An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand

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An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand
An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, cover.jpg
Dust jacket front cover
Editor A. H. McLintock
CountryNew Zealand
SubjectNew Zealand – Encyclopedias
PublisherR.E. Owen, Government Printer
Publication date
Media type3 volumes, hardbound; republished online
OCLC 1014037525
LC Class DU405 .E5
Text An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand online

An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand was an official encyclopaedia about New Zealand, published in three volumes by the Government of New Zealand in 1966. Edited by Dr. Alexander Hare McLintock, the parliamentary historian, and assisted by two others, the encyclopaedia included over 1,800 articles and 900 biographies, written by 359 contributing authors. [1]

Government of New Zealand central government of New Zealand

The Government of New Zealand, or New Zealand Government, is the administrative complex through which authority is exercised in New Zealand. As in most parliamentary democracies, the term "Government" refers chiefly to the executive branch, and more specifically to the collective ministry directing the executive. Based on the principle of responsible government, it operates within the framework that "the Queen reigns, but the government rules, so long as it has the support of the House of Representatives".

Alexander Hare McLintock was a New Zealand teacher, university lecturer, historian and artist. He edited and authored the three-volume Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, published in 1966, his final and perhaps his most remembered work.

The encyclopaedia is more comprehensive and more representative of minorities than previous New Zealand reference works such as the vanity press The Cyclopedia of New Zealand published around sixty years earlier, but not as representative as the more modern Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . A number of women were present as representing firsts, including Kate Edger.

<i>The Cyclopedia of New Zealand</i> encyclopaedia published in New Zealand

The Cyclopedia of New Zealand: industrial, descriptive, historical, biographical facts, figures, illustrations was an encyclopaedia published in New Zealand between 1897 and 1908 by the Cyclopedia Company Ltd. Arthur McKee was one of the original directors of the company that published The Cyclopedia, and his business partner H. Gamble worked with him on the first volume. Six volumes were published on the people, places and organisations of provinces of New Zealand. Despite being vanity press and almost wholly restricted to white male European colonists to the exclusion of Māori, women and other minorities, the Cyclopedia is now a key historical resource because of its breadth of coverage. Many small towns and social institutions were covered which were poorly covered by contemporary newspapers. The first volume, which covered Wellington, also included the colonial government, politicians, governors, and public servants. The first volume was produced in Wellington, and the remaining volumes were produced in Christchurch.

The Dictionary of New Zealand Biography (DNZB) is an encyclopedia or biographical dictionary containing biographies of over 3,000 deceased New Zealanders. It was first published as a series of print volumes from 1990 to 2000, and then on a website from 2002. The dictionary superseded An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand of 1966, which had 900 biographies. The dictionary is managed by the Ministry for Culture and Heritage of the Government of New Zealand. An earlier work of the same name in two volumes, published in 1940 by Guy Scholefield with government assistance, is unrelated.

Kate Milligan Evans was the first woman in New Zealand to gain a university degree.

Its publication met with an enthusiastic response; within two months almost all of its initial print run of 34,000 copies had sold. After the last 3,000 copies were sold it was never reprinted, more due to the non-commercial priorities of the government-run printing office than any lack of demand or interest from the general public. [2] The encyclopaedia was well received by scholars and teachers, and it is still regarded as an important New Zealand reference work, even considering its errors and omissions, and the biases of its time. Jock Phillips, writing in 2003 about his editorship of its successor Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand , considers it an "illustrious predecessor" and describes it as

John Oliver Crompton (Jock) Phillips is a New Zealand historian, author and encyclopedist. He is the general editor of Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand, the official encyclopedia of New Zealand.

