2014 Nepal snowstorm disaster

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2014 Nepal snowstorm disaster
Annapurna I ABC Morning.jpg
Annapurna South seen from Annapurna Base Camp
Native name विसं २०७१ को हिमआँधी प्रकोप
Date14 October 2014 (2014-10-14)
Location Manang and Mustang Districts, Nepal
Cause Cyclone Hudhud
Deaths43 deaths [1]
Non-fatal injuries175
Missing50

The 2014 Nepal snowstorm disaster occurred in central Nepal during the month of October and resulted in the deaths of at least 43 people of various nationalities, including at least 21 trekkers. Injuries and fatalities resulted from unusually severe snowstorms and avalanches on and around the mountains of Annapurna and Dhaulagiri. The incident was said to be Nepal's worst trekking disaster.

Contents

Events

Thorong La Pass in 2006. Thorung La.jpg
Thorong La Pass in 2006.

On 14 October 2014, a snowstorm and series of avalanches occurred on and around Annapurna and Dhaulagiri in the Manang and Mustang Districts of Nepal within the Himalaya range. [2] According to an unnamed expert the storm arose from Cyclone Hudhud and was the worst in a decade with almost 1.8 metres (5 ft 11 in) of snow falling within 12 hours. [3] The storm resulted from the unusual merger of a tropical cyclone with an upper trough, [4] an occurrence made more likely by climate change. [5]

Electric power, cell phone service, and internet connections failed in the Manang District, hampering relief efforts. [6] Trekkers in the area at the time of the storm consisted of citizens from several countries including 78 from New Zealand. [7] One of the first calls for international assistance was raised by the Israeli embassy in Kathmandu after trapped tourists sent a hand-written note from the top of the pass with a local guide who descended the mountain. [8] [9] Twenty-one trekkers and guides from Nepal, Slovakia and Germany were rescued on 15 October after the avalanche the previous day. [9] When search and rescue operations ceased on 19 October, up to 400 people had been rescued from various areas including Thorong La, [2] the Manang and Mustang areas [9] and the Tukuche basecamp of Mustang. [10]

The storms resulted in the deaths of at least 43 people. [1] [11] [12] [13] Among the dead were 21 trekkers from several countries walking the Annapurna Circuit, [14] including two Slovak climbers at Dhaulagiri base camp, [9] and several local Nepali mountain guides, cooks and yak herders. [15] Up to 50 people were estimated to be missing with 175 reported to have injuries such as severe frostbite. [15] [16]

Legacy

Local authorities were criticised for not giving sufficient warning of approaching bad weather to the trekkers and local residents. [16] However, some officials believe that those killed or injured were inexperienced and inadequately equipped. [14] [17] The Prime Minister of Nepal, Sushil Koirala, called the loss of life “extremely tragic at a time when worldwide weather updates are available every second”, and said that weather warning systems would be improved. [17] The Nepal Tourism Ministry said that the incident "has taught us a lesson”, and that more emergency shelters and better weather tracking and communication were needed to avert future tragedies. [14] Newly proposed procedures and regulations include a trekkers registry, checkpoints, GPS tracking units and mandatory use of trained local guides. [17] However, regulations at the time required trekkers to check in at various waypoints and licensed guides were already recommended. There was no system in place at the time to inform trekkers of weather conditions en route. The Nepali Trekking Guide certification is also very basic and the training is far below the quality of the training found in developed countries and does not adequately train guides in crossing and navigating snowy terrain[ opinion ].

See also

Related Research Articles

Annapurna Himalayan mountain range in north-central Nepal

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Dhaulagiri Mountain in Nepal; 7th highest in world

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Thorong La

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Jomsom HQ/Ward in Gandaki Province, Nepal

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Annapurna Circuit

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Cyclone Hudhud

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The 1995 India cyclone was a tropical cyclone that struck southeastern India which later spawned a rare snowstorm in Nepal, triggering the deadliest mountain trekking incident in the country's history in November 1995. The storm originated from the monsoon trough on November 7 in the Bay of Bengal, east of India, becoming the penultimate storm of the 1995 North Indian Ocean cyclone season. Moving northwestward, the system gradually intensified while moving toward land, eventually developing an eye in the middle of the convection. Reaching peak winds of at least 120 km/h (75 mph), the India Meteorological Department (IMD) classified the system as a very severe cyclonic storm on November 8, in line with intensity estimates from the American-based Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC). On November 9, the cyclone made landfall near the border of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa. A typical for most November storms, the system continued to the north and dissipated over Nepal on November 11.

References

  1. 1 2 "Death toll in Nepal's worst trekking disaster reaches 43". www.reuters.com. Reuters. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  2. 1 2 "Nepal Annapurna: Search ends for surviving trekkers". BBC News. 19 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  3. "Nepal Annapurna: Trekking disaster toll reaches 39". BBC News. 18 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  4. Wang, S.-Y., B. Fosu, R. R. Gillies, and P. M. Singh, 2015: The Deadly Himalayan Snowstorm of October 2014: Synoptic Conditions and Associated Trends. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, S89-94.
  5. Simon Wang, S.-Y.; Gillies, Robert R.; Fosu, Boniface; Singh, Pratibha M. (2015). "The Deadly Himalayan Snowstorm of October 2014: Synoptic Conditions and Associated Trends". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 96 (12): S89–S94. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00113.1 .
  6. "What to do in Kathmandu?". transvaya. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
  7. "Kiwis trek to safety after deadly Nepal avalanches". The New Zealand Herald.
  8. "The note of desperation that helped save Nepal trekkers". 18 October 2014.
  9. 1 2 3 4 "Death toll passes 39 as freak snowstorms hit Annapurna region". British Mountaineering Council. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  10. "7 rescued from Tukuche base camp".
  11. Sharma, Bhadra; Najar, Nida (15 October 2014). "Blizzard and Avalanche Kill at Least 20 Trekkers in Himalayas". The New York Times . Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  12. Sharma, Gopal (15 October 2014). "Freak Nepal blizzards kill at least 20, including hikers, guides". Reuters. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  13. Kannampilly, Ammu (15 October 2014). "Himalayan blizzard, avalanche kill 17 trekkers in Nepal". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  14. 1 2 3 "Nepal tightens up mountain rules in wake of Himalayan hiking disaster". The Guardian. 21 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  15. 1 2 "Nepal trekking disaster: Britons still 'missing' after severe snow storm". The Telegraph. 19 October 2014.
  16. 1 2 "Nepal blizzard: survivor tells of friends' deaths on Annapurna circuit". The Guardian. 16 October 2014.
  17. 1 2 3 "Nepal blames 'cheap tourists' for falling victim to snowstorm in Himalayas". The Guardian. 17 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.

Coordinates: 28°47′37″N83°56′20″E / 28.7936°N 83.9388°E / 28.7936; 83.9388