several szlachta families in the times of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Piotr Skarga was a Polish Jesuit, preacher, hagiographer, polemicist, and leading figure of the Counter-Reformation in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Due to his oratorical gifts, he has been called "the Polish Bossuet".
Laurence is an English and French given name. The English masculine name originates from a French form of the Latin Laurentius, a name meaning "man from Laurentum". It is possible, although unlikely, that the name of Laurentum is derived from the Latin laurus ("laurel").
Laurentius is a Latin given name and surname that means "From Laurentum", or "Laurelled".
Janusz Tazbir was a Polish historian, specializing in the culture and religion of Poland in the 16th and 17th centuries.
Aleksander Leon Kostka-Napierski (1620–1651), Polish captain during the Thirty Years' War in Swedish service, participant of battle in Germany and organizer of the Kostka-Napierski Uprising. According to the historian prof. Paweł Wieczorkiewicz, Napierski was in service to Khmelnytsky. Professor of History Janusz Tazbir was of a similar opinion. However, other historians, such as Adam Kersten, cautiously connect Kostki-Napierski with the Swedish king, with Khmelnytsky, or with the court of Rákóczi.
Mówią Wieki is a monthly popular science history magazine published in Poland since 1958.
Laurentius Corvinus was a Silesian scholar who lectured as an "extraordinary" professor at the University of Krakow when Nicolaus Copernicus began to study there. He also attracted a reputation as one of the finest Silesian poets of the early Renaissance and as an important agent for cultural and religious change in his adopted home of Breslau.
The term Samogitian nobility refers to the noble class living in the region of Samogitia, in Lithuania and an integral part of Lithuanian nobility. Historically, the local Polish-Lithuanian gentry was formed of people of various ethnic backgrounds, including Lithuanian, Polish, Tartar, German and Ruthenian.
Katarzyna Weiglowa (Wajglowa), was a Roman Catholic woman from the Kingdom of Poland who converted to Judaism or to Judaizing nontrinitarianism. She was burned at the stake in Kraków under the charge of apostasy when she refused to call Jesus Christ the Son of God. She is regarded by Unitarians and Jews as a martyr.
The Doruchów witch trial was a witch trial which took place in the village of Doruchów in Poland in the 18th century. It was the last mass trial of sorcery and witchcraft in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Joachim Stegmann Sr.(Potsdam 1595 - Cluj-Napoca 1633) was a German Socinian theologian, Bible translator, mathematician and rector of the Racovian Academy.
Prof. Lech Szczucki, is a Polish historian of philosophy and culture, particularly noted since the 1960s for his work on the Polish Brethren. He is a professor emeritus of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN), Institute of Philosophy and Sociology. A regular member of the Warsaw Scientific Society, a member of the Society for the Promotion and Propagation of Sciences. A former editor of "Archivum", and now on the Program Committee. Prof. Szczucki was awarded the Prize of the Foundation for Polish Science for explaining the cultural ties between Central and Western Europe in a monumental edition of the correspondence of Andrzej Dudycz, the 16th-century thinker, religious reformer and diplomat.
Franco de Franco was an Italian Calvinist who was sentenced to death in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth on religious grounds. He is one of the victims of the religious intolerance in this country, besides e.g. Katarzyna Weiglowa, and Iwan Tyszkiewicz.
The Lives of the Saints from the Old and New Testaments is a hagiography by Polish Jesuit Piotr Skarga. It became one of the most popular Polish books ever and a classic of Polish literature. It is one of two most famous works by Skarga, the other being Sejm Sermons.
Sejm Sermons or the Eight sermons before the Sejm, is a political treatise by Polish Jesuit Piotr Skarga, published in 1597. It is one of two most famous works by Skarga, the other being Żywoty świętych.
The Sermon of Piotr Skarga or Skarga's Sermon is a large oil painting by Jan Matejko, finished in 1864, now in the National Museum, Warsaw in Poland. It depicts a sermon on political matters by the Jesuit priest Piotr Skarga, a chief figure of the Counter Reformation in Poland, where he rebukes the Polish elite for neglecting the national interest.
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