1974 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships

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The 1974 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Mexico City, Mexico in neighboring Xochimilco. This marked the first time the championships took place outside Europe. As of 2009, all championships have taken place either in Europe or North America. The lake was where the canoeing and rowing events took place for the 1968 Summer Olympics.

Mexico City Capital in Mexico

Mexico City, or the City of Mexico, is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America. Mexico City is one of the most important cultural and financial centres in the Americas. It is located in the Valley of Mexico, a large valley in the high plateaus in the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 meters (7,350 ft). The city has 16 boroughs.

Xochimilco Borough of Mexico City

Xochimilco is one of the 16 mayoralities or boroughs within Mexico City. The borough is centered on the formerly independent city of Xochimilco, which was established on what was the southern shore of Lake Xochimilco in the pre-Hispanic period. Today, the borough consists of the eighteen “barrios” or neighborhoods of this city along with fourteen “pueblos” or villages that surround it, covering an area of 125 km2 (48 sq mi). The borough is in the southeastern part of the city and has an identity that is separate from the historic center of Mexico City, due to its historic separation from that city during most of its history. Xochimilco is best known for its canals, which are left from what was an extensive lake and canal system that connected most of the settlements of the Valley of Mexico. These canals, along with artificial islands called chinampas, attract tourists and other city residents to ride on colorful gondola-like boats called “trajineras” around the 170 km (110 mi) of canals. This canal and chinampa system, as a vestige of the area's pre-Hispanic past, has made Xochimilco a World Heritage Site. In 1950, Paramahansa Yogananda in his Autobiography of a Yogi wrote that if there were a scenic beauty contest, Xochimilco would get the first prize. However, severe environmental degradation of the canals and chinampas has brought that status into question.

The ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships are an international event in canoeing, one of two Summer Olympic sport events organized by the International Canoe Federation. The World Championships have taken place every non-Olympic year since 1970 and officially included paracanoe events since 2010; since 2012, paracanoe-specific editions of this event have been held in Summer Paralympic years.

Contents

The men's competition consisted of six Canadian (single paddle, open boat) and nine kayak events. Three events were held for the women, all in kayak.

Canoe light boat that is paddled

A canoe is a lightweight narrow vessel, typically pointed at both ends and open on top, propelled by one or more seated or kneeling paddlers facing the direction of travel using a single-bladed paddle.

Kayak small boat propelled with a double-bladed paddle

A kayak is a small, narrow watercraft which is typically propelled by means of a double-bladed paddle. The word kayak originates from the Greenlandic word qajaq.

This was the eleventh championships in canoe sprint.

Medal summary

Men's

Canoe

EventGoldTimeSilverTimeBronzeTime
C-1 500 mFlag of the Soviet Union.svg  Sergey Petrenko  (URS)Flag of East Germany.svg  Klaus Zeisler  (GDR)Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Ivan Patzaichin  (ROU)
C-1 1000 mFlag of the Soviet Union.svg  Vasiliy Yurchenko  (URS)Flag of East Germany.svg  Klaus Zeisler  (GDR)Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Ivan Patzaichin  (ROU)
C-1 10000 mFlag of Hungary.svg  Tamás Wichmann  (HUN)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Vasiliy Yurchenko  (URS)Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Ivan Patzaichin  (ROU)
C-2 500 mFlag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Aleksandr Vinogradov
Yuriy Lobanov
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
Georghe Danielov
Gheorghe Simionov
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Šach
Jiří Čtvrtečka
C-2 1000 mFlag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Vladas Česiūnas
Yuriy Lobanov
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Jerzy Opara
Andrzej Gronowicz
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
Cherasim Munteanu
Vasile Serghei
C-2 10000 mFlag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Vladas Česiūnas
Yuriy Lobanov
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Tamás Buday
Gábor Haraszti
Flag of France.svg  France
Alain Alcard
Jean-Paul Cezard

