Alexandre Bultos (18 June 1749, Brussels - 20 September 1787) was a Belgian comic actor and theatre director.
Brussels, officially the Brussels-Capital Region, is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the capital of Belgium. The Brussels-Capital Region is located in the central portion of the country and is a part of both the French Community of Belgium and the Flemish Community, but is separate from the Flemish Region and the Walloon Region. Brussels is the most densely populated and the richest region in Belgium in terms of GDP per capita. It covers 161 km2 (62 sq mi), a relatively small area compared to the two other regions, and has a population of 1.2 million. The metropolitan area of Brussels counts over 2.1 million people, which makes it the largest in Belgium. It is also part of a large conurbation extending towards Ghent, Antwerp, Leuven and Walloon Brabant, home to over 5 million people.
In a modern sense, comedy refers to any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous or amusing by inducing laughter, especially in theatre, television, film, stand-up comedy, or any other medium of entertainment. The origins of the term are found in Ancient Greece. In the Athenian democracy, the public opinion of voters was influenced by the political satire performed by the comic poets at the theaters. The theatrical genre of Greek comedy can be described as a dramatic performance which pits two groups or societies against each other in an amusing agon or conflict. Northrop Frye depicted these two opposing sides as a "Society of Youth" and a "Society of the Old." A revised view characterizes the essential agon of comedy as a struggle between a relatively powerless youth and the societal conventions that pose obstacles to his hopes. In this struggle, the youth is understood to be constrained by his lack of social authority, and is left with little choice but to take recourse in ruses which engender very dramatic irony which provokes laughter.
The seventh child of Pierre-François Bultos and his wife Marie-Josèphe Lambert, wine merchants and hoteliers, Alexandre made his stage debut in December 1761 aged 12, in La Servante maîtresse by Pierre Baurans, after the work by Pergolesi, beside his close contemporary Angélique D'Hannetaire (like him, a student of Ignaz Vitzthumb, music-master of the Théâtre de la Monnaie). When this play was reprised two months later, François-Antoine de Chevrier wrote:
Giovanni Battista Draghi, often referred to as Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, was an Italian composer, violinist and organist. His best-known works include his Stabat Mater and the opera La serva padrona. His compositions include operas and sacred music. He died of tuberculosis at the very young age of 26.
Marie-Angélique Servandoni, stage name Angélique D'Hannetaire, was a French actress and opera singer.
|“||On Tuesday 16th, the child-players acted la servante Maitresse, and particularly admired was little Bultos in the role of Pandolphe - he is the son of a Brussels cafe owner, who developed into a comic-actor out of his own desire - thus it is astonishing that this little gentleman, with no examples of excellence around, has been able to acquire so many talents in so little time.||”|
From 1767 to 1770 he was part of the Ghent troupe, acted at Strasbourg in 1770, and then acted at Maastricht in Charles Bernardy's troupe, before finally getting to Copenhagen under his own steam. Taken on at Brussels in 1772 as an ensemble member then as Laruette and his comic leads from 1773, he divided his duties with Dazincourt, which sometimes led to tension between Dazincourt and Bultos. Dazincourt left Brussels for Paris in 1776, leaving Bultos alone to fill the lead roles. In 1777 Bultos and his father obtained permission to open a Vauxhall in the Parc de Bruxelles and the same year Alexandre became co-director of the Théâtre de la Monnaie alongside Louis-Jean Pin. Five years later, he made his brother Herman (1752-1801) his co-director. Around 1785 he tried to make a debut at the Comédie-Française but was dissuaded by his contemporaries.
Ghent is a city and a municipality in the Flemish Region of Belgium. It is the capital and largest city of the East Flanders province, and the second largest municipality in Belgium, after Antwerp. The city started as a settlement at the confluence of the Rivers Scheldt and Leie and in the Late Middle Ages became one of the largest and richest cities of northern Europe, with some 50,000 people in 1300. It is a port and university city.