<i>Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand</i> online encyclopedia

Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand is an online encyclopedia established in 2001 by the Ministry for Culture and Heritage of the New Zealand Government. The web-based content was developed in stages over the next several years; the first sections were published in 2005, and the last in 2014 marking its completion. Te Ara means "the pathway" in the Māori language, and contains over three million words in articles from over 450 authors. Over 30,000 images and video clips are included from thousands of contributors.

even now, a most impressive work. It remains an essential source of reference for students and scholars of New Zealand [...] But it is very much a creature of a particular time and place. [2]

The work's importance, both as a reference and as an historical snapshot of mid-20th century New Zealand, motivated the Ministry for Culture and Heritage to digitise and republish the work online. [3] The text and images have been made available, without corrections or updates, as a separate resource within its successor Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. [4]

Ministry for Culture and Heritage Ministry in New Zealand

The Ministry for Culture and Heritage Te Manatū Taonga (MCH) is the public-service department of the New Zealand government charged with advising the government on policies and issues involving the arts, culture, built heritage, sport and recreation, and broadcasting sectors, and participating in functions that advance or promote those sectors.

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Mercury Bay bay in New Zealand

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New Zealand Labour Party (1910)

The original New Zealand Labour Party was a short-lived left-wing political party in New Zealand. It is a predecessor of the modern Labour Party

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The Auckland Province was a province of New Zealand from 1853 until the abolition of provincial government in 1876.

Marlborough Province

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The following lists events that happened during 1821 in New Zealand.

Health care in New Zealand

The health care system of New Zealand has undergone significant changes throughout the past several decades. From an essentially fully public system based on the Social Security Act 1938, reforms have introduced market and health insurance elements primarily since the 1980s, creating a mixed public-private system for delivering healthcare.

The West Coast Gold Rush on the West Coast of New Zealand from 1864 to 1867 populated the area, which up till then had been visited by few Europeans. Gold was found near the Taramakau River in 1864 by two Māori, Ihaia Tainui and Haimona Taukau. In 1865–66 gold was discovered at Okarito, Bruce Bay, around Charleston and along the Grey River.

Thomas Brydone was a New Zealand land-company manager, farm manager and freezing-industry developer. Born in West Linton, Peeblesshire, Scotland on 14 April 1837. Brydone working with William Soltau Davidson improved the efficacy of pre-existent refrigeration technology, creating the meat export industry between New Zealand and Britain in the 1880s.

Irish New Zealanders are New Zealanders who are of Irish ancestry or New Zealanders who originate from Ireland.

John Gare Butler was a pioneer Anglican missionary and farmer born in England who went on to become one of the first clergyman of New Zealand. Butler established Kemp House in Kerikeri. He was ill for three months before his death in 1841.

National symbols of New Zealand are used to represent what is unique about the nation, reflecting different aspects of its cultural life and history.

Housing in New Zealand

Housing in New Zealand is based traditionally on the quarter-acre block, detached suburban home, but many historical exceptions and alternative modern trends exist. New Zealand has largely followed international designs. From the time of organised European colonization in the mid-19th century there has been a general chronological development in the types of homes built in New Zealand, and examples of each generation are still commonly occupied.

Mental health in New Zealand

Mental health in New Zealand generally follows the trends of mental health in other OECD countries. New Zealand's 'outdoor life style' and high standard of living are balanced by isolation and a self-reliant culture, which discourages asking for help. Historically, people with mental health problems were institutionalised, whereas now the focus is on care in the wider community. The stigma around poor mental health has been lessened in recent years as a result of this change and public education campaigns. However, New Zealand's minorities and youth continue to be over-represented in the negative mental health statistics.

Surveying in New Zealand

Surveying in New Zealand began with the arrival of Abel Tasman in the mid 17th century. Cartography and surveying have developed in incremental steps since that time till the integration of New Zealand into a global system based on GPS and the New Zealand Geodetic Datum 2000.


  1. "About this site". Te Ara. Manatū Taonga / Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  2. 1 2 Phillips, Jock (2003). "The Online Encyclopedia of New Zealand: Te Ara". New Zealand Journal of History. 37 (1): 80–89.
  3. Brown-May, Andrew (2007). "Review - Te Ara: The Online Encyclopedia of New Zealand". New Zealand Journal of History. 41 (2): 227–229. The inclusion of McLintock on the site gives new life to a monumental resource, itself a snapshot of a nation’s self-fashioning.
  4. "1966 Encyclopaedia of New Zealand". Te Ara. Manatū Taonga / Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 16 May 2009.