Kayak

EventGoldTimeSilverTimeBronzeTime
K-1 500 mFlag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Vasile Dîba  (ROU)Flag of Hungary.svg  Géza Csapó  (HUN)Flag of Poland.svg  Grzegorz Śledziewski  (POL)
K-1 1000 mFlag of Hungary.svg  Géza Csapó  (HUN)Flag of Poland.svg  Grzegorz Śledziewski  (POL)Flag of Italy.svg  Oreste Perri  (ITA)
K-1 10000 mFlag of Italy.svg  Oreste Perri  (ITA)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Aleksandr Shaparenko  (URS)Flag of Hungary.svg  Péter Völgyi  (HUN)
K-1 4 x 500 m relayFlag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
Vasile Dîba
Ernst Pavel
Atanase Sciotnic
Mihail Zaifu
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Vitaliy Trukshin
Sergey Zhuchray
Anatoliy Kobrisev
Nikolay Astapkovich
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Ryszard Oborski
Grzegorz Śledziewski
Kazimierz Górecki
Andrzej Matysiak
K-2 500 mFlag of Poland.svg  Poland
Ryszard Oborski
Grzegorz Śledziewski
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
József Deme
János Rátkai
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Ulrich Hellige
Herbert Laabs
K-2 1000 mFlag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Zoltán Bakó
István Szabó
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Vladimir Kozubin
Mikhail Afansiyev
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Volkmar Thiede
Rüdiger Helm
K-2 10000 mFlag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
Ion Terente
Antrop Variabev
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
Jos Broeckx
Paul Stinckens
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Konstantin Kostenko
Vyacheslav Kononov
K-4 1000 mFlag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Herbert Laabs
Ulrich Hellige
Jürgen Lehnert
Bernd Duvigneau
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Yuriy Filatov
Aleksandr Degtyarov
Aleksandr Kuprikov
Nikolay Astapkovich
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
József Deme
János Rátkai
Csongor Vargha
Csaba Giczi
K-4 10000 mFlag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Leonid Derevyasnko
Nikolai Gorbachev
Pytor Zhurga
Anatoliy Zharkin
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Csaba Giczi
Csongor Vargha
István Szabó
Zoltán Romhanyi
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Ryszard Oborski
Kazimierz Górecki
Grzegorz Kołtan
Andrzej Matysiak

Women's

Kayak

EventGoldTimeSilverTimeBronzeTime
K-1 500 mFlag of East Germany.svg  Anke Ohde  (GDR)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Nina Gopova  (URS)Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Maria Cosma  (ROU)
K-2 500 mFlag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Bärbel Köster
Anke Ohde
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
Victoria Dumitru
Maria Nichiforov
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Ilona Tözser
Mária Zakariás
K-4 500 mFlag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Ilse Kaschube
Bärbel Köster
Anke Ohde
Carola Zirzow
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Nina Gopova
Larissa Kabakova
Tatyana Korzhunova
Galina Kreft
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
Victoria Dumitru
Maria Nichiforov
Maria Cosma
Agafia Orlov

Medals table

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 67114
2Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 4228
3Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 34310
4Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 32611
5Flag of Poland (with coat of arms, 1955-1980).svg  Poland 1236
6Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1012
7Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 0101
8Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 0011
Flag of France.svg  France 0011
Totals (9 nations)18181854

Related Research Articles

The 1948 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in London, Great Britain. This event was held under the auspices of the International Canoe Federation, formed in 1946 from the Internationale Repräsentantenschaft Kanusport (IRK).

The 1963 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Jajce, Yugoslavia. This event was held under the auspices of the International Canoe Federation.

The 1970 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Copenhagen, Denmark for the second time after hosting the event in 1950. This event was held under the auspices of the International Canoe Federation. Beginning at these championships, the event would be held on an annual basis in non-Summer Olympic years, a tradition that continues as of 2009.

The 1971 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Belgrade, Yugoslavia.

1973 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships

The 1973 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Tampere, Finland.

The 1977 Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Sofia, Bulgaria.

1978 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships

The 1978 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Belgrade, Yugoslavia for a record third time. The Yugoslavian city had previously hosted the championships in 1971 and 1975.

The 1981 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Nottingham, Great Britain.

1982 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships

The 1982 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Belgrade, Yugoslavia for the record fourth time. The Yugoslavian city had host the championships previously in 1971, 1975, and 1978.

The 1983 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Tampere, Finland for the second time. The Finnish city had host the championships previously in 1973.

The 1985 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Mechelen, Belgium.

The 1986 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada at the Notre Dame Island. This is also where the canoeing and rowing competitions for the 1976 Summer Olympics took place.

The 1987 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Duisburg, West Germany for the second time. The West German city hosted the championships previously in 1979.

The 1990 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Poznań, Poland on Lake Malta.

The 1991 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Paris, France.

The 1994 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Mexico City, Mexico for the second time at neighboring Xochimilco. The Mexican city had hosted the event previously in 1974 at the same venue that hosted the canoeing and rowing competitions for the 1968 Summer Olympics.

The 1995 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Duisburg, Germany for the third time. The German city had hosted the event previously in 1979 and 1987 when it was part of West Germany.

The 1997 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada on Lake Banook.

The 1998 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Szeged, Hungary.

The 1999 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Milan, Italy at the Idroscalo.

References