Wawrzyniec Stegmann

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Wawrzyniec Stegmann (c.1610-c.1655), Latin name Laurentius Tribander, was a Polish Arian scholar and the last rector of the Racovian Academy 1634-1638.

Racovian Academy

The Racovian Academy was a Socinian school operated from 1602 to 1638 by the Polish Brethren in Raków, Sandomierz Voivodeship of Lesser Poland. The communitarian Arian settlement of Raków was founded in 1569 by Jan Sienieński. The academy was founded in 1602 by his son, Jakub Sienieński. The zenith of the academy was 1616–1630. It was contemporaneous with the Calvinist Pińczów Academy, which was known "as the Sarmatian Athens". It numbered more than 1,000 students, including many foreigners. At this point it is estimated that ten to twenty percent of Polish intellectuals were Arians.

It has been suggested that the Latin name Tribander for Stegmann was to protect the school, but the pen name Tribander is transparent and was used by other members of the Stegmann family also. [1]

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  1. Janusz Tazbir Stanisław Lubieniecki przywódca ariańskiej emigracji -- 1961 p30 "Janusz Tazbir. utwór powstał nieco później. Wawrzyniec Stegmann podpisał go bowiem jako Laurentius Tribander. Pseudonim ten — jak przypuszczają niektórzy historycy — przybrał sobie nieszczęsny rektor po kasacie szkoły, aby uchronić ..."