Strasbourg is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament. Located at the border with Germany in the historic region of Alsace, it is the capital of the Bas-Rhin department. In 2016, the city proper had 279,284 inhabitants and both the Eurométropole de Strasbourg and the Arrondissement of Strasbourg had 491,409 inhabitants. Strasbourg's metropolitan area had a population of 785,839 in 2015, making it the ninth largest metro area in France and home to 13% of the Grand Est region's inhabitants. The transnational Eurodistrict Strasbourg-Ortenau had a population of 915,000 inhabitants in 2014.
Maastricht is a city and a municipality in the southeast of the Netherlands. It is the capital and largest city of the province of Limburg. Maastricht is located on both sides of the Meuse, at the point where the Jeker joins it. It is adjacent to the border with Belgium.
The Théâtre Royal de la Monnaie in French, or The Koninklijke Muntschouwburg in Dutch, is an Opera house in Brussels, Belgium. Both of its names translate as Royal Theatre of the Mint.
Ignaz or Ignace Vitzthumb was an Austrian musician, composer and conductor active in the Austrian Netherlands. He was also music director of the La Monnaie theatre in Brussels.
The Vauxhall, otherwise known as the Waux-Hall, is a historic building in Parc de Bruxelles in Brussels, Belgium. It is named after the pleasure gardens of Vauxhall in London, which only became known to the inhabitants of Brussels in 1761, when a ballet entitled Le Phaxal was put on at the Théâtre de la Monnaie. In Paris, the stage-builder Torré opened a "garden of amusements" in 1764, which the public came to call the Vaux-Hall de Torré. A Vaux-Hall d'hiver was set up in 1769 at the foire Saint-Germin.
Joseph-Jean-Baptiste Albouy, stage name Dazincourt, was a French actor.
Jean-Nicolas Servandoni, stage name D'Hannetaire, was a French actor and theatre director.
Jean-François Fieuzal or Fieusacq, stage name Durancy was a French actor-director and part of Charles Simon Favart’s acting troupe. He headed the Théâtre de la Monnaie in Brussels from 1 April 1752 until 15 March 1755. Afterwards, he was an actor in Bordeaux for some time. He made his debut at the Comédie-Française on 7 November 1759. Durancy married mademoiselle Darimath, with whom he conceived two daughters. The youngest of the two, Claire-Eulalie, was an actress in Brussels, while the oldest one, Céleste, acted for a long time at the Comédie-Française and the Opéra de Paris.
Jean Mauduit, stage name Larive or de La Rive was a French actor.
Louis Compain, also known as Compain-Despierrières, was a French actor and singer. He is notable as the co-director of the Théâtre de la Monnaie in Brussels from 1772 to 1776, where he had made his debut in 1757. He also acted in the Du Londel Troupe in Sweden, at Marseille (1759), Bordeaux (1760), The Hague (1768), Metz (1778), Toulouse (1779), Nîmes (1786) and Nantes (1790).
Marguerite-Louise Odiot de Montroty, stage name Sophie Lothaire was a French dancer, actress and director who spent her whole career at the Théâtre de la Monnaie in Brussels.
Louis-Jean Pin was a French comic-actor and theatre director. He was born in Paris.
Herman Bultos was an 18th-century Belgian wine merchant and theatre director.
Jean-Pierre-Paul Adam was a late 18th and early 19th century French actor.
Henri-Joseph Dupont was a Belgian violinist, leader, theatre director (manager) and conductor. The pianist Auguste Dupont was his brother.
Pierre-Antoine Gourgaud, stage name Dugazon père, was a French actor.
The Théâtre Royal du Parc (French), Parktheater (Dutch) is a theatre at 3, Rue de la Loi in Brussels, on the edge of the Brussels Park facing the Federal Parliament. Its nearest Metro stations are the Arts-Loi/Kunst-Wet metro station and the Park metro station.
François Ruhlmann was a Belgian conductor.
Jean-Antoine-Nicolas Petipa was a French ballet dancer and the father of Marius Petipa.
Saint-Fal, real name Étienne Meynier was a French stage actor born in Paris on 10 June 1752 and died in the same city on 22 November 1835.
Maurice Huisman in a car crash was a Belgian Opera director.
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Théâtre de la Monnaie
Alexandre and Herman Bultos
and Sophie Lothaire
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Théâtre de la Monnaie
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